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Eccentric Exercise

Eccentric Exercise PDF
Author: Hans Hoppeler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136586946
Size: 58.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 2907

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Eccentric muscle contraction, during which a muscle lengthens while under tension, is a fundamental process of human movement but a surprisingly under-researched area of exercise science. Evidence suggests that training programmes which incorporate both eccentric and concentric contractions can result in greater strength gains than concentric contractions alone, and this clearly has important implications for training and rehabilitation in sport and health. In Eccentric Exercise, leading international sport scientist Hans Hoppeler introduces the fundamental physiology and pathophysiology of eccentric muscle work, and explores the key applications of eccentric exercise in sport, rehabilitation and health. The book examines the molecular mechanisms responsible for tissue and organismic adaptations and discusses eccentric muscle-related pathology, specifically delayed onset muscle soreness. It assesses the use of eccentric exercise training in the treatment of certain disease states such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart insufficiency and sarcopenia, while a concluding chapter points to open research questions, shows the limits of the available data and highlights problems with current exercise modalities. This book is important reading for all sport and exercise scientists, clinicians working in rehabilitation, and high-level strength and conditioning coaches and trainers.

Essentials Of Eccentric Training

Essentials of Eccentric Training PDF
Author: Len Kravitz
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1492585203
Size: 20.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 2083

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Essentials of Eccentric Training is the first comprehensive resource covering this innovative approach to resistance training and conditioning that produces extraordinary results. Backed by evidence-based studies and readily incorporated into training programs, eccentric training provides greater intensity to help individuals push past plateaus and increase muscular strength, endurance, and power. Using eccentric training, strength and conditioning professionals and personal trainers can also help their clients improve metabolism, manage their weight, and facilitate injury rehabilitation. The text provides the physiological explanations, exercises, and sample programs beneficial to introducing eccentric training into clients’ workouts. All facets of this exciting, power-generating modality are detailed by veteran international fitness expert Len Kravitz and champion bodybuilder and personal trainer Aaron Bubbico, who use eccentric training not only with clients but also in their own exercise regimens. The practical information in the book is supported by special features: • 70 eccentric training exercises are demonstrated through full-color photos and detailed instructions to properly illustrate techniques and minimize risk of injury. • A selection of 46 online exercise videos explain more complex workout techniques to ensure exercises are properly performed to maximize results. Symbols throughout the book indicate when videos are available online. • A selection of 24 sample workout plans, six case study workouts, and two sample eight-week training programs provide professionals with a strong starting point to build programs for their clients. • An appendix lists foundational resistance training exercises across seven popular sports. • An exercise finder categorized by muscle group makes selecting the right exercises for each client easy. After establishing a foundation of muscular physiology, the first chapters of Essentials of Eccentric Training explain the three unique ways of using eccentric training: eccentric emphasis, supramaximal training, and the two-up/one-down method. The next two chapters address specific effects of the training method: how it bolsters postworkout metabolic rate and how to minimize delayed-onset muscle soreness. The book’s final six chapters contain exercises and program designs specifically for muscular strength, muscular endurance, explosive power, weight loss, muscle size, and rehabilitation. Essentials of Eccentric Training imparts every aspect of this groundbreaking training system and its benefits in resistance exercise programs. The method presents boundless opportunities for strength and conditioning specialists and exercise professionals who work with athletes and exercise enthusiasts of all ages and fitness levels.

Essentials Of Eccentric Training

Essentials of Eccentric Training PDF
Author: Kravitz, Len
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1450468306
Size: 36.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 6916

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Essentials of Eccentric Training is the first comprehensive resource covering this innovative approach to resistance training and conditioning. The text provides the physiological explanations, exercises, and sample programs beneficial to introducing eccentric training into clients’ workouts.

Skeletal Muscle Damage And Repair

Skeletal Muscle Damage and Repair PDF
Author: Peter M. Tiidus
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780736058674
Size: 60.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 337
View: 5647

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Attempts to cover a wide range of both basic research and applied clinical topics related to skeletal muscle damage and repair mechanisms and their application. This book examines muscle damage and repair mechanisms and issues in specific populations including older adults and special populations.

Tendon And Ligament Healing

Tendon and Ligament Healing PDF
Author: William Weintraub
Publisher: Redwing Book Company
ISBN: 0912111739
Size: 53.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 7212

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There has been a drastic increase in repetitive strain/overuse injury to which the standard medical system offers little hope of recovery without surgery, which has mixed results. Weintraub's book offers a viable alternative option for patients. He has developed a highly effective new osteopathic-style approach to answer this major healthcare challenge. Active people, practitioners, and patients wishing to avoid surgery will find guidance in this work which breaks new ground for healing damage due to sports, accidents, and work-related stress. The book combines emerging scientific information and the author's original treatment model drawn from his 28 years of hands-on therapy, all revealing the potent recovery capacity of ligaments and tendons. Weintraub has done considerable treatment of serious tendon and ligament injuries and the book's twelve case studies show positive results that would be considered improbable from the standard medical perspective. Clinicians from many fields, mainstream to alternative, will benefit from the clear descriptions of the techniques in the osteopathic-style manual therapy model developed by the author.

Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation E Book

Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation E Book PDF
Author: S. Brent Brotzman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323081258
Size: 40.51 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 608
View: 5405

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In Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation: An Evidence-Based Approach, Dr. S. Brent Brotzman and Robert C. Manske help you apply the most effective, evidence-based protocols for maximizing return to function following common sports injuries and post-surgical conditions. A well-respected, comprehensive source for evaluating, treating, and rehabilitating orthopaedic patients, the 3rd Edition guides you on the prevention of running injuries, the latest perturbation techniques, and the ACL rehabilitation procedures and functional tests you need to help get your patients back in the game or the office. You’ll also find a brand-new spine rehabilitation section, an extensively revised art program, and online access to videos demonstrating rehabilitation procedures of common orthopaedic conditions at www.expertconsult.com. Get expert guidance on everything you may see on a day-to-day basis in the rehabilitation of joint replacements and sports injuries. Apply evidence-based rehabilitation protocols to common sports conditions like ACL and meniscus injuries and post-surgical rehabilitation for the knee, hip, and shoulder. See how to perform perturbation techniques for ACL rehabilitation, ACL functional tests and return-to-play criteria after reconstruction, analysis of running gait to prevent and treat running injury, and more with videos online at www.expertconsult.com. Use the expert practices described in Tendinopathy and Hip Labral Injuries, part of the expanded "Special Topics" section, to help patients realize quicker recovery times. Visualize physical examination and rehabilitation techniques with the extensively revised art program that presents 750 figures and illustrations.

Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology

Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology PDF
Author: Phillip Gardiner
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1492583758
Size: 42.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 3264

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Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology uses a mix of biochemistry, molecular biology, neurophysiology, and muscle physiology to provide a synthesis of current knowledge and research directions in the field. The first text devoted solely to the topic, Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology assists readers in identifying current directions in research and new avenues for exploration. Recognizing the rapid changes occurring in the field of neuromuscular exercise physiology, the text provides readers with a foundation of knowledge while detailing the most recent findings. Though the text is written at an advanced level, the author succeeds at making the content accessible. Analyses of research findings and research applications are highlighted in special sidebars. Detailed illustrations and graphs assist readers in understanding research findings. Chapter summaries also help readers determine the key issues presented for each topic. The author draws attention to a variety of important topics in the field, beginning with a discussion of motor unit types, muscle blood flow, and metabolic pathways in control of metabolism, including a special discussion of the effects of type 2 diabetes. Next, the topic of fatigue is discussed. The author explains possible peripheral and central contributors to fatigue. Chapters 6 and 7 focus on whole-body endurance training, including the effects of aerobic endurance training on the protein profiles of muscle fibers and on the central nervous system. Of particular interest is the applicability of research information to the exercise rehabilitation of individuals with compromised nervous system function, such as spinal cord injury, other trauma, and neuromuscular diseases. The final chapters are devoted to resistance training, including the phenotypic responses of muscles to isometric, slow isotonic, lengthening, and plyometric training. An overview of the effects of resistance training on the nervous system is offered along with clinical applications. Within the dynamic field of neuromuscular exercise physiology, ideas of how nerves and muscles collaborate during acute and chronic exercise are continually evolving. Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology offers an authoritative perspective of current research in the field as it seeks to encourage discussion, further study, and new research directions. Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of the various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology is the third volume in the series.

The Effect Of Eccentric Exercise With Blood Flow Restriction On Muscle Damage Neuromuscular Activation And Microvascular Oxygenation

The Effect of Eccentric Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction on Muscle Damage  Neuromuscular Activation  and Microvascular Oxygenation PDF
Author: Jakob Del Lauver
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Blood flow
Languages : en
Pages : 185
View: 5572

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Despite the fact that numerous previous investigations have demonstrated the robust effects of BFR resistance training in producing muscle hypertrophy and improved strength, the underlying mechanisms responsible for such effects remain poorly understood. Limited work has been done examining the effects of contraction type on the acute responses to BFR resistance training. In addition, while BFR has been demonstrated to induce similar improvement in muscle mass and strength, it is unknown what effect it will have on the muscles response when subsequent high-intensity exercise is performed. Purpose: The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the effect that eccentric muscle actions with BFR have on microvascular oxygenation and neuromuscular activation, as well as to examine the effects that eccentric actions with BFR has on attenuating muscle damage during a subsequent bout of maximal exercise. Methods: Participants where healthy, recreationally active and/or sedentary college aged males. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups, 30% of maximal torque (LOW), 30% of maximal torque with BFR (LBFR), or control (CON). Participants in both LOW and LBFR groups performed a precondition bout of low-intensity eccentric exercise consisting of four sets (1x30, 3x15) of eccentric exercise of the knee extensors (quadriceps). The LBFR performed the exercise bout with the addition of BFR, with an external occlusion pressure corresponded to 130% of the resting systolic blood pressure. Surface electromyography (sEMG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to record the neuromuscular activation and microvascular oxygenation of the knee extensors during the low-intensity precondition exercise (LOW, LBFR). Ninety-six hours after the precondition exercise, all participants performed a bout of maximal eccentric exercise consisting of six sets of ten repetitions, this was done in an attempt to induce muscle damage. Following the maximal eccentric exercise bout, all participants reported back 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours later to assess muscle damage and function. Muscle damage and function was assessed via changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque, maximal voluntary concentric torque, range of motion (ROM), muscle soreness, and mid-thigh circumference. Results: There was a significant difference in neuromuscular activation of the vastus medialis (VM-RMS-root mean squared) between LOW and LBFR (p = 0.05). During set-2 LBFR resulted in greater activation of the VM-RMS (LOW 47.7 ± 11.5% MVIC, LBFR 67.0 ± 20.0% MVIC) compared to LOW, as well as during set-3 (LOW 51.4 ± 8.6% MVIC, LBFR 69.53 ± 20.5% MVIC). There was a significant difference in deoxyhemoglobin signal (deoxy-[Hb+Mb]) between LBFR and LOW during set-2 (LBFR 13.1 ± 5.2 μM, LOW 6.7 ± 7.9 μM), set-3 (LBFR 14.6 ± 6 μM, LOW 6.9 ± 7.4 μM), and set-4 (LBFR 13.8 ± 5.9 μM, LOW 7.8 ± 8.5 μM). Total hemoglobin concentration [THC] was significantly higher during LBFR compared to LOW (p = 0.03). Immediately post maximal eccentric exercise all groups showed a significant decrease in MVIC torque (LOW 74.2 ± 14.1%, LBFR 75 ± 5.1%, CON 53 ± 18.6%), with LOW and LBFR resulted in a smaller decrease compared to CON. At 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours post maximal eccentric exercise both LOW and LBFR did not demonstrate a significant force deficit from baseline. Conclusion: The results of the current investigations suggest that the LBFR condition resulted in increased metabolic stress, as shown by the greater deoxy-[Hb+Mb] response and increased blood volume (increased [THC]), as well as greater neuromuscular activation compared to LOW. In spite of the considerable differences observed in the preconditioning exercise stimulus, there was no difference observed in the protective effect inferred by LOW and LBFR preconditioning. However, both LOW and LBFR resulted in a significant protective effect. Further studies are necessary to determine the mechanisms responsible for the protective effect conferred by both low-intensity and low-intensity with BFR eccentric actions against maximal eccentric actions induced muscle damage.

Recovery For Performance In Sport

Recovery for Performance in Sport PDF
Author: Christophe Hausswirth
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1450434347
Size: 73.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 281
View: 3012

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"Recovery for Performance in Sport "encompasses the latest scientific research in the study of recovery and draws from the experience of applied sport scientists working with elite athletes in leading performance and recovery centers around the globe.

Rehabilitation Of Sports Injuries

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries PDF
Author: Giancarlo Puddu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540674757
Size: 23.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 1128

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Written by an international board of experts this comprehensive text provides an in-depth review on the treatment and rehabilitation of the most common sports-related injuries according to the latest scientific developments in functional rehabilitation and the most clinically relevant features of pathophysiology of sports lesions. The management of acute and overuse sports lesions are classified by body area (spine, upper and lower extremity).

Medical Physiology

Medical Physiology PDF
Author: Rodney Rhoades
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781768528
Size: 61.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 816
View: 790

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Now in its Third Edition, this text clearly and concisely presents the physiological principles that are essential to clinical medicine. Outstanding pedagogical features include Active Learning Objectives that emphasize problem-solving applications of basic principles; conceptual diagrams that help students visualize complex processes; case studies, Clinical Focus boxes, and From Bench to Bedside boxes; a comprehensive glossary; and online USMLE-style questions with answers and explanations. This edition features a new Immunology and Organ Function chapter and a completely rewritten and reorganized cardiovascular section. A companion Website will include the fully searchable text, an interactive question bank, case studies with practice questions, animations of complex processes, an image bank, and links for further study.

Therapeutic Exercise For Physical Therapist Assistants

Therapeutic Exercise for Physical Therapist Assistants PDF
Author: William D. Bandy
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781790802
Size: 14.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 458
View: 4565

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Completely updated and rewritten to meet the specific needs of physical therapist assistants, this Second Edition focuses on the implementation of treatment plans and intervention using the appropriate therapeutic exercise techniques. The book describes a wide variety of therapeutic exercises and details the purpose, position, and procedure for each technique. Case studies and pediatric and geriatric recommendations are included. This edition has three all-new chapters: the role of the physical therapist assistant in therapeutic exercise, enhancement of breathing and pulmonary function, and functional fitness training for the elderly. Other new features include a two-color design, updated illustrations, and a glossary.

Stretch Intensity And The Inflammatory Response A Paradigm Shift

Stretch Intensity and the Inflammatory Response  A Paradigm Shift PDF
Author: Nikos C. Apostolopoulos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319968009
Size: 18.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231
View: 5508

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In this manuscript, practitioners and students who are concerned with sports and rehabilitation medicine, kinesiology, as well as coaches and athletes, are introduced to numerous concepts, including mechanotransduction, inflammation, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, calpains, the extracellular matrix, neutrophils and macrophages, and their relevance to stretching, particularly stretching intensity. Although the quantitative parameters of training, duration, and frequency are important, it is the qualitative criterion of intensity (“how much”) that the author suggests is ultimately of greater concern. Intensity, the rate and magnitude of force, may be responsible for the proper recovery, regeneration, and adaptation of the musculoskeletal tissues from training, competition, or rehabilitation from injuries. Research suggests that too much force results in the stimulation of an inflammatory response, one associated with a biochemical feedback emerging from a mechanical stimulus. The intent of this manuscript is twofold: to initiate the discussion of the importance of stretching intensity with regard to proper recovery, regeneration, and adaptation, and to suggest that researchers need to explore its potential role in addressing numerous inflammatory (RA) and non-inflammatory (OA, recurrent tendinitis etc.) musculoskeletal conditions as well.

Updates In The Management Of Acute And Chronic Lesions Of The Achilles Tendon An Issue Of Foot And Ankle Clinics Of North America Ebook

Updates in the Management of Acute and Chronic Lesions of the Achilles Tendon  An issue of Foot and Ankle Clinics of North America  Ebook PDF
Author: Phinit Phisitkul
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323682561
Size: 65.11 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3074

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This issue of Foot and Ankle Clinics, guest edited by Dr. Phinit Phisitkul, will cover essential topics related to Updates in the Management of Acute and Chronic Lesions of the Achilles Tendon. Under the guidance of long-time series Consulting Editor Dr. Mark Myerson, Dr. Phistikul and his contributing authors will explore topics of interest for practitioners in the field. Articles include, but are not limited to: Anatomical and functional considerations in Achilles tendon lesions; Minimally invasive treatments for acute Achilles tendon ruptures; Open Reconstructive strategies for Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures; Maximizing the return to sports after Achilles tendon rupture in athletes; Nonsurgical treatment modalities for Insertional Achilles tendinopathy; Surgical strategies for the treatment of Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy; Minimally invasive and endoscopic treatment of Haglund syndrome; Management of complications related to Achilles tendon surgery; Biologics in the treatment of Achilles tendon pathologies; and Endoscopic reconstruction for Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures, among others.

The Effect Of Eccentric Exercise On The Optimum Length Of Hamstrings In Collegiate Athletes

The Effect of Eccentric Exercise on the Optimum Length of Hamstrings in Collegiate Athletes PDF
Author: Daniel Tocci
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 33.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : College athletes
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5219

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The purpose of this study was to determine if an eccentric exercise-training regimen in conjunction with an athlete's offseason exercise program can produce a significant shift in optimum length of the hamstrings in athletes of different sports with diverse training protocols. Thirty-one athletes were randomly assigned to an eccentric exercise-training group (EG) or a control group (CG). Over a 7-week period the EG performed two eccentric exercises while the CG performed a stretching protocol over this time in addition to their normal training routine. Isokinetic-testing was performed pre and post intervention to determine optimum length. Significant attrition lead to an inability to report a significant group by time interaction between the EG and CG (F1,13= 2.27, p= .156). Examination of simple main effects determined there was a significant shift of optimum length in the EG (t= 2.725, p= .030). No significant changes were seen in the optimum length of the CG or normalized concentric and eccentric peak torque values in both groups. In conclusion, 7 weeks of additional eccentric exercise training shifted the angle of peak torque closer to knee extension in the EG, increasing the optimum length of the hamstrings in Division I football, baseball, and lacrosse athletes.

Proceedings Of The International Colloquium On Sports Science Exercise Engineering And Technology 2014 Icosseet 2014

Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Sports Science  Exercise  Engineering and Technology 2014  ICoSSEET 2014  PDF
Author: Rahmat Adnan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812871071
Size: 53.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 647
View: 2798

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The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented at the International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology (ICoSSEET2014), a conference dedicated to address the challenges in the areas of sports science, exercise, sports engineering and technology including other areas of sports, thereby presenting a consolidated view to the interested researchers in the aforesaid fields. The goal of this conference was to bring together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to focus on the scope of the conference and establishing new collaborations in these areas. The topics of interest are as follows but are not limited to:1. Sports and Exercise Science • Sports Nutrition • Sports Biomechanics • Strength and Conditioning • Motor Learning and Control • Sports Psychology • Sports Coaching • Sports and Exercise Physiology • Sports Medicine and Athletic Trainer • Fitness and Wellness • Exercise Rehabilitation • Adapted Physical Activity / Disability Sport • Physical Education • Dance, Games and Play 2. Sports Engineering and Technology Application • Sports Equipment Mechanics • Athlete Analysis and Measurement • Instrumentation and Measurement in Sports • Fluid Dynamics in Sports • Computational Modeling in Sports 3. Sports Industry and Management • Sports Event • Sports Management • Sports Tourism • Sports Marketing • Sports Ethics and Law • Sports Sociology • Outdoor and Recreation Management • Inclusive Recreation • Leisure