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Developmental Disorders Of The Frontostriatal System

Developmental Disorders of the Frontostriatal System PDF
Author: John L. Bradshaw
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317710096
Size: 11.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : MEDICAL
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 4467

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In this book, the author discusses a range of common neurodevelopmental disorders affecting young people - autism, depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, Tourette's Syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder - from the unique perspective of their proposed common origin in the function and dysfunction of the brain's frontostriatal system. Throughout the book, the author systematically compares and contrasts them from a biological, clinical and evolutionary standpoint, viewing them as extensions of normal personality attributes, which, in less extreme form, may possess certain behavioural advantages, explaining their persistence in the general population. The result is a unique, up-to-date, and wide-ranging discussion of these disorders that draws upon biology, genetics, neuropsychology, neuropathology, neuroimaging, and clinical presentation and treatment. It will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and practitioners in neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry, psychiatry, and clinical psychology.

Developmental Disorders Of The Brain

Developmental Disorders of the Brain PDF
Author: Nicole J. Rinehart
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317432665
Size: 75.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 6340

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Developmental Disorders of the Brain: Brain and Behaviour addresses disabilities that occur or have their roots in the early, developmental phase of life which are of utmost concern to parents, siblings, carers and teachers. This text describes the latest clinical and behavioral findings of disorders which largely or entirely involve the frontostriatal (basal ganglia) system including Tourette’s, Obsessive-Compulsive and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity disorders, Schizophrenia, Autism, gambling and addiction, depression, and Conduct, Developmental Motor Co-ordination, and language disorders. Examples of disorders involving the frontocerebellar are also described such as Asperger’s disorder, Williams, Fragile X, and Cerebellar Cognitive Affective syndromes, and Friedreich Ataxia. This book also discusses the relevant anatomy, physiology and pathology, and some of the major functions mediated by affected or relevant structures, together with accounts of the latest recording, brain imaging and stimulating techniques related to these kinds of disorders. Covering both frontostriatal and frontocerebellar, systems which control and direct normal behavior, and which can fail with often distressing consequences during development, as well as addressing behavioural, clinical, pathophysiological and technical aspects, this text is vital to understanding, diagnosis and management of developmental disorders of the brain. This text will be of great interest to clinicians, researchers, teachers and parents.

Lehrbuch Der Kinder Und Jugendpsychiatrie

Lehrbuch der Kinder  und Jugendpsychiatrie PDF
Author: Gerd Lehmkuhl
Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag
ISBN: 3840918715
Size: 38.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : de
Pages : 1534
View: 2468

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Wie entstehen psychische Störungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter? Welche Faktoren erhalten die Störungen aufrecht? Welche Verlaufsformen gibt es? Das Wissen um pathogenetische Hintergründe von psychischen Störungen hat in den letzten Jahren erheblich zugenommen. Diagnostische und therapeutische Ansätze wurden immer mehr ausdifferenziert und mündeten in evidenzbasierten Leitlinien. Das Lehrbuch stellt aktuelle und umfassende Informationen zur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie dar und arbeitet wichtige Perspektiven und Entwicklungstendenzen des Fachgebietes heraus. Ein Team aus deutschsprachigen und amerikanischen Autoren gibt in diesem Lehrbuch einen Überblick über die theoretischen Grundlagen und pathogenetischen Konzepte der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, stellt die diagnostischen Methoden dar und informiert über Klassifikation und Dokumentationssysteme sowie über Versorgungsstrategien. Ausführlich werden relevante psychiatrische Störungsbilder, umschriebene Entwicklungsstörungen sowie spezifische Symptome behandelt. Dazu werden jeweils die Ursachen, Diagnostik und die therapeutischen Strategien bei den einzelnen Erkrankungen dargestellt. Das Lehrbuch wendet sich an Mediziner in der Ausbildung zum Kinder- und Jugendpsychiater, an Studierende der Medizin und Psychologie sowie an alle Berufsgruppen, die sich mit der Diagnostik und Therapie von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit psychischen Störungen beschäftigen.

Who S Who In Australia 2008

Who s who in Australia 2008 PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 54.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Australia
Languages : en
Pages : 2303
View: 5491

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A biographic reference to notable people in Australia. Entrants are drawn from all areas of Australian life, including the arts, politics, education, medicine, defence, business, diplomatic service, and recipients of honours and awards.

Handbook Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Handbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PDF
Author: Michael Fitzgerald
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470032152
Size: 45.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 536
View: 2212

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent childhood psychiatric disorders of our time. The condition is defined by levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that are in impairing and developmentally inappropriate. Increasingly, there is a growing appreciation that for many individuals the disorder may persist into adulthood and be associated with significant social and economic burden. Conditions, such as ADHD, that are manifestly heterogeneous in terms of their clinical presentation, underlying neurobiology and treatment response, must be tackled on multiple fronts. This Handbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder provides a state of the art position on each of these fronts from leading clinicians and researchers from around the world. Broad in its scope and comprehensive in its detail, this book should be as useful to the student as it is to the experienced clinician or researcher.

Teaching Tough Kids

Teaching Tough Kids PDF
Author: Mark Le Messurier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135176426
Size: 66.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4364

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Highlighting the value of positive, affective connection with students this practical book presents emotionally connecting ideas to sustain the organisational and behavioural transformations of all students, especially those who 'do it tough'.

Self And Social Regulation

Self  and Social Regulation PDF
Author: Bryan Sokol
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199716633
Size: 29.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 472
View: 7707

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This volume is a valuable resource for student and professional researchers interested in executive function, emotion, and social development.

Out Of Body And Near Death Experiences

Out of Body and Near Death Experiences PDF
Author: Michael N. Marsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199571503
Size: 39.23 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 3390

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Discrediting 'mystical' or 'psychical' interpretations of out-of-body and near-death experiences, Michael Marsh demonstrates how these phenomena are explicable in terms of brain neurophysiology and its neuropathological disturbances, and discusses the theological and philosophical implications of his hypotheses.

Neuropsychology Of Art

Neuropsychology of Art PDF
Author: Dahlia W. Zaidel
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134952147
Size: 43.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2778

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The significance of art in human existence has long been a source of puzzlement, fascination, and mystery. In Neuropsychology of Art, Dahlia W. Zaidel explores the brain regions and neuronal systems that support artistic creativity, talent, and appreciation. Both the visual and musical arts are discussed against a neurological background. Evidence from the latest relevant brain research is presented and critically examined in an attempt to clarify the brain-art relationship, language processing and visuo-spatial perception. The consequences of perceptual problems in famous artists, along with data from autistic savants and established artists with brain damage as a result of unilateral stroke, dementia, or other neurological conditions, are brought into consideration and the effects of damage to specific regions of the brain explored. A major compilation of rare cases of artists with brain damage is provided and the cognitive abilities required for the neuropsychology of art reviewed. This book draws on interdisciplinary principles from the biology of art, brain evolution, anthropology, and the cinema through to the question of beauty, language, perception, and hemispheric specialization. It will be of interest to advanced students in neuro-psychology, neuroscience and neurology, to clinicians and all researchers and scholars interested in the workings of the human brain.

Subcortical Structures And Cognition

Subcortical Structures and Cognition PDF
Author: Leonard F. Koziol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387848686
Size: 28.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 405
View: 2462

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Clinical psychologists and neuropsychologists are traditionally taught that cognition is mediated by the cortex and that subcortical brain regions mediate the coordination of movement. However, this argument can easily be challenged based upon the anatomic organization of the brain. The relationship between the prefrontal cortex/frontal lobes and basal ganglia is characterized by loops from these anterior brain regions to the striatum, the globus pallidus, and the thalamus, and then back to the frontal cortex. There is also a cerebrocerebellar system defined by projections from the cerebral cortex to the pontine nuclei, to the cerebellar cortex and deep cerebellar nuclei, to the red nucleus and then back to thalamus and cerebral cortex, including all regions of the frontal lobes. Therefore, both the cortical-striatal and cortical-cerebellar projections are anatomically defined as re-entrant systems that are obviously in a position to influence not only motor behavior, but also cognition and affect. This represents overwhelming evidence based upon neuroanatomy alone that subcortical regions play a role in cognition. The first half of this book defines the functional neuroanatomy of cortical-subcortical circuitries and establishes that since structure is related to function, what the basal ganglia and cerebellum do for movement they also do for cognition and emotion. The second half of the book examines neuropsychological assessment. Patients with lesions restricted to the cerebellum and/or basal ganglia have been described as exhibiting a variety of cognitive deficits on neuropsychological tests. Numerous investigations have demonstrated that higher-level cognitive functions such as attention, executive functioning, language, visuospatial processing, and learning and memory are affected by subcortical pathologies. There is also considerable evidence that the basal ganglia and cerebellum play a critical role in the regulation of affect and emotion. These brain regions are an integral part of the brain’s executive system. The ability to apply new methodologies clinically is essential in the evaluation of disorders with subcortical pathology, including various developmental disorders (broadly defined to include learning disorders and certain psychiatric conditions), for the purpose of gaining greater understanding of these conditions and developing appropriate methodologies for treatment. The book is organized around three sources of evidence: neuroanatomical connections; patients with various disease processes; experimental studies, including various imaging techniques. These three sources of data present compelling evidence that the basal ganglia and cerebellum are involved in cognition, affect, and emotion. The question is no longer if these subcortical regions are involved in these processes, but instead, how they are involved. The book is also organized around two basic concepts: (1) the functional neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia and the cerebellum; and (2) how this relates to behavior and neuropsychological testing. Cognitive neuroscience is entering a new era as we recognize the roles of subcortical structures in the modulation of cognition. The fields of neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychiatry, and neurology are all developing in the direction of understanding the roles of subcortical structures in behavior. This book is informative while defining the need and direction for new paradigms and methodologies for neuropsychological assessment.