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Economics Of South African Townships

Economics of South African Townships PDF
Author: Sandeep Mahajan
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464803021
Size: 28.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 2509

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Countries everywhere are divided within into two distinct spatial realms: one urban, one rural. Classic models of development predict faster growth in the urban sector, causing rapid migration from rural areas to cities, lifting average incomes in both places. The situation in South Africa throws up an unconventional challenge. The country has symptoms of a spatial realm that is not not rural, not fully urban, lying somewhat in limbo. This is the realm of the country’s townships and informal settlements (T&IS). In many ways, the townships and especially the informal settlements are similar to developing world slums, although never was a slum formed with as much central planning and purpose as were some of the larger South African townships. And yet, there is something distinct about the T&IS. For one thing, unlike most urban slums, most T&IS are geographically distant from urban economic centers. Exacerbated by the near absence of an affordable public transport system, this makes job seeking and other forms of economic integration prohibitively expensive. Motivated by their uniqueness and their special place in South African economic and social life, this study seeks to develop a systematic understanding of the structure of the township economy. What emerges is a rich information base on the migration patterns to T&IS, changes in their demographic profiles, their labor market characteristics, and their access to public and financial services. The study then look closely at Diepsloot, a large township in the Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, to bring out more vividly the economic realities and choices of township residents. Given the current dichotomous urban structure, modernizing the township economy and enabling its convergence with the much richer urban centers has the potential to unleash significant productivity gains. Breaking out of the current low-level equilibrium however will require a comprehensive and holistic policy agenda, with significant complementarities among the major policy reforms. While the study tells a rich and coherent story about development patterns in South African townships and points to some broad policy directions, its research and analysis will generally need to be deepened before being translated into direct policy action.

Economics Of South African Townships

Economics of South African Townships PDF
Author: Sandeep Mahajan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781322076171
Size: 48.46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : SOCIAL SCIENCE
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 1451

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Countries everywhere are divided within into two distinct spatial realms: one urban, one rural. Classic models of development predict faster growth in the urban sector, causing rapid migration from rural areas to cities, lifting average incomes in both places. The situation in South Africa throws up an unconventional challenge. The country has symptoms of a spatial realm that is not not rural, not fully urban, lying somewhat in limbo. This is the realm of the countrys townships and informal settlements (T&IS). In many ways, the townships and especially the informal settlements are similar to developing world slums, although never was a slum formed with as much central planning and purpose as were some of the larger South African townships. And yet, there is something distinct about the T&IS. For one thing, unlike most urban slums, most T&IS are geographically distant from urban economic centers. Exacerbated by the near absence of an affordable public transport system, this makes job seeking and other forms of economic integration prohibitively expensive. Motivated by their uniqueness and their special place in South African economic and social life, this study seeks to develop a systematic understanding of the structure of the township economy. What emerges is a rich information base on the migration patterns to T&IS, changes in their demographic profiles, their labor market characteristics, and their access to public and financial services. The study then look closely at Diepsloot, a large township in the Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, to bring out more vividly the economic realities and choices of township residents. Given the current dichotomous urban structure, modernizing the township economy and enabling its convergence with the much richer urban centers has the potential to unleash significant productivity gains. Breaking out of the current low-level equilibrium however will require a comprehensive and holistic policy agenda, with significant complementarities among the major policy reforms. While the study tells a rich and coherent story about development patterns in South African townships and points to some broad policy directions, its research and analysis will generally need to be deepened before being translated into direct policy action.

Making A Difference Digitally E Commerce In South Africa

Making a difference digitally  E Commerce in South Africa PDF
Author: Felix Deubert
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656844232
Size: 80.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 114
View: 194

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Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,3, University Witten/Herdecke, language: English, abstract: According to the "South African B2C E-Commerce Report 2012", South Africa was already in 2011 the fifth largest country in Africa in terms of the number of Internet users. Today in 2014, there are approximately 12,5 million South African Internet users . Since several years, the E-Commerce sector is facing a boom in South Africa. However, not everybody seems to profit from or participate in this boom. Economically and socially, South Africa is still deeply divided. The inequality within the population, the distance between rich and poor is extreme: The richest 20 percent of the population account for almost 70 percent of total income, the share of the poorest 20 percent is just under three percent. Almost a third (31.9%) of the population lives on the equivalent of less than 2 Dollars a day . Around seven million people are considered long-term unemployed with no job prospects, especially those living in informal settlements, the so-called „townships“. The social and economic inequality is a big problem for the country of South Africa. E-Commerce has the potential to resolve this problem, as it is booming and companies plan to extend their businesses as well as their employee numbers. The idea is to train people from the townships in order to get them to work in the E-Commerce business. Interesting for this thesis are those E-Commerce companies with big storage halls, as they are the ones who might be in need of untrained employees of the townships. Jobs could be needed in basic positions such as picking and packing, quality control and customer services in big warehouses. Supposed it would be actually possible to use training initiatives and programs in the form of cooperations of E-Commerce companies and township NGO ́s, resulting in dimishing unemployment and leading to permitting more people participate in the boom of E-Commerce, the South African economy and its society as a whole would gain a tremendous benefit. The research question in this master thesis is interlinking the existing economic boom of E-Commerce with the high unemployment rate in the townships: Does the fast-growing E-Commerce in South Africa have an effect on the high unemployment rate in the townships? In the quest for an answer to this question, attention is paid to two related questions as well: Do the lowest social classes feel an improvement in their living standards after being hired by an E-Commerce business?

From Shantytown To Township

From Shantytown to Township PDF
Author: Gavin Grant Maasdorp
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.11 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Durban (South Africa)
Languages : en
Pages : 157
View: 4719

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Oecd Economic Surveys South Africa 2015

OECD Economic Surveys  South Africa 2015 PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264236422
Size: 67.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 132
View: 3225

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This 2015 OECD Economic Survey of South Africa examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters cover infrastructure and business regulation; tax policy and inclusive growth.

Urban Informality In South Africa And Zimbabwe

Urban Informality in South Africa and Zimbabwe PDF
Author: Inocent Moyo
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030654850
Size: 41.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 1930

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This book adds to the research of urban informality in the Global South with a specific focus on South Africa and Zimbabwe. It addresses the agency and the potential transformative capacity of the phenomenon of urban informality in connection with Southern African cities and towns. It adopts a political economy approach to analyse the evolution of informality in cities and its implications for urban planning. It brings to bear how the South African and Zimbabwean historical and/or ideological and contemporary political and economic trajectories have impacted on the ever changing nature of urban informality, both spatially and structurally and/or compositionally; thus resulting in unique urban materialities, which are aspects that have scarcely been studied or discussed in the extant literature. This book, therefore, seeks to close the academic gap by dealing with the dearth of literature on spatial (re)locational discourses of urban informality. The work positions urban informality as a resilient force with potency in terms of political mobilisation and (re) shaping urban spaces. Though these are fundamental issues, they have received comparatively little attention, especially in literature that focuses on the Southern African region. Accordingly, undergraduate and post-graduate students, as well as academics in the fields of Urban Geography, Political Science, Development Studies, Sociology, Town and Regional Planning among others, will find the range of topics and depth of coverage in this book particularly valuable. Similarly, practitioners and activists on issues of urban informality and urban governance will find the book very useful.

Global Economic Crisis

Global Economic Crisis PDF
Author: Marcel Lusamba-Kazadi
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846593783
Size: 67.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 1857

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The study aims to assess how people in South Africa perceive the impact of the global economic crisis in Southern Africa and particularly the South African economy. From 2009 to 2010 the South African economy entered into a recession because of the global economic crisis, which was caused by the collapse of the United States' housing market. A survey questionnaire, which aimed to measure the perceptions of the impact of the global economic crisis on the South African economy, was administrated to 300 randomly selected students and staff at two universities and five townships in Cape Town. The research followed the procedure of random sampling with students and staff at two universities in Cape Town, and they were selected by the researcher and fieldworkers on an arbitrary basis. The employed field workers selected persons from townships on the same basis. A survey of the impact of the global economic crisis in South Africa found that a majority of respondents from universities and non-university subjects (170) agreed that the global economic crisis has impacted negatively on the South African economy. Hence, the South African government should carefully improve the policy.

Tourism Change And The Global South

Tourism  Change and the Global South PDF
Author: Jarkko Saarinen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000399796
Size: 16.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Travel
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 4150

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This significant volume is the first to focus on both the changing nature of tourism and the capacity of tourism to effect change, especially in the Global South. Geographically, this changing nature of tourism is based on the transforming relationships between demand, supply and location. While this is nothing new in tourism, recent decades have intensified the changing characteristics of global tourism. From another perspective, tourism represents a change, and nowadays many localities and regions aim to use tourism as a tool for positive change, i.e. development. However, this has turned out to be a challenging task in practice, especially in the Global South context where the relationship between tourism growth and local development has often been controversial. This book looks at a host of critical concepts in one volume, such as growth and development, adaptation and resilience, sustainability and responsibility, governance and planning and heritage and destination management strategies. By understanding the drivers of change, this book sheds new insight into the promise and role of sustainability and responsibility in tourism development. This book will be of great interest to all upper-level students, academics and researchers in the fields of Tourism, Geography and Cultural and Heritage studies.

The Semiotics Of New Spaces

The Semiotics of New Spaces PDF
Author: Charlyn Dyers
Publisher: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
ISBN: 1928357997
Size: 58.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 157
View: 7233

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In South Africa, the township or sub-economic state housing development has achieved a very significant position as a site for sociolinguistic research. The Semiotics of New Spaces - Languaging and Literacy Practices in one South African Township looks at the ways in which people are responding, through their semiotic practices, to the intense socio-historical changes taking place in post'apartheid South Africa. The study is set against the backdrop of Wesbank - one of the first racially mixed housing developments in the Western Cape. The result is a range of related topics, such as how cross-cultural and cross-linguistic families influence the language practices of their younger members; the impact of translingual friendships on language practices and attitudes; the ways in which older people use their existing literacies to negotiate the multilingual realities of the township and aspects such as identity, voice and agency as markers of a developing participatory citizenship.

Cities Of Gold Townships Of Coal

Cities of Gold  Townships of Coal PDF
Author: Patrick Bond
Publisher: Africa World Press
ISBN: 9780865436114
Size: 74.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 401
View: 5058

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After apartheid was dismantled, South Africa's townships anticipated a peace and development dividend. But as the ANC begins its second term in office (1999-2004), the cities have degenerated further into impoverished, polluted, under-serviced, zones of blight and despair. Indeed, in many respects, the townships were worse off than when the ANC took power. In this collection of essays, the author argues that the ANC's adoption of free-market economic and social policies is at the root of these problems and can be blamed for S Africa's uneven urban development.

Quality Of Life In South Africa

Quality of Life in South Africa PDF
Author: Valerie Møller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400914792
Size: 68.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 7224

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South Africa's peaceful transition to democracy has gained it world recognition. This book gives a frank report on contemporary South African society and the challenges which the new nation faces. Sixteen social scientists, experts in fields as wide-ranging as economics, politics, and development planning, have compiled a social report on South Africa two years into democracy. The volume covers critical concerns which impact on the well-being of the average South African. The dozen chapters in the book present facts and figures as well as in-depth commentary on social issues which South Africa must address. The authors discuss the legacies of the past, including poverty and social inequality; problems of transition ranging from trauma to crime; and the hopes for the future which lie in economic growth and development, a deeper understanding of democracy, and a healthy dose of optimism. The book draws on information from a wide variety of sources including government statistics, independent social surveys, community research, and opinion polls. This rich data weaves a tapestry of the quality of life in South Africa for Africa watchers and the general public.

Small Town Tourism In South Africa

Small Town Tourism in South Africa PDF
Author: Ronnie Donaldson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319680889
Size: 27.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 2794

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This book investigates small town tourism development in South Africa taking into account the most common strategies: branding, promotion, festivals and theming. The contents of the book resonate with the intersection of the power elite and their impacts on small town tourism. Because the book focuses on small town geographies in South Africa, the literature on small town tourism in the country is reviewed in Chapter 2 to provide a contextual background. Each subsequent chapter begins with an overview of international literature to give the conceptual context of the case studies each chapter explores. In Chapter 3 the concept of small town tourism branding is illustrated by an exploration of the Richmond book town. In Chapter 4 the branding theme is probed further in an investigation of two winners of the Kwêla Town of the Year competition namely Fouriesburg and De Rust. Chapter 5 documents the branding of Sedgefield through its proclamation as Africa’s first Cittaslow (slow town), a process driven by the local power elite to the exclusion of town’s poor who have no understanding of the intentions of the Cittaslow movement and its potential benefits for the town. Chapter 6 is a case study of Greyton’s tourism-led rural gentrification by which a small town has transformed in three decades to become a sought after place of residence for elite inmigrants so making the town a jewel tourism destination while reinforcing racial segregation. Because festivals and events - creations of the wealthy - have made significant financial contributions to small towns, Chapter 7 considers festivals and events as strategies to market and brand small towns in a particular way. Case studies of the economic impacts of festivals on small towns are assessed and the assessment methodologies used are critiqued. Chapter 8 provides a synthesis by drawing on the thesis of the urban growth machine by power elites.

Community Creations

Community Creations PDF
Author: Ikamva Labantu
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Beadwork
Languages : en
Pages : 55
View: 3333

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