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Ergativity In Amazonia

Ergativity in Amazonia PDF
Author: Spike Gildea
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027206708
Size: 44.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 6376

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This volume presents a typological/theoretical introduction plus eight papers about ergative alignment in 16 Amazonian languages. All are written by linguists with years of fieldwork and comparative experience in the region, all describe details of the synchronic systems, and several also provide diachronic insight into the evolution of these systems. The five papers in Part I focus on languages from four larger families with ergative patterns primarily in morphology. The typological contribution is in detailed consideration of unusual splits, changes in ergative patterns, and parallels between ergative main clauses and nominalizations. The three papers in Part II discuss genetically isolated languages. Two present dominant ergative patterns in both morphology and syntax, the other a syntactic inverse system that is predominantly ergative in discourse. In each, the authors demonstrate that identification of traditional grammatical relations is problematic. These data will figure in all future typological and theoretical debates about grammatical relations.

Ergativity In Amazonia

Ergativity in Amazonia PDF
Author: Spike Gildea
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027206708
Size: 71.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 5200

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This volume presents a typological/theoretical introduction plus eight papers about ergative alignment in 16 Amazonian languages. All are written by linguists with years of fieldwork and comparative experience in the region, all describe details of the synchronic systems, and several also provide diachronic insight into the evolution of these systems. The five papers in Part I focus on languages from four larger families with ergative patterns primarily in morphology. The typological contribution is in detailed consideration of unusual splits, changes in ergative patterns, and parallels between ergative main clauses and nominalizations. The three papers in Part II discuss genetically isolated languages. Two present dominant ergative patterns in both morphology and syntax, the other a syntactic inverse system that is predominantly ergative in discourse. In each, the authors demonstrate that identification of traditional grammatical relations is problematic. These data will figure in all future typological and theoretical debates about grammatical relations.

The Oxford Handbook Of Ergativity

The Oxford Handbook of Ergativity PDF
Author: Jessica Coon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191059773
Size: 61.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 960
View: 738

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This volume offers theoretical and descriptive perspectives on the issues pertaining to ergativity, a grammatical patterning whereby direct objects are in some way treated like intransitive subjects, to the exclusion of transitive subjects. This pattern differs markedly from nominative/accusative marking whereby transitive and intransitive subjects are treated as one grammatical class, to the exclusion of direct objects. While ergativity is sometimes referred to as a typological characteristic of languages, research on the phenomenon has shown that languages do not fall clearly into one category or the other and that ergative characteristics are not consistent across languages. Chapters in this volume look at approaches to ergativity within generative, typological, and functional paradigms, as well as approaches to the core morphosyntactic building blocks of an ergative construction; related constructions such as the anti-passive; related properties such as split ergativity and word order; and extensions and permutations of ergativity, including nominalizations and voice systems. The volume also includes results from experimental investigations of ergativity, a relatively new area of research. A wide variety of languages are represented, both in the theoretical chapters and in the 16 case studies that are more descriptive in nature, attesting to both the pervasiveness and diversity of ergative patterns.

Alignment And Ergativity In New Indo Aryan Languages

Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo Aryan Languages PDF
Author: Saartje Verbeke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311029267X
Size: 47.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 331
View: 5736

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The volume investigates the different alignment patterns in Indo-Aryan and shows that the variation of alignment patterns in Indo-Aryan goes beyond the opposition between accusativity and ergativity. The book includes a thorough discussion of the concepts and terminology relating to alignment patterns. The study draws extensively on new language data from Indo-Aryan. It includes discussions of examples taken from Hindi, Sanskrit, Apabhramsa, Asamiya, Bangla, Oriya, the Bihari languages, Nepali, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Siraiki, Poguli, Gujarati, Punjabi, Marwari, Harauti, the Hindi varieties, and Shina. The volume offers a comprehensive overview of various alignment patterns in Indo-Aryan based on a wide range of data. By focusing on lesser known Indo-Aryan languages, the study questions the central position of Hindi-Urdu in the research on ergativity. Each language is treated in its own right, with a focus on language-specific data and analyses, rather than relying on a notional format that starts with pre-established linguistic concepts. In accordance with this methodology, much attention is paid to "indirect" connections between ergative constructions and other syntactic and semantic patterns in the various languages.

Indo Aryan Ergativity In Typological And Diachronic Perspective

Indo Aryan Ergativity in Typological and Diachronic Perspective PDF
Author: Eystein Dahl
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027267162
Size: 63.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 267
View: 4978

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This volume presents a state-of-the-art survey of synchronic and diachronic dimensions of Ergativity in the Indo-Aryan language family. It contains an introduction drawing on the most important recent typological and theoretical contributions to this field, plus seven papers about the origin, development and distribution of ergative alignment in ancient and modern Indo-Aryan languages written by well-established expert authors. The articles provide detailed explorations of language-specific synchronic systems or patterns of change, and large-scale studies of the distribution of ergative morphosyntax across the Indo-Aryan languages. The papers have a typological-functional approach and are based on thorough fieldwork experience and/or philological investigation. As the Indo-Aryan language family has played a paramount role in recent theories of Ergativity and of alignment typology and change, this volume is highly relevant to experts working on these languages and to scholars interested in grammatical relations and it will figure in all future debates in these fields

Nonverbal Predication In Amazonian Languages

Nonverbal Predication in Amazonian Languages PDF
Author: Simon E. Overall
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264244
Size: 62.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 407
View: 7396

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This volume explores typological variation within nonverbal predication in Amazonian languages. Using abundant data, generally from original and extensive fieldwork on under-described languages, it presents a far more detailed picture of nonverbal predication constructions than previously published grammatical descriptions. On the one hand, it addresses the fact that current typologies of nonverbal predication are less developed than those of verbal predication; on the other, it provides a wealth of new data and analyses of Amazonian languages, which are still poorly represented in existing typologies. Several contributions offer historical insights, either reconstructing the sources of innovative nonverbal predicate constructions, or describing diachronic pathways by which constructions used for nonverbal predication spread to other functions in the grammar. The introduction provides a modern typological overview, and also proposes a new diachronic typology to explain how distinct types of nonverbal predication arise.

The Native Languages Of South America

The Native Languages of South America PDF
Author: Loretta O'Connor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107044286
Size: 45.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 5458

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In South America indigenous languages are extremely diverse. There are over one hundred language families in this region alone. Contributors from around the world explore the history and structure of these languages, combining insights from archaeology and genetics with innovative linguistic analysis. The book aims to uncover regional patterns and potential deeper genealogical relations between the languages. Based on a large-scale database of features from sixty languages, the book analyses major language families such as Tupian and Arawakan, as well as the Quechua/Aymara complex in the Andes, the Isthmo-Colombian region and the Andean foothills. It explores the effects of historical change in different grammatical systems and fills gaps in the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) database, where South American languages are underrepresented. An important resource for students and researchers interested in linguistics, anthropology and language evolution.

The Indigenous Languages Of South America

The Indigenous Languages of South America PDF
Author: Lyle Campbell
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311025803X
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 761
View: 1062

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Excerpt Open publication The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide is a thorough guide to the indigenous languages of this part of the world. With more than a third of the linguistic diversity of the world (in terms of language families and isolates), South American languages contribute new findings in most areas of linguistics. Though formerly one of the linguistically least known areas of the world, extensive descriptive and historical linguistic research in recent years has expanded knowledge greatly. These advances are represented in this volume in indepth treatments by the foremost scholars in the field, with chapters on the history of investigation, language classification, language endangerment, language contact, typology, phonology and phonetics, and on major language families and regions of South America. Reduced series price (print) available! [email protected]

Musik Und Religion

Musik und Religion PDF
Author: Jacob A. v. van Belzen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531196529
Size: 71.97 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 226
View: 6345

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Zwischen Musik und Religion gibt es vielerlei Beziehungen: Bekannte religiöse Texte sind unzählige Male vertont worden, religiöse Institutionen haben Kompositionen in Auftrag gegeben, in religiöser Architektur finden Konzerte statt usw. Auch der Psychologie gibt das Thema “religiöse Musik” viele Fragen vor: Warum berührt religiöse Musik Menschen oft eigentümlich, sogar solche, die sich als nicht-religiös empfinden? Sind Religiosität und Musikalität evolutionär-psychologisch analog zu verstehen? Haben Religion und Musik gleiche pränatale Wurzeln? Dienen sie denselben psychologischen Funktionen? Wie ist die manchmal therapeutische Rolle von Musik in religiösen Kontexten zu verstehen? Dies sind nur einige der Fragen, denen sich die AutorInnen in diesem Band widmen. Sie gewähren einen aufschlussreichen Einblick in die Möglichkeiten psychologischer Analyse der Beziehungen zwischen Religion und Musik.

Electrified Voices

Electrified Voices PDF
Author: Dmitri Zakharine
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847000241
Size: 11.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 416
View: 7694

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Ziel dieses Buches ist, das Phänomen der elektrifizierten Stimme interdisziplinär aus medientechnischen, sozialhistorischen und kulturvergleichenden Perspektiven zu erschließen. Der Fokus richtet sich auf drei Problemkomplexe: die gesellschaftliche Reflexion über Aufgaben der elektrischen Stimmübertragung, die Mediation von gender- und berufsspezifischen Stimmstereotypen in audio- und audiovisuellen Formaten und die Genese dieser Stimmstereotypen in nationalen Radio- und Filmkulturen. Die Historisierung der gesellschaftlichen Erfahrung im Bereich der Stimmmediation, Stimmmediennutzung und Stimmmediendeutung hat eine hohe Relevanz im Hinblick auf das Verständnis von zeitgenössischen kollektiven Lernprozessen, die durch den rasanten Technikwandel ausgelöst werden.

Syntax Theory And Analysis

Syntax   Theory and Analysis PDF
Author: Tibor Kiss
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110394235
Size: 79.17 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 815
View: 1715

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This Handbook represents the development of research and the current level of knowledge in the fields of syntactic theory and syntax analysis. Syntax can look back to a long tradition. Especially in the last 50 years, however, the interaction between syntactic theory and syntactic analysis has led to a rapid increase in analyses and theoretical suggestions. This second edition of the Handbook on Syntax adopts a unifying perspective and therefore does not place the division of syntactic theory into several schools to the fore, but the increase in knowledge resulting from the fruitful argumentations between syntactic analysis and syntactic theory. It uses selected phenomena of individual languages and their cross-linguistic realizations to explain what syntactic analyses can do and at the same time to show in what respects syntactic theories differ from each other. It investigates how syntax is related to neighbouring disciplines and investigate the role of the interfaces especially the relationship between syntax and phonology, morphology, compositional semantics, pragmatics, and the lexicon. The phenomena chosen bring together renowned experts in syntax, and represent the consensus reached as to what has to be considered as an important as well as illustrative syntactic phenomenon. The phenomena discuss do not only serve to show syntactic analyses, but also to compare theoretical approaches with each other.

A Grammar Of Purik Tibetan

A Grammar of Purik Tibetan PDF
Author: Marius Zemp
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004366318
Size: 29.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 994
View: 4492

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In A Grammar of Purik Tibetan, Marius Zemp offers a comprehensive description of the phonologically archaic Tibetan variety spoken in Jammu and Kashmir (India). This book goes beyond other language descriptions in that Zemp persistently provides diachronic accounts for functional divergences.

Ergativity Valency And Voice

Ergativity  Valency and Voice PDF
Author: Gilles Authier
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110227738
Size: 59.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 395
View: 4354

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This volume is a collection of articles concerned with the typology of valency and valence change in a large and diversified sample of languages that display ergative alignment in their grammar. The sample of languages represented in these descriptive contributions covers most of the geographical areas and linguistic families in which ergativity has been known to exist jointly with well-developed morphological voice, and some languages belonging to families in which ergativity or voice were not previously recognized or adequately described up to now.

Syntactic Architecture And Its Consequences Iii

Syntactic architecture and its consequences III PDF
Author: András Bárány
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3985540047
Size: 72.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 2654

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This volume collects novel contributions to comparative generative linguistics that “rethink” existing approaches to an extensive range of phenomena, domains, and architectural questions in linguistic theory. At the heart of the contributions is the tension between descriptive and explanatory adequacy which has long animated generative linguistics and which continues to grow thanks to the increasing amount and diversity of data available to us. The chapters develop novel insights into a number of core syntactic phenomena, such as the structure of and variation in diathesis, alignment types, case and agreement splits, and the syntax of null elements. Many of these contributions show the influence of research by Ian Roberts and collaborators and they provide varied perspectives on current research in synchronic and diachronic comparative syntax.

Perspectives On Semantic Roles

Perspectives on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269858
Size: 65.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 2338

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Semantic roles have continued to intrigue linguists for more than four decades now, starting with determining their kind and number, with their morphological expression, and with their interaction with argument structure and syntax. The focus in this volume is on typological and historical issues. The papers focus on the cross-linguistic identification of semantic-role equivalents, on the regularity of, and exceptions concerning change and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the variation of encoding the roles of direction and experiencer in specific languages, presenting evidence for identifying a new semantic role of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in word formation, and finally a cross-linguistic comparison of the functions and the grammaticalization of the ethical dative in some Indo-European languages. The book will be of interest to anyone involved with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic change and grammaticalization.

Non Canonically Case Marked Subjects

Non Canonically Case Marked Subjects PDF
Author: Jóhanna Barðdal
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027263515
Size: 39.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 163

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Interest in non-canonically case-marked subjects has been unceasing since the groundbreaking work of Andrews and Masica in the late 70’s who were the first to document the existence of syntactic subjects in another morphological case than the nominative. Their research was focused on Icelandic and South-Asian languages, respectively, and since then, oblique subjects have been reported for language after language throughout the world. This newfangled recognition of the concept of oblique subjects at the time was followed by discussions of the role and validity of subject tests, discussions of the verbal semantics involved, as well as discussions of the theoretical implications of this case marking strategy of syntactic subjects. This volume contributes to all these debates, making available research articles on different languages and language families, additionally highlighting issues like language contact, differential subject marking and the origin of oblique subjects.

Word Formation In South American Languages

Word Formation in South American Languages PDF
Author: Swintha Danielsen
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269661
Size: 53.29 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 805

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This volume focuses on word formation processes in smaller and so far underrepresented indigenous languages of South America. The data for the analyses have been mainly collected in the field by the authors. The several language families described here, among them Arawakan, Takanan, and Guaycuruan, as well as language isolates, such as Yurakaré and Cholón, reflect the linguistic diversity of South America. Equally diverse are the topics addressed, relating to word formation processes like reduplication, nominal and verbal compounding, clitic compounding, and incorporation. The traditional notions of the processes are discussed critically with respect to their implementation in minor indigenous languages. The book is therefore not only of interest to readers with an Amerindian background but also to typologists and historical linguists, and it is a supplement to more theory-driven approaches to language and linguistics.

Niuean

Niuean PDF
Author: Diane Massam
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192512110
Size: 46.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 4974

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This volume explores the grammar of Niuean, an endangered Polynesian language spoken on the island of Niue and in New Zealand, with a focus on the issue of predication. Since Aristotle, it has been claimed that a sentence consists of a subject and a predicate. Niuean constitutes the perfect testing ground for this claim: it displays verb-subject-object word order, in which the subject interrupts the predicate, and has an ergative case system, in which subjects are not clearly distinguished from objects in their marking for grammatical case. Diane Massam uses the framework of generative grammar to carry out a detailed analysis of the internal structure of Niuean predicates and arguments, as well as the relations between them, touching on many other topics including the nature of displacement, word formation, determiners, and thematic roles. The proposal is that Niuean complex predicates are formed via successive inversion, prior to the merge of all arguments (high argument merge), and that the predicate undergoes fronting to initial position across the arguments, with the same structure found also in nominal clauses. The conclusion is that Niuean does not have a subject in the usual sense, and this is related to the fact that the language has isolating morphology, lacking all tense and agreement inflection and nominative case. Instead, the language exhibits low absolutive predication, applicative ergative agents, and predicate fronting in lieu of subject extraction. The book extends our understanding of cross-linguistic sentence structure and grammatical case, and will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Austronesian linguistics, typology, and theoretical linguistics.

The Bloomsbury Companion To Historical Linguistics

The Bloomsbury Companion to Historical Linguistics PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 144114966X
Size: 68.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 6075

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Originally published as the Continuum Companion to Historical Linguistics, this book brings together a number of leading scholars who provide a combination of different approaches to current and new issues in historical linguistics, while supplying an exhaustive and up-to-date coverage of sub-fields traditionally regarded as central to historical linguistics research. The editors aim to build a solid background for further discussion and to indicate directions for new research on relevant open questions. The book includes coverage of key terms, a list of resources, and sections on: - history of research- methodology- phonology- morphology- grammatical categories- syntax- grammaticalization- semantics - etymology- language contact- sociolinguistics- causes of language change It is a complete resource for researchers working on historical linguistics.

Argument Selectors

Argument Selectors PDF
Author: Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027263027
Size: 48.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 536
View: 4160

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Capitalizing on the by now widely accepted idea of the construction-specific and language-specific nature of grammatical relations, the editors of the volume developed a modern framework for systematically capturing all sorts of variations in grammatical relations. The central concepts of this framework are the notions of argument role and its referential properties, argument selector, as well as various conditions on argument selections. The contributors of the volume applied this framework in their descriptions of grammatical relations in individual languages and discussed its limitations and advantages. This resulted in a coherent description of grammatical relations in thirteen genealogically and geographically diverse languages based on original and extensive fieldwork on under-described languages. The volume presents a far more detailed picture of the diversity of argument selectors and effects of predicates, referential properties of arguments, as well as of various clausal conditions on grammatical relations than previously published grammatical descriptions.