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Democratic Transformation And Obstruction

Democratic Transformation and Obstruction PDF
Author: Nelli Babayan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750624
Size: 71.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 4779

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Although "democracy promotion" has become a popular term for policy makers and scholars, democratization is rarely a smooth or linear transition. While some countries quickly democratize, others lag behind despite a long period of democracy promotion activities. Furthermore, while democracy promotion itself has been widely studied, there is a paucity of literature available assessing the outcome or the impact of democracy promotion. This book investigates democracy promotion by the European Union and the United States of America, and seeks to uncover why intensive democracy promotion has resulted in limited democratic progress. Exploring case studies of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, this book examines the conditions in which democracy promotion is more likely to result in democratic transformation. In addition, it introduces the concept of the "democracy blocker," a powerful authoritarian regional actor that is capable of blocking democratization in other countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Political Science, Democracy, Democratization, EU Studies, US Politics, Comparative Politics, and Foreign Policy.

Democratic Transformation And Obstruction

Democratic Transformation and Obstruction PDF
Author: Nelli Babayan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750616
Size: 13.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 393

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Although "democracy promotion" has become a popular term for policy makers and scholars, democratization is rarely a smooth or linear transition. While some countries quickly democratize, others lag behind despite a long period of democracy promotion activities. Furthermore, while democracy promotion itself has been widely studied, there is a paucity of literature available assessing the outcome or the impact of democracy promotion. This book investigates democracy promotion by the European Union and the United States of America, and seeks to uncover why intensive democracy promotion has resulted in limited democratic progress. Exploring case studies of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, this book examines the conditions in which democracy promotion is more likely to result in democratic transformation. In addition, it introduces the concept of the "democracy blocker," a powerful authoritarian regional actor that is capable of blocking democratization in other countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Political Science, Democracy, Democratization, EU Studies, US Politics, Comparative Politics, and Foreign Policy.

Regime Of Obstruction

Regime of Obstruction PDF
Author: William K. Carroll
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
ISBN: 1771992891
Size: 15.67 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 528
View: 1366

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Rapidly rising carbon emissions from the intense development of Western Canada’s fossil fuels continue to aggravate the global climate emergency and destabilize democratic structures. The urgency of the situation demands not only scholarly understanding, but effective action. Regime of Obstruction aims to make visible the complex connections between corporate power and the extraction and use of carbon energy. Edited by William Carroll, this rigorous collection presents research findings from the first three years of the seven-year, SSHRC-funded partnership, the Corporate Mapping Project. Anchored in sociological and political theory, this comprehensive volume provides hard data and empirical research that traces the power and influence of the fossil fuel industry through economics, politics, media, and higher education. Contributors demonstrate how corporations secure popular consent, and coopt, disorganize, or marginalize dissenting perspectives to position the fossil fuel industry as a national public good. They also investigate the difficult position of Indigenous communities who, while suffering the worst environmental and health impacts from carbon extraction, must fight for their land or participate in fossil capitalism to secure income and jobs. The volume concludes with a look at emergent forms of activism and resistance, spurred by the fact that a just energy transition is still feasible. This book provides essential context to the climate crisis and will transform discussions of energy democracy. Contributions by Laurie Adkin, Angele Alook, Clifford Atleo, Emilia Belliveau-Thompson, John Bermingham, Paul Bowles, Gwendolyn Blue, Shannon Daub, Jessica Dempsey, Emily Eaton, Chuka Ejeckam, Simon Enoch, Nick Graham, Shane Gunster, Mark Hudson, Jouke Huizer, Ian Hussey, Emma Jackson, Michael Lang, James Lawson, Marc Lee, Fiona MacPhail, Alicia Massie, Kevin McCartney, Bob Neubauer, Eric Pineault, Lise Margaux Rajewicz, James Rowe, JP Sapinsky, Karena Shaw, and Zoe Yunker.

Democracy Promotion And The Challenges Of Illiberal Regional Powers

Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers PDF
Author: Nelli Babayan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131722518X
Size: 71.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 165
View: 3849

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This book examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. It is argued that Western powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This volume examines in detail the challenges by three illiberal regional powers —?China, Russia?and Saudi Arabia?— to Western (US and?EU) efforts at democracy promotion. The contributions specifically analyze their actions in Ethiopia and Angola in the case of China, Georgia and Ukraine in the case of Russia, and Tunisia in the case of Saudi Arabia. Democratic powers such as the US or the EU usually prefer stability over human rights and democracy. If democratic movements threaten stability in a region, neither the US nor the EU supports them. As to illiberal powers, they are generally not that different from their democratic counterparts. They also prefer stability over turmoil. Neither Russia?nor China?nor Saudi Arabia explicitly promote autocracy. Instead, they seek to suppress democratic movements in their periphery the minute these groups threaten their security interests or are perceived to endanger their regime survival. This was previously published as a special issue of Democratization.

Democratization And Democracy In South Korea 1960 Present

Democratization and Democracy in South Korea  1960   Present PDF
Author: Hyug Baeg Im
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9789811537028
Size: 34.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 849

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This book analyses democratization and democracy in South Korea since 1960. The book starts with an analysis of the distinctive characteristics of bureaucratic authoritarianism and how democratic transition had been possible after inconclusive and protracted “tug of war” between authoritarian regime and democratic opposition. It then goes on to explore what the opportunities and constraints to the new democracy are to be a consolidated democracy, how new democracy had changed the industrial relations in the post-transition period, how premodern political culture such as Confucian patrimonialism and familism had obstructed democratic consolidation, and the improvement of quality of democracy. The author compares empirically, from the perspective of a comparative political scientist, political regime superiority of democracy over authoritarianism with regard to economic development. He concludes that “democratic incompetence” theory has been proven wrong and, in South Korea, democracy has performed better than authoritarian regimes in terms of economic growth with equity, employment, distribution of income, trade balance, and inflation. This book will benefit political scientists, development economists, labor economists, religious sociologists, military sociologists, and historians focusing on East Asian history.

Ideological Conflict In Nepal

Ideological Conflict in Nepal PDF
Author: Than Bahadur Chhetri
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656077789
Size: 23.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 9
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Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, Prithvi Narayan Campus (P.N.Campus, Pokhara, Nepal), course: none , language: English, abstract: The ideological conflicts among individuals, groups, political parties or nations occur in the process of acquiring power, position and prestige for safeguard their interests. Discussion on ideological conflicts and structural contradictions among principal actors in achieving national goal of peace and constitution has shown that their intra and inter party conflict, undemocratic behaviour, problem in ideological transformation of Maoists have obstructed the task of democratic transformation. The difficulty to democratic transition is ethnic identity rather than ideological conflict. This may determine the ideology of new regime, structure of authority, and federal values and roles of hardcore Maoists.

Politics And Democracy In Microstates

Politics and Democracy in Microstates PDF
Author: Wouter Veenendaal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317646576
Size: 13.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 6447

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Why are small states statistically more likely to have a democratic political system? By addressing this question from a qualitative and comparative methodological angle, this book analyses the effects of a small population size on political competition and participation. By comparing the four microstates of San Marino (Europe), St. Kitts and Nevis (Caribbean), Seychelles (Africa), and Palau (Oceania), it provides fresh and stimulating insight, concluding that the political dynamics of microstates are not as democratic as commonly believed. Instead, it is found in all four cases that smallness results in personalistic politics, dominance of the political executive, patron-client relations between citizens and politicians, and the circumvention of formal political institutions. In addition, the book suggests that the study of formal institutions provides an incomplete image of microstate democracy and that informal characteristics of politics in microstates also need to be explored in order to better explain the influence of smallness on democracy. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of democracy, democratization, regional and decentralization studies and comparative politics.

Democratizing Central And Eastern Europe

Democratizing Central and Eastern Europe PDF
Author: Luca Tomini
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317566750
Size: 13.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 2409

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At first, it was believed that accession to the EU would have a positive effect on the process of democratization in former communist countries. However, over time it became clear that difficulties with the democratic system endured in a number of these countries. This book reconsiders the results of the process of democratization in Central and Eastern Europe and evaluates the nature and effectiveness of the Europeanization process. It comparatively explores the process of democratic consolidation and accession to the European Union in Poland, Slovakia and Bulgaria. Using these case studies, the book assesses the impact of the EU on the accountability and integrity of governments in this part of Europe. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of democratization studies, European studies, EU studies, transition studies, area studies, and international relations.

Democratization In Eu Foreign Policy

Democratization in EU Foreign Policy PDF
Author: Benedetta Berti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317502434
Size: 26.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 4549

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New democracies are uniquely positioned to promote democratic values and have a competitive advantage in the global democracy assistance industry. This book examines the attempts of one group of young democracies, from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), to channel this pro-democracy agenda into both national and European foreign policy and development support. It looks at how CEE is ‘upstream’ changing the EU on crucial policy issues as part of the common foreign and security policy. Furthermore, it tracks the process whereby imported ideas and norms are recycled for further export ‘downstream’, and how these concepts are received in countries outside of the EU including the post-Soviet space, the Western Balkans, the Middle East and North Africa region and Central Asia. This text will be of key interest to scholars, students and practitioners of democratisation studies, European Union studies, comparative politics, international relations, international development, European politics, as well as area/regional studies.

Transatlantic Democracy Assistance

Transatlantic Democracy Assistance PDF
Author: Jan Hornat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429788576
Size: 69.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 2732

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The approaches of EU institutions and the US to democracy assistance often vary quite significantly as both actors choose different means and tactics. The nuances in the understandings of democracy on the part of the EU and the US lead to their promotion of models of democratic governance that are often quite divergent and, in some respects, clashing. This book examines the sources of this divergence and by focusing on the role of the actors’ "democratic identity" it aims to explain the observation that both actors use divergent strategies and instruments to foster democratic governance in third countries. Taking a constructivist view, it demonstrates that the history, expectations and experiences with democracy of each actor significantly inform their respective definition of democracy and thus the model of democracy they promote abroad. This book will be of key interest to scholars, students and practitioners in democracy promotion, democratization, political theory, EU and US foreign policy and assistance, and identity research.