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Discursive Ideologies

Discursive Ideologies PDF
Author: C. H. Knoblauch
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 1492012858
Size: 67.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 231
View: 4547

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In Discursive Ideologies, C. H. Knoblauch argues that European rhetorical theory comprises several distinct and fundamentally opposed traditions of discourse. Writing accessibly for the upper division student, Knoblauch resists the conventional narrative of a unified Western rhetorical tradition. He identifies deep ideological and epistemological differences that exist among strands of Western thought and that are based in divergent "grounds of meaningfulness.” These conflicts underlie and influence current discourse about vital public issues. Knoblauch considers six "stories” about the meaning of meaning in an attempt to answer the question, what encourages us to believe that language acts are meaningful? Six distinctive ideologies of Western rhetoric emerge: magical rhetoric, ontological rhetoric, objectivist rhetoric, expressivist rhetoric, sociological rhetoric, and deconstructive rhetoric. He explores the nature of language and the important role these rhetorics play in the discourses that matter most to people, such as religion, education, public policy, science, law, and history.

Discursive Ideologies

Discursive Ideologies PDF
Author: C. H. Knoblauch
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 0874219361
Size: 23.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 231
View: 7547

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In Discursive Ideologies, C. H. Knoblauch argues that European rhetorical theory comprises several distinct and fundamentally opposed traditions of discourse. Writing accessibly for the upper division student, Knoblauch resists the conventional narrative of a unified Western rhetorical tradition. He identifies deep ideological and epistemological differences that exist among strands of Western thought and that are based in divergent "grounds of meaningfulness.” These conflicts underlie and influence current discourse about vital public issues. Knoblauch considers six "stories” about the meaning of meaning in an attempt to answer the question, what encourages us to believe that language acts are meaningful? Six distinctive ideologies of Western rhetoric emerge: magical rhetoric, ontological rhetoric, objectivist rhetoric, expressivist rhetoric, sociological rhetoric, and deconstructive rhetoric. He explores the nature of language and the important role these rhetorics play in the discourses that matter most to people, such as religion, education, public policy, science, law, and history.

Translating The European House

Translating the European House PDF
Author: Stefan Baumgarten
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443899135
Size: 73.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 398
View: 7463

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This anthology of papers, written by Christina Schäffner, brings together a selection of articles on the theme of translation and politics. Written from the perspective of translation studies and critical discourse analysis, it provides an overview of the textual and ideological factors that determine processes of translation within the arena of international politics. The selected articles afford a fascinating insight into the dynamics of intercultural exchange against the backdrop of European politics from the fall of the Berlin Wall to debates on EU enlargement. By taking a context-sensitive approach to linguistic description, this book will be of interest to scholars in various adjacent fields of research, such as (applied) linguistics, (intercultural) communication studies, media studies, political science and the sociology of globalisation, as well as to relevant higher education programmes around the world. The discipline of translation studies has made its mark by conceptualising translation as a form of cross-cultural communication that transcends asymmetrical relations of power, foregrounding issues such as (colonial) domination, (cultural) hegemony, and ideology. To date, however, there has been no compelling evidence of the linguistic implications of transnational political communication, and little research has been done to help us to understand how political discourse at the international level presupposes translation. Featuring a wealth of examples from political text and talk, each article here links contextual features to the linguistic choices of political actors. By moving beyond national and cultural boundaries, these analyses help the reader to get to grips with the discursive implications of power politics, and to open up a new debate for a novel area of studies that might be termed cross-cultural political discourse analysis.

The Discursive Power Of Memes In Digital Culture

The Discursive Power of Memes in Digital Culture PDF
Author: Bradley E. Wiggins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429960492
Size: 68.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 164
View: 3848

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Shared, posted, tweeted, commented upon, and discussed online as well as off-line, internet memes represent a new genre of online communication, and an understanding of their production, dissemination, and implications in the real world enables an improved ability to navigate digital culture. This book explores cases of cultural, economic, and political critique levied by the purposeful production and consumption of internet memes. Often images, animated GIFs, or videos are remixed in such a way to incorporate intertextual references, quite frequently to popular culture, alongside a joke or critique of some aspect of the human experience. Ideology, semiotics, and intertextuality coalesce in the book’s argument that internet memes represent a new form of meaning-making, and the rapidity by which they are produced and spread underscores their importance.

Discursive Approaches To Language Policy

Discursive Approaches to Language Policy PDF
Author: Elisabeth Barakos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137531347
Size: 64.53 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 654

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This book brings together the fields of language policy and discourse studies from a multidisciplinary theoretical, methodological and empirical perspective. The chapters in this volume are written by international scholars active in the field of language policy and planning and discourse studies. The diverse research contexts range from education in Paraguay and Luxembourg via businesses in Wales to regional English language policies in Tajikistan. Readers are thereby invited to think critically about the mutual relationship between language policy and discourse in a range of social, political, economic and cultural spheres. Using approaches that draw on discourse-analytic, anthropological, ethnographic and critical sociolinguistic frameworks, the contributors in this collection explore and refine the ‘discursive’ and the ‘critical’ aspects of language policy as a multilayered, fluid, ideological, discursive and social process that can operate as a tool of social change as well as reinforcing established power structures and inequalities.

Discourse Ideology And Specialized Communication

Discourse  Ideology and Specialized Communication PDF
Author: Giuliana Garzone
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039108886
Size: 76.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 494
View: 2346

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This book approaches the issue of ideology in specialized communication in professional, institutional and disciplinary settings across domains as diverse as law, healthcare, corporate management, migration, NGOs, etc. What unites the contributors is their commitment to a discourse view of language use, i.e., the view that organisational and professional practices are rooted in social, ideological orders, although a variety of perspectives on the exact nature of the relationship between ideology and discourse can be discerned in individual chapters. The acts of interpretation - by participants and analysts alike - are invested in ideology, explicitly or implicitly. This manifest/hidden duality surrounding ideology-in-discourse constitutes the main focus. Challenging the traditional presumption of objectivity, impersonality and non-involvement that has often characterized research on Language for Specific Purposes, this book demonstrates how the specialized communication setting is a critical site where ideology is intrinsically embodied in discursive practices.

Official Discourse Routledge Revivals

Official Discourse  Routledge Revivals  PDF
Author: Frank Burton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135079269
Size: 42.19 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 148
View: 2159

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First published in 1979, Official Discourse is an unofficial report of theoretical investigations into a specific state of practice- the publication of reports of official inquiries into law, order and justice issues. The commissions, tribunals and committees of inquiry scrutinized in this book examine problems arising from wrongful imprisonment, police corruption, industrial picketing, and communal rioting and internment in Northern Ireland. Focusing on the reasons why government reports take the form they do, the authors venture into the areas of linguistics, psychoanalysis and Marxism. The book is an exercise in discourse analysis, an exercise in theoretical work that looks at the relationships between theory and literary production, and a critique of official conceptions of law, order and justice.

Is There An End Of Ideologies Exploring Constructs Of Ideology And Discourse In Marxist And Post Marxist Theories

Is There an End of Ideologies   Exploring Constructs of Ideology and Discourse in Marxist and Post Marxist Theories PDF
Author: Ant Lopes
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443877840
Size: 64.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 211
View: 7088

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Is ideology just a political pejorative term to stigmatise those whose politics are allegedly driven by faith rather than by critical thinking? Can we actually claim that we are free from ideological inclinations? Is discourse just the means of expression of a particular ideology? In order to clarify some misunderstandings about these two key concepts in the fields of social and political philosophy, political theory and cultural theory, this book traces their origins, discusses the ways in which they have been appropriated by Marxist and post-Marxist theorists, and examines the conceptual differences and similarities between them.

English Language Teachers On The Discursive Faultlines

English Language Teachers on the Discursive Faultlines PDF
Author: Assist. Prof. Julia Menard-Warwick
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783091126
Size: 24.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 6829

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This book brings the voices of teachers into the fierce debates about language ideologies and cultural pedagogies in English language teaching. Through interviews and classroom observations in Chile and California, this study compares the controversies around English as a global language with the similar cultural tensions in programs for immigrants. The author explores the development of teacher identity in these two very different contexts, and through the narratives of both experienced and novice teachers demonstrates how teacher identity affects the cultural pedagogies enacted in their classrooms.

Political And Media Discourses Of Illegal Immigration In Ireland

Political and Media Discourses of Illegal Immigration in Ireland PDF
Author: Elaine Burroughs
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845264721
Size: 58.35 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 4235

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While migrants categorised as illegal immigrants are generally voiceless, various representations of these migrants are disseminated into Irish society through the Parliament and newsprint media. This book examines how those two institutions discursively represented illegal immigration in Ireland during the 2000s. Through a Critical Discourse Analysis framework, it identifies the key argumentations that frame illegal immigration. In so doing, it reveals that there is a significant level of negative discourses and a noticeable preoccupation with controlling illegal immigration. Those negative discourses function to maintain the nationstate rationale of governance, practices of inequality and exclusion, and legitimized expressions of racism. Dr. Elaine Burroughs currently teaches in Maynooth University and is also a Research Assistant in University College Dublin, Ireland. Dr. Burroughs' interests lie in the areas of migration, representation, and discourse analysis.

Language Policy In Business

Language Policy in Business PDF
Author: Elisabeth Barakos
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027260699
Size: 43.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 195
View: 4236

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Language Policy in Business: Discourse, ideology and practice provides a critical sociolinguistic and discursive understanding of language policy in a minority language context. Focusing on Welsh-English bilingualism in private sector businesses in Wales, the book unpacks the circulating discourses, ideologies and practices of promoting bilingualism as a sociocultural and economic resource in the globalised knowledge economy. It sheds light on businesses as ideological sites for struggles over language revitalisation, which has been characterised by tensions and discursive shifts from essentialist ideologies about language, identity, nation and territory, to an increased commodification of bilingualism. The book is premised on the understanding that language is a focal point for articulating and living out historical power relationships and inequalities, and that language policy processes are never apolitical. It adds to a body of literature about bilingualism in minority language contexts and, more broadly, about how the fields of politics, business and society are inextricably related.

Ideologies Across Nations

Ideologies across Nations PDF
Author: Alexandre Duchêne
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110208318
Size: 46.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 293
View: 5590

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The book is an invitation to a genealogical understanding of the ideological and discursive processes that have emerged out of the regulation of linguistic minorities issues within an international context and, more precisely, at the United Nations. It highlights the contradictions, limits and possibilities in the elaboration of international measures within the universalist framework of human rights. The book also emphasizes the paradoxes between national interests and the elaboration of an international community - paradoxes in which minority issues fundamentally question the homogeneity of the state. It shows that despite the shift from national spaces to international ones, the fears of nation-states for linguistic minorities remain. Finally, the book reveals the importance of the reproduction of the interests of nation-states within an international organization and the reproduction of power through the legal management and regulation of minority rights in general, and those of linguistic minorities in particular. Through its presentation of the history of the United Nations, its vision of the protection of linguistic minorities, the underlying ideologies that have emerged, as well as the limits and possibilities of action, the book contributes to a better understanding of the complexity of the protection of linguistic minorities and the role of language ideologies within an international context.

Language And The Complex Of Ideology

Language and the Complex of Ideology PDF
Author: Mohamed Douifi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319765477
Size: 19.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 221
View: 4533

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This book undertakes a systematic analysis of the workings of ideology in discourse, using an interdisciplinary approach that links language, cognition and society. Through examination of two corpora - a collection of British newspaper articles and a set of political speeches - the author examines Britain's involvement in the Iraq War (2003), and critically assesses the language practices which constructed a pro-war ideology under Tony Blair's premiership. Drawing on a constellation of concepts from van Dijk's socio-cognitive model, this book carries out both qualitative and quantitative analyses and conceptualises discourse as a nonlinear, highly discursive and socio-cognitive phenomenon. This innovative work will appeal to students and scholars of Cognitive Linguistics, Quantitative Linguistics, Social Constructivism, Critical Discourse Analysis, Political Sciences and Communication Studies.

Allegory And Ideology

Allegory and Ideology PDF
Author: Fredric Jameson
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 1788730437
Size: 31.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 4571

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Fredric Jameson takes on the allegorical form Works do not have meanings, they soak up meanings: a work is a machine for libidinal investments (including the political kind). It is a process that sorts incommensurabilities and registers contradictions (which is not the same as solving them!) The inevitable and welcome conflict of interpretations - a discursive, ideological struggle - therefore needs to be supplemented by an account of this simultaneous processing of multiple meanings, rather than an abandonment to liberal pluralisms and tolerant (or intolerant) relativisms. This is not a book about "method", but it does propose a dialectic capable of holding together in one breath the heterogeneities that reflect our biological individualities, our submersion in collective history and class struggle, and our alienation to a disembodied new world of information and abstraction. Eschewing the arid secularities of philosophy, Walter Benjamin once recommended the alternative of the rich figurality of an older theology; in that spirit we here return to the antiquated Ptolemaic systems of ancient allegory and its multiple levels (a proposal first sketched out in The Political Unconscious); it is tested against the epic complexities of the overtly allegorical works of Dante, Spenser and the Goethe of Faust II, as well as symphonic form in music, and the structure of the novel, postmodern as well as Third-World: about which a notorious essay on National Allegory is here reprinted with a theoretical commentary; and an allegorical history of emotion is meanwhile rehearsed from its contemporary, geopolitical context.

Ideology

Ideology PDF
Author: Teun A Van Dijk
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473946123
Size: 56.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 1988

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The definition of ideology continues to occupy scholars across a wide range of disciplines. In this book, Teun A van Dijk sketches a challenging new multidisciplinary framework for theorizing ideology. He defines ideology as the basis of the social representations of a group, its functions in terms of social relations between groups, and its reproduction as enacted by discourse. Contemporary racist discourse is examined to illustrate these ideological relations between cognition, society and discourse.

Language In Education Policies

Language in education Policies PDF
Author: Dr. Anthony J. Liddicoat
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847699162
Size: 41.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2303

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This book examines the ideological underpinnings of language-in-education policies that explicitly focus on adding a new language to the learners' existing repertoire. It examines policies for foreign languages, immigrant languages, indigenous languages and external language spread. Each of these contexts provides for different possible relationships between the language learner and the target language group and shows how in different polities different understandings influence how policy is designed. The book develops a theoretical account of language policies as discursive constructions of ideological positions and explicates how ideologies are developed through an examination of case studies from a range of countries. Each chapter in this book takes the form of a series of three in-depth case studies in which policies relating to a particular area of language-in-education policy are examined. Each case examines the language of policy texts from a critical perspective to deconstruct how intercultural relationships are projected.