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Developmental Disorders Of The Frontostriatal System

Developmental Disorders of the Frontostriatal System PDF
Author: John L. Bradshaw
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317710096
Size: 57.50 MB
Format: PDF
Category : MEDICAL
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 2967

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In this book, the author discusses a range of common neurodevelopmental disorders affecting young people - autism, depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, Tourette's Syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder - from the unique perspective of their proposed common origin in the function and dysfunction of the brain's frontostriatal system. Throughout the book, the author systematically compares and contrasts them from a biological, clinical and evolutionary standpoint, viewing them as extensions of normal personality attributes, which, in less extreme form, may possess certain behavioural advantages, explaining their persistence in the general population. The result is a unique, up-to-date, and wide-ranging discussion of these disorders that draws upon biology, genetics, neuropsychology, neuropathology, neuroimaging, and clinical presentation and treatment. It will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and practitioners in neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry, psychiatry, and clinical psychology.

Developmental Disorders Of The Brain

Developmental Disorders of the Brain PDF
Author: Nicole J. Rinehart
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317432665
Size: 62.97 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 3022

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Developmental Disorders of the Brain: Brain and Behaviour addresses disabilities that occur or have their roots in the early, developmental phase of life which are of utmost concern to parents, siblings, carers and teachers. This text describes the latest clinical and behavioral findings of disorders which largely or entirely involve the frontostriatal (basal ganglia) system including Tourette’s, Obsessive-Compulsive and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity disorders, Schizophrenia, Autism, gambling and addiction, depression, and Conduct, Developmental Motor Co-ordination, and language disorders. Examples of disorders involving the frontocerebellar are also described such as Asperger’s disorder, Williams, Fragile X, and Cerebellar Cognitive Affective syndromes, and Friedreich Ataxia. This book also discusses the relevant anatomy, physiology and pathology, and some of the major functions mediated by affected or relevant structures, together with accounts of the latest recording, brain imaging and stimulating techniques related to these kinds of disorders. Covering both frontostriatal and frontocerebellar, systems which control and direct normal behavior, and which can fail with often distressing consequences during development, as well as addressing behavioural, clinical, pathophysiological and technical aspects, this text is vital to understanding, diagnosis and management of developmental disorders of the brain. This text will be of great interest to clinicians, researchers, teachers and parents.

Brain Lateralization And Developmental Disorders

Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders PDF
Author: Ivanka V. Asenova
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351376020
Size: 37.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 966

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Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders provides a comprehensive review of key findings and speculations from previous research on atypical cerebral lateralization in the most common neurodevelopmental disorders: stuttering, dyslexia, autism and intellectual disability. Emphasis is placed on recent studies, as well as descriptions of the author’s personal research which will provide a promising new direction for future research on these issues. In this text, Asenova presents four separate studies aiming to examine hemispheric asymmetries in neurodevelopmental disorders. These include the subtypes of developmental stuttering, the subtypes of developmental dyslexia, mild, non-syndromic intellectual disability with comorbid speech and language deficits and autism spectrum disorder with comorbid severe language impairment. The use of uniform research methods, including dichotic verbal perception tasks and lateral preference performance tests, has led to findings that suggest that this new approach could be a key factor in overcoming the ambiguity of findings from previous studies. By focusing on the discussion of key issues concerning the role of atypical laterality in the genesis of neurodevelopmental psychopathology in both past research and Asenova’s own studies, Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders is a valuable reading for students and researchers in neurodevelopmental psychopathology, as well as in developmental neuropsychology and developmental neuroscience.

Degenerative Disorders Of The Brain

Degenerative Disorders of the Brain PDF
Author: Darren R. Hocking
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351208896
Size: 17.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 266
View: 7023

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Covering a wide range of diverse age-related disorders, Degenerative Disorders of the Brain addresses disabilities that occur or have their roots in the later stages of life. The book brings together an internationally recognised group of contributors to discuss frontostriatal, fronto-cerebellar and other major brain systems and structures which control and direct normal behaviour, and which can fail during the aging process, as well as addressing behavioural, clinical, pathophysiological and technical aspects. Discussing the latest clinical and behavioural findings of disorders which are largely, though not necessarily entirely, age related, including Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, Parkinson’s disease and related disorders, and Huntington’s disease, the book covers information vital to the understanding, diagnosis, and management of degenerative disorders of the brain. It also considers the role of epigenetics, neural plasticity, and environmental enrichment in neurodegenerative disorders alongside the role of ground-breaking intervention methods, including transcranial magnetic stimulation and deep brain stimulation. Degenerative Disorders of the Brain will be of great interest to, and use for, clinicians, researchers, students, lecturers, and affected individuals and their relatives.

International Encyclopedia Of Public Health

International Encyclopedia of Public Health PDF
Author: William C Cockerham
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128037083
Size: 54.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 4470
View: 408

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International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues

Lehrbuch Der Kinder Und Jugendpsychiatrie

Lehrbuch der Kinder  und Jugendpsychiatrie PDF
Author: Gerd Lehmkuhl
Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag
ISBN: 3840918715
Size: 78.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : de
Pages : 1534
View: 7578

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Wie entstehen psychische Störungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter? Welche Faktoren erhalten die Störungen aufrecht? Welche Verlaufsformen gibt es? Das Wissen um pathogenetische Hintergründe von psychischen Störungen hat in den letzten Jahren erheblich zugenommen. Diagnostische und therapeutische Ansätze wurden immer mehr ausdifferenziert und mündeten in evidenzbasierten Leitlinien. Das Lehrbuch stellt aktuelle und umfassende Informationen zur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie dar und arbeitet wichtige Perspektiven und Entwicklungstendenzen des Fachgebietes heraus. Ein Team aus deutschsprachigen und amerikanischen Autoren gibt in diesem Lehrbuch einen Überblick über die theoretischen Grundlagen und pathogenetischen Konzepte der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, stellt die diagnostischen Methoden dar und informiert über Klassifikation und Dokumentationssysteme sowie über Versorgungsstrategien. Ausführlich werden relevante psychiatrische Störungsbilder, umschriebene Entwicklungsstörungen sowie spezifische Symptome behandelt. Dazu werden jeweils die Ursachen, Diagnostik und die therapeutischen Strategien bei den einzelnen Erkrankungen dargestellt. Das Lehrbuch wendet sich an Mediziner in der Ausbildung zum Kinder- und Jugendpsychiater, an Studierende der Medizin und Psychologie sowie an alle Berufsgruppen, die sich mit der Diagnostik und Therapie von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit psychischen Störungen beschäftigen.

Handbuch Der Psychopharmakotherapie

Handbuch der Psychopharmakotherapie PDF
Author: Florian Holsboer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540687483
Size: 40.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : de
Pages : 1185
View: 3694

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Endlich ein großes Psychopharmakologie-Werk, das der Wichtigkeit der medikamentösen Therapie in der Psychiatrie gerecht wird. In kaum einem anderen Fach ist die Wahl des "richtigen" Medikaments schwieriger. Die Entwicklung neuer Substanzen geht in beeindruckendem Tempo voran. Dieses Grundlagenwerk beantwortet alle Fragen: Grundlagen, Physiologie der Nervenzellen, Prinzipien neuronaler Signalketten, u.v.a. Mit ausführlichen Kapiteln zu allen Präparategruppen, sämtlichen Störungen, speziellen Aspekten. Für Akutsituationen, forensische Aspekte, bei internistischen/neurologischen Erkrankungen, für alle Altersgruppen, Schwangerschaft und Stillzeit.

Neurology And Clinical Neuroscience E Book

Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience E Book PDF
Author: Anthony H. V. Schapira
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323070531
Size: 70.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1664
View: 2177

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This brand-new text provides you with an easy-to-use, comprehensive reference that features a clinical perspective balanced with relevant basic science. Inside, you'll find discussions of the latest research and how it has led to a greater understanding of the cause of disease, as well as burgeoning tests and the latest therapeutic agents available. From Alzheimer's disease to vestibular system disorders, you'll find the practical guidance you need to diagnose effectively and provide an appropriate therapeutic approach for each individual case. Plus, a templated, four-color design offers you easy access to pertinent information Integrates basic science with clinical neurology to help you better understand neurologic diseases and provide the most accurate diagnosis and best treatment plan for each patient. Discusses the latest research results and offers new information on treatment options. Features the expertise of international authorities, providing a worldwide perspective. Uses a templated, four-color format that makes information accessible and easy to understand—particularly the basic science concepts.

Maternal Dha Impact On Child Neurodevelopment

Maternal DHA Impact on Child Neurodevelopment PDF
Author: Asim K. Duttaroy
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3036516166
Size: 66.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 116
View: 7656

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In this Special Issue, we focus on maternal docosahexaenoic acid, 22:6n-3 (DHA), and arachidonic acid, 20:4n-6 (ARA), on children’s neurodevelopment. During the last trimester of gestation and for the first 18 months after birth, both DHA and ARA are preferentially deposited within the cerebral cortex at a rapid rate. The mode of action of these two fatty acids and their derivatives at different structural–functional roles, and their levels in the signaling pathways of the brain have been continuously studied. These fatty acids are also involved in various brain developmental processes; however, their mechanistic cross talks are not yet clearly known. Recent data suggest that there may be a need for a balanced proportion of ARA and DHA in infant formula due to their complementary benefits. This review describes the importance of ARA in addition to DHA to support optimal brain development and growth in an infant, and functional roles in the brain.

P Dagogik Bei Geistigen Behinderungen

P  dagogik bei geistigen Behinderungen PDF
Author: Heinz Muehl
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 9783170184374
Size: 36.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : de
Pages : 576
View: 3825

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Das Buch bietet eine grundlegende Einfuhrung in die padagogischen Konzepte und Hilfen fur Kinder, Jugendliche und Erwachsene mit geistiger Behinderung. Einleitend werden die Geschichte und das System der Geistigbehindertenhilfe in Deutschland behandelt. Dann werden der Begriff und das Phanomen geistige Behinderung aus padagogischer, psychologischer, soziologischer und medizinischer Perspektive beleuchtet. Neben der Fruhforderung und Diagnostik finden die Leitkonzepte der Padagogik bei geistiger Behinderung sowie die schulische und ausserschulische Forderung eine eingehende Darstellung. Weitere Kapitel widmen sich Methoden und Konzepten der Intervention, Forderung und Therapie. Ein Ausblick auf internationale Entwicklungen, auf interdisziplinare Ansatze und auf ethische Perspektiven des Fachs rundet den Band ab.

Abnormal Psychology And Life A Dimensional Approach

Abnormal Psychology and Life  A Dimensional Approach PDF
Author: Chris Kearney
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 130516279X
Size: 26.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 640
View: 603

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Chris Kearney and Tim Trull's ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY AND LIFE: A DIMENSIONAL APPROACH provides students with a concise, contemporary, science-based view of psychopathology that emphasizes the individual first and the disorder second. Through consistent pedagogy featuring clinical cases and real first-person narratives, the text illuminates our understanding that abnormal behavior--rather than being either present or absent--exists in everyone to some degree on a continuum from normal to pathological. By highlighting this widely accepted dimensional view--which places the behavior of an individual at the forefront of clinical assessment, prevention, definition, and treatment--the text's goal is to encourage students to become intelligent consumers of mental health information. With its emphasis on assessment and treatment as well as prevention, the book gives students the tools necessary to understand the precursors of abnormal behavior, overcome the stigma associated with it, and identify the real people classified as exhibiting it. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Adult Learning Disorders

Adult Learning Disorders PDF
Author: Lorraine E. Wolf
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136874801
Size: 28.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 4326

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Recent advances in neuroimaging and genetics technologies have enhanced our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders in adults. The authors in this volume not only discuss such advances as they apply to adults with learning disorders, but also address their translation into clinical practice. One cluster of chapters addresses developmental concerns as children and adolescents with learning disorders approach young adulthood. Experts discuss dyslexia, language-based and writing disorders, perhaps the most widely studied group of learning disorders, from the point of view of neuroimaging and genetic underpinnings. Chapters on the neuroscience of nonverbal, math and executive function disorders are also included. Clinically-oriented chapters with case studies, recommendations for accommodation, and considerations for evaluation follow. Study of specialized populations - such as late high school students, college, medical and law students - further demonstrate how our expanded knowledge base may be applicable to clinical practice. The heterogeneity of adults with learning disorders, the complexity of their clinical presentation and co-existing disorders are addressed from both a scientific and clinical point of view demonstrating how empirical research and clinical practice inform each other. This volume will enhance the practice of clinicians and educators working with adults with neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as providing essential current information for researchers of adults with learning disorders.

Casebook Of Clinical Neuropsychology

Casebook of Clinical Neuropsychology PDF
Author: Joel E. Morgan
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195374258
Size: 35.10 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 687
View: 6598

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Casebook of Clinical Neuropsychology features actual clinical cases drawn from leading experts in the field.

A Guide To Neuropsychological Testing For Health Care Professionals

A Guide to Neuropsychological Testing for Health Care Professionals PDF
Author: Eric R. Arzubi, MD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826144164
Size: 53.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 7537

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Neuropsychological assessments are now widely used to identify learning disabilities and shape educational interventions. However, many special education teachers, speech therapists, lawyers, pediatricians, psychiatrists, rehabilitation counselors, and a host of other "helping" professions know very little about how to interpret and act on information contained in neuropsychological assessments. The neuropsychological evaluations discussed in this text help shed light on a wide variety of psychiatric and medical conditions, including learning disabilities, severe and persistent mental illness, traumatic brain injury, neuropsychiatric disorders with accompanying chronic cognitive deficits, and acquired or congenital neurological conditions. This book emphasizes the breadth and depth of neuropsychological assessments and the many practical uses they have, such as treatment planning, diagnosis, interventions, and many more. The authors offer practical guidance on neuropsychological testing and assessment across the lifespan, from pediatric through geriatric patients. The book is designed specifically for those professionals with little to no training in neuropsychology that need to apply knowledge gleaned from neuropsychological assessments. Key topics discussed: Neuropsychological testing and psychoanalysis Using neuropsychological instruments in school settings: possibilities and limitations Using neuropsychological information in vocational rehabilitation planning Neuropsychology and speech/language therapy

Handbook Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Handbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PDF
Author: Michael Fitzgerald
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470032152
Size: 33.67 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 536
View: 3977

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent childhood psychiatric disorders of our time. The condition is defined by levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that are in impairing and developmentally inappropriate. Increasingly, there is a growing appreciation that for many individuals the disorder may persist into adulthood and be associated with significant social and economic burden. Conditions, such as ADHD, that are manifestly heterogeneous in terms of their clinical presentation, underlying neurobiology and treatment response, must be tackled on multiple fronts. This Handbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder provides a state of the art position on each of these fronts from leading clinicians and researchers from around the world. Broad in its scope and comprehensive in its detail, this book should be as useful to the student as it is to the experienced clinician or researcher.

Sleep In Childhood Neurological Disorders

Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders PDF
Author: Sanjeev V. Kothare, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1933864966
Size: 36.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 5675

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" Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders addresses the myriad sleep-wake issues associated with neurological disturbances from the newborn period through adolescence. The editors and contributing authors are internationally recognized authorities who cover everything from sleep and ADHD, headaches, restless leg syndrome, parasomnias, hypersomnias, autism, brain tumors, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, and other primary disorders to sleep co-morbidities, assessment, testing, interventions, pharmacology and more. The first book devoted to the growing field of pediatric neurosomnology, Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders is an invaluable text for clinicians looking for current information and practical guidance to successfully manage their pediatric sleep patients. Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders features Dedicated focus on neurologically-based sleep disorders in children Diagnostic tables, key points, clinical pearls, and treatment algorithms throughout to enhance clinical utility Directions for ""Future Research"" in each chapter highlight promising studies and new therapies Broad-based coverage of the full range of common sleep disorders and co-morbidities "

Children With Emotional And Behavioural Difficulties And Communication Problems

Children with Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties and Communication Problems PDF
Author: Melanie Cross
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 9781846420078
Size: 43.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 4489

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Children and young people with emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD) are far more likely to have communication problems than their peers. Exploring the ways in which children's language and emotional development are linked, Melanie Cross considers the reasons why behavioural and communication difficulties often occur together. Identifying the common causes of these problems and the reasons why they often go undetected, she provides practical guidelines for assessing communication skills and the complexities of identifying communication problems in children, including children in public care. She shows how improving children's communication can also improve their behaviour and that speech and language therapy is an important, although often absent, service for children with EBD. With a range of strategies to help children and young people to develop their emotional and communicative skills, this accessible guide is an invaluable resource for speech and language therapists, social workers, teachers and other health professionals working with young people with emotional, behavioural and communication problems.

Developmental Neuropsychology

Developmental Neuropsychology PDF
Author: Vicki Anderson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 131771573X
Size: 34.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 245

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This book addresses key issues in child neuropsychology but differs from other books in the field in its emphasis on clinical practice rather than research issues. Although research findings are presented, they are described with emphasis on what is relevant for assessment, treatment and management of pediatric conditions. The authors have chosen to focus on a number of areas. First, the text examines the natural history of childhood CNS insult, highlighting studies where children have been followed over time to determine the impact of injury on ongoing development. Second, processes of normal and abnormal cerebral and cognitive development are outlined and the concepts of brain plasticity and the impact of early CNS insult discussed. Finally, using a number of common childhood CNS disorders as examples, the authors develop a model which describes the complex interaction among biological, psychosocial and cognitive factors in the brain injured child. The text will be of use on advanced undergraduate courses in developmental neuropsychology, postgraduate clinical training programmes, and for professionals working with children in clinical psychology, clinical neuropsychology, and in educational and rehabilitation contexts.

Communication Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Communication Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury PDF
Author: Skye McDonald
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134950136
Size: 43.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 4158

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There are very few books available which are concerned with the unique communication problems that can come with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In recent years there has emerged a realisation that these difficulties in communication are closely tied to the cognitive, behavioural and social problems observed following traumatic brain injury. This is changing the way people with TBI are assessed and is generating new approaches to rehabilitation. This volume will be of interest to psychologists, speech pathologists and therapists and linguists. Clinicians and researchers working with people with traumatic brain injury, and their students, will find it a comprehensive source of contemporary approaches to characterising the communication problems of people with TBI and for planning rehabilitation.

Diagnosis Management And Modeling Of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Diagnosis  Management and Modeling of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF
Author: Colin R. Martin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128179899
Size: 59.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 5283

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Diagnosis, Management and Modeling of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: The Neuroscience of Development is a comprehensive reference on the diagnosis and management of neurodevelopment and associated disorders. The book discusses the mechanisms underlying neurological development and provides readers with a detailed introduction to the neural connections and complexities in biological circuitries, as well as the interactions between genetics, epigenetics and other micro-environmental processes. In addition, the book also examines the pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions of development-related conditions. Provides the most comprehensive coverage of the broad range of topics relating to the neuroscience of aging Features sections on the genetics that influences aging and diseases of aging Contains an abstract, key facts, a mini dictionary of terms, and summary points in each chapter Focuses on neurological diseases and conditions linked to aging, environmental factors and clinical recommendations Includes more than 500 illustrations and tables