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Armed Groups

Armed Groups PDF
Author: Norwitz Jeffrey H Naval War College
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781935352266
Size: 56.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Counterinsurgency
Languages : en
Pages : 503
View: 6460

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Discussion of armed groups which are considered to include classic insurgents, terrorists, guerrillas, militias, police agencies, criminal organizations, war-lords, privatized military organizations, mercenaries, pirates, drug cartels, apocalyptic religious extremists, orchestrated rioters and mobs, and tribal factions. To study armed groups use of history, political science, anthropology, sociology, theology, and economics are traditional areas of research. The book also delves into matters of ethics, technology, intelligence, education, the law, diplomacy, military science, and even mythology. The book is divided into five sections: History and armed groups, Present context and environment, Religion and inspiration, thinking differently about armed groups, the shape of things to come.

American Foreign Policy

American Foreign Policy PDF
Author: Richmond M. Lloyd
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9781884733703
Size: 65.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 303
View: 508

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NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRODUCT-- OVERSTOCK SALE --Significantly reduced list price while supplies last Proceedings form a forum which provided a collegial forum for a small and select group of foreign policy and regional experts to formulate and recommend new directions for American foreign policy for each of the major regions of the world. With a new American administration in office, this is an opportune time to assess American foreign policy and to set future directions: 1. What challenges and opportunities will the United States, and its allies and friends, face in the future? 2. What changes should be made to all elements of U.S. foreign policy, including the diplomatic, economic, military, and informational elements? 3. What elements should continue? 4. What are the varying perspectives of nations within the region concerning U.S. foreign policy? 5. What changes in U.S. foreign policy would they desire? 6. Overall, what new directions for U.S. foreign policy will better support the interests and objectives of the United States, its allies, and its friends? A total of thirty-three foreign policy and regional experts participated in the workshop. Seventeen panelists presented papers on seven panels: A Global Perspective, Western Hemisphere, Asia and the Pacific, South Asia, The Greater Middle East, Europe and Russia, and Africa. Policymakers, members of government and governmental committees and agencies, and students and members of the general public interested in American foreign policy will be interested in this publication. Related products: International and Foreign Affairs resources collection is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/international-foreign-affairs Countering Radicalization and Recruitment to Al-Qaeda: Fighting the War of Deeds is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/search/apachesolr_search/Countering%20Radicalization Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01573-3 The Evolution of Los Zetas in Mexico and Central America: Sadism as an Instrument of Cartel Warfare can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/search/apachesolr_search/Los%20Zetas

Impunity Countering Illicit Power In War And Transition

Impunity  Countering Illicit Power in War and Transition PDF
Author: Michelle Hughes
Publisher: National Defense University
ISBN: 9780160945908
Size: 28.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 5560

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Successful outcomes in armed conflict require confronting illicit networks. The case studies contained within this illustrated text that confront illicit power requires coping with political and human dynamics in complex, uncertain environments. It touches upon America's strategic relationships for capacity building with world partners to combat terrorism and destabilizing forms of corruption throughout the world. Chapter topics covered include: Weapons trafficking Recruitment and Radicalization with forms of social media and new technologies Financial tools and sanctions Security sector reconstruction and more Related products: After the Wars: International Lessons Learned from the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/after-wars-international-lessons-us-wars-iraq-and-afghanistan Beyond Convergence: World Without Order is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/beyond-convergence-world-without-order-0 Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency eBook format available from Google Play eBookstore -- Please use ISBN: 9780160866999 to search their platform for this title. PRISM: Journal of t:he Center of Complex Operations that focuses on U.S. defense policy, counterinsurgency, and warfare strategy is available as a print quarterly periodical subscription that can be ordered here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/prism-journal-center-complex-operations Other products produced by the US Army, National Defense University can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/national-defense-university-ndu

The Al Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization

The Al Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization PDF
Author: Paul Kamolnick
Publisher: Department of the Army
ISBN: 9781584877448
Size: 62.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 1268

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The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and the Islamic State Organization (ISO) are transnational adversaries that conduct terrorism in the name of Sunni Islam. It is declared U.S. Government (USG) policy to degrade, defeat, and destroy them. The present book has been written to assist policymakers, military planners, strategists, and professional military educators whose mission demands a deep understanding of strategically-relevant differences between these two transnational terrorist entities. In it, one shall find a careful comparative analysis across three key strategically relevant dimensions: essential doctrine, beliefs, and worldview; strategic concept, including terrorist modus operandi; and specific implications and recommendations for current USG policy and strategy. Key questions that are addressed include: How is each terrorist entity related historically and doctrinally to the broader phenomenon of transnational Sunni "jihadism"? What is the exact nature of the ISO? How, if at all, does ISO differ in strategically relevant ways from AQO? What doctrinal differences essentially define these entities? How does each understand and operationalize strategy? What critical requirements and vulnerabilities characterize each entity? Finally, what implications, recommendations, and proposals are advanced that are of particular interest to USG strategists and professional military educators? This book may appeal to military planners, policymakers and analysts, strategists, political scientists, broadcast reporters, homeland security and intelligence community analysts, and professional military educators whose mission demands on a deep understanding of the strategically relevant differences between two transnational terrorist entities, the Al-Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization (IS).Broadcast news media and students pursuing coursework and research assignments relating to the Islamic State and/or the Al-Qaeda organizations and their doctrines for terrorism may be interested in this text for military science, defense policy, political science, and homeland security classes. Related products; The Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq can be found here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01116-8 Al-Qaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist Threat, Report, June 2006 can be found here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01116-8 Lessons Encountered: Learning from the Long War is available here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-029-00619-7 Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency can be found here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01573-3 Terrorism and 9/11 History resources collection can be found here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/terrorism-911-history

Reassessing The Barriers To Islamic Radicalization In Kazakhstan

Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan PDF
Author: Zhulduz Baizakova
Publisher: Department of the Army
ISBN: 9781584876946
Size: 66.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 62
View: 5234

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Central Asia has been experiencing an increase or activation of radical Islamic movements over the last decade or so. These complex processes include increasing urbanization, institutional and individual corruption, the growing gap between rich and poor, the inability of the state to provide security, corruption in the law enforcement agencies, poor functioning of the state religious bodies, inefficient power structures, limited scope for citizens to influence decision-making, all which result in lower trust in the authorities as well as other factors. The authoritarian regimes of Central Asia gave rise to boiling anger and discontent among their populations. For people unable to defend their rights and interests, religion might be seen as a way out of this situation. Kazakhstan, the most stable and safe country in the region, witnessed a series of alleged extremist terrorist acts since 2011. Historic roots and identity of "Kazakh Islam," the nature of connection and influence reaching Kazakhstan from neighboring North Caucasus and Afghanistan and how it affects radicalization of the youth, and reasons for misleading assumptions are analyzed so as to identify how Kazakhstan is viewed from the outside world. State structures and the role of the state overseeing issues regarding Islam and its practices, with attention to banned extremist groups, their specifics, and the country's experience of political violence in years 2011-12, as well as the state's response to the acts of violence, are discussed. Audience: The authors' analysis in this work results with a presentation to readers with a sober and genuine view of the security challenges stemming from radical Islam, in the context of identifying numerous barriers standing in the way of tipping the growing numbers of the Kazakhstan's youth into transnational radical Islamist movements. United States military leaders, national security strategists, law enforcement teams and task forces, policy analysts, lawmakers, and others concerned with the international youth experience and acts of violence, including terrorism, and suicide bombings taking place in Central Asia as they migrate into the radical Islamic movements will benefit from this volume. Students considering research about Islamic studies, International Politics, Global Affairs, National Security, and Psychology/Social Sciences degree programs that may address this topic may also find some insights from this text that explores the youth violence situation in Kazakhstan and its impact on the world. Other products pertaining to this topic that may be of interest include the following: Countering Radicalization and Recruitment to Al-Qaeda: Fighting the War of Deeds can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01113-3 United States Congressional Serial Set, Serial No. 15060, House Report No. 615, Al-Qaeda, the Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist Threat can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/552-109-00130-5 Al-Qaida After Ten Years of War: A Global Perspective of Successes, Failures, and Prospects --print format can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-055-00248-6 --ePub format can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/999-000-44442-9 Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency-- print format can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01573-3 --eBook format can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/999-000-44446-9 United States Code, 2012 Edition, V. 16, Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, Sections 2151-End can be found at this link: http: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/052-001-00633-0 New Approaches to Nonstate Armed Actors can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01066-8

Armed Groups

Armed Groups PDF
Author: Peter G. Thompson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442226544
Size: 13.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262
View: 1151

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In this age of asymmetric warfare, battles are fought more and more against armed groups of opponents such as terrorists, insurgents, or transnational criminal organizations. This text is the first to categorize armed groups and analyze their characteristics in a systematic way to provide a thorough overview of all types of armed groups and the role they play in today’s security environment. Drawing on international case studies and histories, the work analyzes the objectives, strategies, and internal composition of armed groups and the environments that foster them. It demonstrates that armed groups often behave in an “hybrid” fashion, be it the criminal actions terrorists groups take to fund their goals or the role terrorist actions play in criminal organizations. As such dividing lines blur, governments need to figure out how, where, and when these armed groups are operating in zones of conflict or peace, as well as their motivations, structures, and ultimate objectives. This thorough and groundbreaking study will provide students with a strategic view of who armed groups are, how to analyze them, and what geopolitical and geostrategic factors influence their origins and operations.

Blue Fish In A Dark Sea Police Intelligence In A Counterinsurgency

Blue Fish in a Dark Sea  Police Intelligence in a Counterinsurgency PDF
Author: Randall Wilson
Publisher: Legend Press Ltd
ISBN: 1789551404
Size: 79.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 181
View: 4102

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"The guerrilla must move amongst the people as a fish swims in the sea." Mao Tse-Tung claimed in On Guerilla Warfare that the guerrilla move seamlessly amongst the people. If the guerrilla are the fish and the people the sea, then police intelligence are the blue fish which live and hunt in that sea alongside them. All modern counterinsurgency theories rely on separating the people from the insurgent. But Randall Wilson's Blue Fish In A Dark Sea contends that the use of police intelligence will allow for a different approach; of separating the insurgent head from the insurgent body so that the body is seen by people as an infection, ridding it of a protective camouflage. The existence of police intelligence and its unique, but all too often marginalised capacity for uncovering and destroying the prime movers of an insurgency must be re-examined. It is by no means a panacea for civil strife but, as an integral component of a combined counterinsurgency strategy, it provides a weapon which is more feared by insurgents than any other. Knowing who they are and where they're hiding renders the insurgent visible and touchable. In Blue Fish In A Dark Sea: Police Intelligence in a Counterinsurgency, Wilson explores and discusses the various elements of police intelligence ubiquitous to the trade, and presents the most efficacious means of employing this skill set in the environment of a counterinsurgency.

Bank Secrecy Act Anti Money Laundering Examination Manual

Bank Secrecy Act Anti  Money Laundering Examination Manual PDF
Author: Federal Financial Institutions Examinati
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160927508
Size: 70.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 441
View: 2713

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NO FURTHER DISCOUNT ON THIS ITEM-- OVERSTOCK SALE-- Signficantly reduced list price while supplies last. This manual provides guidance to examiners for carrying out Bank Secrecy Act/ Anti- Money Laundering and Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) examinations. An effective Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering compliance program requires sound rish management. This manual also provides guidance on identifying and controlling risks associated with money laundering and terrorist financing. Al-Qaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist Threat, Report, June 2006 can be found here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/052-070-07483-3 Operationalizing Counter Threat Finance Strategies can be found at this link: http: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01131-1 Economic Security: Neglected Dimension of National Security can be found at this link: http: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01617-9 --also available as an ebook at this link: http: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/999-000-44440-9 Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency can be found at this link: http: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01573-3 CONTROLLED ITEMS REQUIRE SPECIAL ORDERING PROCEDURES-- Please see links to the US Government Online Bookstore to find out how to order Controlled items: Trade Based Money Laundering Reference Guide (English Language Edition) (Package of 5) (Controlled Item) is available here: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-001-00225-4 Trade Based Money Laundering Reference Guide (Spanish Language Edition) (package of 5) (Controlled Item) can be found hre: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-001-00226-2

Reconnecting State And Kinship

Reconnecting State and Kinship PDF
Author: Tatjana Thelen
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812249518
Size: 20.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1535

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Reconnecting State and Kinship seeks to overcome the traditional dichotomy between state and kinship, asking whether concepts associated with one sphere surface in the other, tracking the evolution of these concepts through time and space, and exploring how this binary is reinforced within the social sciences.

Transforming Us Intelligence For Irregular War

Transforming US Intelligence for Irregular War PDF
Author: Richard H. Shultz Jr.
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626167656
Size: 40.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 3767

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When Joint Special Operations Command deployed Task Force 714 to Iraq in 2003, it faced an adversary unlike any it had previously encountered: al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). AQI’s organization into multiple, independent networks and its application of Information Age technologies allowed it to wage war across a vast landscape. To meet this unique threat, TF 714 developed the intelligence capacity to operate inside those networks, and in the words of commander Gen. Stanley McChrystal, USA (Ret.) “claw the guts out of AQI.” In Transforming US Intelligence for Irregular War, Richard H. Shultz Jr. provides a broad discussion of the role of intelligence in combatting nonstate militants and revisits this moment of innovation during the Iraq War, showing how the defense and intelligence communities can adapt to new and evolving foes. Shultz tells the story of how TF 714 partnered with US intelligence agencies to dismantle AQI’s secret networks by eliminating many of its key leaders. He also reveals how TF 714 altered its methods and practices of intelligence collection, intelligence analysis, and covert paramilitary operations to suppress AQI’s growing insurgency and, ultimately, destroy its networked infrastructure. TF 714 remains an exemplar of successful organizational learning and adaptation in the midst of modern warfare. By examining its innovations, Shultz makes a compelling case for intelligence leading the way in future campaigns against nonstate armed groups.

New Architecture Of Regional Security In Africa

New Architecture of Regional Security in Africa PDF
Author: Usman A. Tar
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498574114
Size: 76.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520
View: 4922

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This book critically explores the emerging architecture of regional security in Africa with particular reference to counterterrorism and counterinsurgency in the Lake Chad Basin Region. In New Architecture of Regional Security in Africa, the contributors--scholars, policy-makers, and defense/security practitioners from both within and outside Africa--examine the evolution, dynamics, and working mechanisms for peace and security or emerging regional security architecture for regional security in the region. The volume will be essential reading for all academics, scholars, and researchers in academia and NGOs with interests in counterinsurgency and counterterrorism related issues in the Lake Chad Basin region. Additionally, the volume will also be useful for students of counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, small wars, terrorism and strategic studies, and defense and security studies. It will also provide invaluable reference material for policy practitioners working on the activities in the contemporary operating environment within the Lake Chad Basin region. This book offers innovative perspectives on the emerging architecture for regional security in Africa, with a focus on how member states of the Lake Chad Basin Commission are coping with the challenges of terrorism and insurgency. Edited by Usman A. Tar and Bashir Bala, the volume is the first to critically document regional security in the Lake Chad Basin.

Future Trends And New Approaches In Defeating The Terrorism Threat

Future Trends and New Approaches in Defeating the Terrorism Threat PDF
Author: IOS Press
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 161499272X
Size: 63.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 5369

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The threat of terrorism has become an ever present preoccupation, necessitating the constant review and updating of defensive strategies to counter it from national governments and policymakers. This book presents selected articles based on some of the lectures delivered at the NATO Centre of Excellence – Defence against Terrorism (COE – DAT) Advanced Training Course (ATC) Future Trends and New Approaches in Defeating the Terrorism Threat, held in Algiers, Algeria, in October 2011. Subjects covered by these articles include an overview of terrorism; respecting human rights in the countering of terrorism; suicide terrorism; terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction; bioterrorism; terrorism, media and public information; strategic communications in the defence against terrorism; the challenges posed by non-state armed groups; and sources of instability. This collection of articles will be of interest to all those involved in countering the threat of terrorism worldwide.

Handbook Of Defence Politics

Handbook of Defence Politics PDF
Author: Isaiah "Ike" Wilson III
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136639489
Size: 35.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 476
View: 2679

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Issues of defence politics and policy have long been at the forefront of political agendas and defining of international affairs. However, the dramatic changes to the global system that have taken place since the end of the Cold War and parrticularly since the terror attacks on the USA on 11 September 2001 have amplified the world's attention toward political and policy issues of national, regional and global security. The focus of this volume is on examining the fundamental causes of, and defence policy responses to this new 'post-9/11' security environment. Edited by Isaiah (Ike) Wilson III and James J. F. Forest of the US Military Academy, West Point, USA, this volume is international in scope, with pieces written by experts in the field, offering a collection of up-to-date and balanced insights on key contemporary issues of concern to defence policymakers. The book will be an invaluable reference tool for academics and students, researchers in international relations, policymakers, media professionals and government officials.

Strategic Culture And Violent Non State Actors

Strategic Culture and Violent Non State Actors PDF
Author: Edward D. Last
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000163725
Size: 53.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 3711

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This book applies strategic culture concepts to violent non-state actors (VNSAs) in a comparative analysis. In recent years, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has become notorious for kidnapping Western hostages in north-western Africa and for its role in the short-lived Islamist takeover of Mali. The group, formerly known as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, rebranded itself as an Al-Qaida franchise in 2007, leading to speculation of a change from its Algeria-centric agenda to an anti-Western one. This study compares and contrasts the ideas and behaviour of these two groups, using a strategic-cultural approach, and finds that, despite some commonalities, AQIM has a distinct strategic culture from Al-Qaida central, thereby debunking the notion of Al-Qaida as a monolithic movement. This is the first comparative analysis of violent non-state actors to employ a strategic-cultural approach and the first such study on AQIM. While strategic culture has traditionally been applied to states, this work adds to the emerging literature applying such approaches to non-state armed groups, and employs a novel conception of strategic culture consisting of narratives and practices. This book will be of much interest to students of strategic culture, political violence, Middle Eastern politics and Security Studies in general.

No Man S Land

No Man s Land PDF
Author: Justin V. Hastings
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801462223
Size: 65.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2634

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The increased ability of clandestine groups to operate with little regard for borders or geography is often taken to be one of the dark consequences of a brave new globalized world. Yet even for terrorists and smugglers, the world is not flat; states exert formidable control over the technologies of globalization, and difficult terrain poses many of the same problems today as it has throughout human history. In No Man's Land, Justin V. Hastings examines the complex relationship that illicit groups have with modern technology—and how and when geography still matters. Based on often difficult fieldwork in Southeast Asia, Hastings traces the logistics networks, command and control structures, and training programs of three distinct clandestine organizations: the terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, the insurgent Free Aceh Movement, and organized criminals in the form of smugglers and maritime pirates. Hastings also compares the experiences of these groups to others outside Southeast Asia, including al-Qaeda, the Tamil Tigers, and the Somali pirates. Through reportage, memoirs, government archives, interrogation documents, and interviews with people on both sides of the law, he finds that despite their differences, these organizations are constrained and shaped by territory and technology in similar ways. In remote or hostile environments, where access to the infrastructure of globalization is limited, clandestine groups must set up their own costly alternatives. Even when successful, Hastings concludes, criminal, insurgent and terrorist organizations are not nearly as mobile as pessimistic views of the sinister side of globalization might suggest.

The Routledge Companion To Humanitarian Action

The Routledge Companion to Humanitarian Action PDF
Author: Roger Mac Ginty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013934
Size: 65.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 458
View: 157

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The Companion on Humanitarian Action addresses the political, ethical, legal and practical issues which influence reactions to humanitarian crisis. It does so by exploring the daily dilemmas faced by a range of actors, including policy makers, aid workers, the private sector and the beneficiaries of aid and by challenging common perceptions regarding humanitarian crisis and the policies put in place to address these. Through such explorations, it provides practitioners and scholars with the knowledge needed to both understand and improve upon current forms of humanitarian action. The Companion will be of use to those interested a range of humanitarian programmes ranging from emergency medical assistance, military interventions, managing refugee flows and the implementation of international humanitarian law. As opposed to addressing specific programmes, it will explore five themes seen as relevant to understanding and engaging in all modes of humanitarian action. The first section explores varying interpretations of humanitarianism, including critical historical and political-economic explanations as well as more practice based explorations focused on notions needs assessments and evaluation. Following this, readers will be exposed to the latest debates on a range of humanitarian principles including neutrality and sovereignty, before exploring the key issues faced by the main actors involved in humanitarian crisis (from international NGOs to local community based organizations). The final two sections address what are seen as key dilemmas in regards to humanitarian action and emerging trends in the humanitarian system, including the increasing role of social media in responding to crises. Whilst not a ‘how to guide’, the Companion contains many practical insights for policy makers and aid workers, whilst also offering analytical insights for students of humanitarian action. Indeed, throughout the book, readers will come to the realization that understanding and improving humanitarian action simultaneously requires both active critical reflection and an acceptance of the urgency and timeliness of action that is required for humanitarian assistance to have an impact on vital human needs. Exploring a sector that is far from homogenous, both practitioners and scholars alike will find the contributions of this book offers them a deeper understanding of the motivations and mechanics of current interventions, but also insight into current changes and progress occurring in the field of humanitarian practice.

Deterring Rational Fanatics

Deterring Rational Fanatics PDF
Author: Alex S. Wilner
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812292049
Size: 70.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 2376

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Cold War-era strategic thinking was driven by the belief that individuals, organizations, and foreign states could be deterred from offensive action by the threat of reprisal. That assurance was shaken with the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; suddenly, it seemed that no threat was powerful enough to deter individuals or organizations that valued political objectives over their own lives and the lives of their members. More than a decade later, new research and theory are bringing deterrence back into currency as a viable counterterrorism strategy. Alex S. Wilner updates deterrence theory for conflict in the twenty-first century, arguing for its value against challengers such as rogue states, cyber warriors, and transnational terrorist organizations. Deterring Rational Fanatics provides a full-scale discussion of deterrence theory concepts and controversies, assessing the utility of relying on the logic of deterrence and coercion to counter contemporary terrorism. In particular, targeted killings directed against the Taliban of Afghanistan provide a vivid illustration of the impact deterrence can have on militant behavior: precision strikes that eliminate militant leaders represent a significant cost to planning and participating in political violence, a cost that can coerce, manipulate, and alter behavior. Though deterrence theory is not a panacea for terrorism, insurgency, or militancy, it can serve as a strategic guide for state responses; as Wilner shows, terrorist violence can indeed be deterred.

Transnational Terrorist Groups And International Criminal Law

Transnational Terrorist Groups and International Criminal Law PDF
Author: Anna Marie Brennan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351965689
Size: 72.17 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 4210

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Attacks by network-based transnational terrorist groups cause on average 25,000 deaths every year worldwide, with the law enforcement agencies of some states facing many challenges in bringing those responsible to justice. Despite various attempts to codify the law on transnational terrorism since the 1930s, a crime of transnational terrorism under international law remains contested, reflecting concerns regarding the relative importance of prosecuting members of transnational terrorist groups before the International Criminal Court. This book critically examines the limits of international criminal law in bringing members of transnational terrorist groups to justice in the context of changing methods of warfare, drawing from human rights, sociology, and best practices in international criminal justice. Drawing on organisational network theory, Anna Marie Brennan explores the nature of international crimes and assesses the potential for the International Criminal Court to prosecute and investigate alleged crimes perpetrated by members of transnational terrorist groups, paying particular attention to their modus operandi and organisational structure. This book argues that because of the network-based organisational structure of some transnational terrorist groups, achieving justice for victims will prove challenging, in the context of the relationship between the commanders and the subordinate members of the group requiring a re-evaluation of accountability mechanisms at the international level. In advancing an innovative perspective on the accountability of members of transnational terrorist groups, and in offering solutions to current challenges, the book will be of great interest and use to academic, practitioners, and students engaged in the study of terrorism, the ICC, or international humanitarian law.

Civil Military Relations In International Interventions

Civil Military Relations in International Interventions PDF
Author: Karsten Friis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000037975
Size: 29.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 4916

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This book examines military and civilian actors in international interventions and offers a new analytical framework to apply on such interventions. While it is frequently claimed that success in international interventions hinges largely on military–civilian coherence, cooperation has proven challenging to achieve in practice. This book examines why this is the case, by analysing various approaches employed by military and civilian actors and discussing the different relationships between the intervening actors and those upon whom they have intervened. The work analyses different military concepts, such as peacekeeping and counterinsurgency, and the often-troubled relationship between the humanitarian and military intervening actors. It presents a new analytical framework to examine these relationships based on identification theory, which illuminates how the interveners represent those they have been deployed to engage, as well as their own identity and role. As such the book offers an enhanced understanding of the challenges related to civil-military cooperation in international interventions, as well as a theoretical contribution to the study of interventions, more generally. This book will be of much interest to students of international interventions, military studies, peacekeeping, security studies and International Relations.