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Geologically Storing Carbon

Geologically Storing Carbon PDF
Author: Peter Cook
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 1486302319
Size: 79.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 3757

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Carbon capture and geological storage (CCS) is presently the only way that we can make deep cuts in emissions from fossil fuel-based, large-scale sources of CO2 such as power stations and industrial plants. But if this technology is to be acceptable to the community, it is essential that it is credibly demonstrated by world-class scientists and engineers in an open and transparent manner at a commercially significant scale. The aim of the Otway Project was to do just this. Geologically Storing Carbon provides a detailed account of the CO2CRC Otway Project, one of the most comprehensive demonstrations of the deep geological storage or geosequestration of carbon dioxide undertaken anywhere. This book of 18 comprehensive chapters written by leading experts in the field is concerned with outstanding science, but it is not just a collection of scientific papers – it is about 'learning by doing'. For example, it explains how the project was organised, managed, funded and constructed, as well as the approach taken to community issues, regulations and approvals. It also describes how to understand the site: Are the rocks mechanically suitable? Will the CO2 leak? Is there enough storage capacity? Is monitoring effective? This is the book for geologists, engineers, regulators, project developers, industry, communities or anyone who wants to better understand how a carbon storage project really 'works'. It is also for people concerned with obtaining an in-depth appreciation of one of the key technology options for decreasing greenhouse emissions to the atmosphere.

Geological Storage Of Carbon Dioxide Co2

Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide  CO2  PDF
Author: J Gluyas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709727X
Size: 16.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 366
View: 4135

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Geological storage and sequestration of carbon dioxide, in saline aquifers, depleted oil and gas fields or unminable coal seams, represents one of the most important processes for reducing humankind’s emissions of greenhouse gases. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). Part one provides an overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2. Chapters discuss anthropogenic climate change and the role of CCS, the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2, the monitoring of geological storage of CO2, and the role of pressure in CCS. Chapters in part two move on to explore the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and public engagement in projects, and the legal framework for CCS. Finally, part three focuses on a variety of different projects and includes case studies of offshore CO2 storage at Sleipner natural gas field beneath the North Sea, the CO2CRC Otway Project in Australia, on-shore CO2 storage at the Ketzin pilot site in Germany, and the K12-B CO2 injection project in the Netherlands. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a comprehensive resource for geoscientists and geotechnical engineers and academics and researches interested in the field. Reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) An overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2 discussing the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2 among other subjects Explores the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and the legal framework for CCS

Geological Carbon Storage

Geological Carbon Storage PDF
Author: Stéphanie Vialle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119118662
Size: 60.84 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 2652

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Geological Carbon Storage Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity Seals and caprocks are an essential component of subsurface hydrogeological systems, guiding the movement and entrapment of hydrocarbon and other fluids. Geological Carbon Storage: Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity offers a survey of the wealth of recent scientific work on caprock integrity with a focus on the geological controls of permanent and safe carbon dioxide storage, and the commercial deployment of geological carbon storage. Volume highlights include: Low-permeability rock characterization from the pore scale to the core scale Flow and transport properties of low-permeability rocks Fundamentals of fracture generation, self-healing, and permeability Coupled geochemical, transport and geomechanical processes in caprock Analysis of caprock behavior from natural analogues Geochemical and geophysical monitoring techniques of caprock failure and integrity Potential environmental impacts of carbon dioxide migration on groundwater resources Carbon dioxide leakage mitigation and remediation techniques Geological Carbon Storage: Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity is an invaluable resource for geoscientists from academic and research institutions with interests in energy and environment-related problems, as well as professionals in the field.

Geologic Carbon Sequestration

Geologic Carbon Sequestration PDF
Author: V. Vishal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319270192
Size: 80.35 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 338
View: 3579

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This exclusive compilation written by eminent experts from more than ten countries, outlines the processes and methods for geologic sequestration in different sinks. It discusses and highlights the details of individual storage types, including recent advances in the science and technology of carbon storage. The topic is of immense interest to geoscientists, reservoir engineers, environmentalists and researchers from the scientific and industrial communities working on the methodologies for carbon dioxide storage. Increasing concentrations of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are often held responsible for the rising temperature of the globe. Geologic sequestration prevents atmospheric release of the waste greenhouse gases by storing them underground for geologically significant periods of time. The book addresses the need for an understanding of carbon reservoir characteristics and behavior. Other book volumes on carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) attempt to cover the entire process of CCUS, but the topic of geologic sequestration is not discussed in detail. This book focuses on the recent trends and up-to-date information on different storage rock types, ranging from deep saline aquifers to coal to basaltic formations.

Geological Storage Of Co2 In Deep Saline Formations

Geological Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Formations PDF
Author: Auli Niemi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402409963
Size: 11.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 554
View: 7110

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This book offers readers a comprehensive overview, and an in-depth understanding, of suitable methods for quantifying and characterizing saline aquifers for the geological storage of CO2. It begins with a general overview of the methodology and the processes that take place when CO2 is injected and stored in deep saline-water-containing formations. It subsequently presents mathematical and numerical models used for predicting the consequences of CO2 injection. This book provides descriptions of relevant experimental methods, from laboratory experiments to field scale site characterization and techniques for monitoring spreading of the injected CO2 within the formation. Experiences from a number of important field injection projects are reviewed, as are those from CO2 natural analog sites. Lastly, the book presents relevant risk management methods. Geological storage of CO2 is widely considered to be a key technology capable of substantially reducing the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere, thereby reducing the negative impacts of such releases on the global climate. Around the world, projects are already in full swing, while others are now being initiated and executed to demonstrate the technology. Deep saline formations are the geological formations considered to hold the highest storage potential, due to their abundance worldwide. To date, however, these formations have been relatively poorly characterized, due to their low economic value. Accordingly, the processes involved in injecting and storing CO2 in such formations still need to be better quantified and methods for characterizing, modeling and monitoring this type of CO2 storage in such formations must be rapidly developed and refined.

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration In Geological Media

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Media PDF
Author: Matthias Grobe
Publisher: AAPG
ISBN: 0891810668
Size: 73.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 715
View: 5571

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"Over the past 20 years, the concept of storing or permanently storing carbon dioxide in geological media has gained increasing attention as part of the important technology option of carbon capture and storage within a portfolio of options aimed at reducing anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases to the earth's atmosphere. Research programs focusing on the establishment of field demonstration projects are being implemented worldwide to investigate the safety, feasibility, and permanence of carbon dioxide geological sequestration. AAPG Studies 59 presents a compilation of state of the science contributions from the international research community on the topic of carbon dioxide sequestration in geological media, also called geosequestration. This book is structured into eight parts, and, among other topics, provides an overview of the current status and challenges of the science, regional assessment studies of carbon dioxide geological sequestration potential, and a discussion of the economics and regulatory aspects of carbon dioxide sequestration."--P. [4] of cover.

Science Of Carbon Storage In Deep Saline Formations

Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations PDF
Author: Pania Newell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128127538
Size: 19.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 446
View: 3968

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Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations: Process Coupling across Time and Spatial Scales summarizes state-of-the-art research, emphasizing how the coupling of physical and chemical processes as subsurface systems re-equilibrate during and after the injection of CO2. In addition, it addresses, in an easy-to-follow way, the lack of knowledge in understanding the coupled processes related to fluid flow, geomechanics and geochemistry over time and spatial scales. The book uniquely highlights process coupling and process interplay across time and spatial scales that are relevant to geological carbon storage. Includes the underlying scientific research, as well as the risks associated with geological carbon storage Covers the topic of geological carbon storage from various disciplines, addressing the multi-scale and multi-physics aspects of geological carbon storage Organized by discipline for ease of navigation

Carbon Dioxide Capture For Storage In Deep Geologic Formations Results From The Co2 Capture Project

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations   Results from the CO2 Capture Project PDF
Author: David C Thomas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080457482
Size: 72.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1360
View: 1251

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Over the past decade, the prospect of climate change resulting from anthropogenic CO2 has become a matter of growing public concern. Not only is the reduction of CO2 emissions extremely important, but keeping the cost at a manageable level is a prime priority for companies and the public, alike. The CO2 capture project (CCP) came together with a common goal in mind: find a technological process to capture CO2 emissions that is relatively low-cost and able be to be expanded to industrial applications. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project outlines the research and findings of all the participating companies and associations involved in the CCP. The final results of thousands of hours of research are outlined in the book, showing a successful achievement of the CCP’s goals for lower cost CO2 capture technology and furthering the safe, reliable option of geological storage. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project is a valuable reference for any scientists, industrialists, government agencies, and companies interested in a safer, more cost-efficient response to the CO2 crisis. *Succeeds in tackling the most important issues at the heart of the CO2 crisis: lower-cost and safer solutions, and making the technology available at an industrial level. *Contains technical papers and findings of all researchers involved in the CO2 capture and storage project (CCP) *Consolidates thousands of hours of research into a concise and valuable reference work, providing up-to-the minute information on CO2 capture and underground storage alternatives.

Mechanisms For Co2 Sequestration In Geological Formations And Enhanced Gas Recovery

Mechanisms for CO2 Sequestration in Geological Formations and Enhanced Gas Recovery PDF
Author: Roozbeh Khosrokhavar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319230875
Size: 36.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 94
View: 2416

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This book gives background information why shale formations in the world are important both for storage capacity and enhanced gas recovery (EGR). Part of this book investigates the sequestration capacity in geological formations and the mechanisms for the enhanced storage rate of CO2 in an underlying saline aquifer. The growing concern about global warming has increased interest in geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). The main mechanism of the enhancement, viz., the occurrence of gravity fingers, which are the vehicles of enhanced transport in saline aquifers, can be visualized using the Schlieren technique. In addition high pressure experiments confirmed that the storage rate is indeed enhanced in porous media. The book is appropriate for graduate students, researchers and advanced professionals in petroleum and chemical engineering. It provides the interested reader with in-depth insights into the possibilities and challenges of CO2 storage and the EGR prospect.

Geological Disposal Of Carbon Dioxide And Radioactive Waste A Comparative Assessment

Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste  A Comparative Assessment PDF
Author: Ferenc L. Toth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048187126
Size: 66.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 621
View: 1398

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Fossil fuels will remain the backbone of the global energy economy for the foreseeable future. The contribution of nuclear energy to the global energy supply is also expected to increase. With the pressing need to mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the fossil energy industry is exploring the possibility of carbon dioxide disposal in geological media. Geological disposal has been studied for decades by the nuclear industry with a view to ensuring the safe containment of its wastes. Geological disposal of carbon dioxide and that of radioactive waste gives rise to many common concerns in domains ranging from geology to public acceptance. In this respect, comparative assessments reveal many similarities, ranging from the transformation of the geological environment and safety and monitoring concerns to regulatory, liability and public acceptance issues. However, there are profound differences on a broad range of issues as well, such as the quantities and hazardous features of the materials to be disposed of, the characteristics of the targeted geological media, the site engineering technologies involved and the timescales required for safe containment at the disposal location. There are ample opportunities to learn from comparisons and to derive insights that will assist policymakers responsible for national energy strategies and international climate policies.

Carbon Sequestration For Climate Change Mitigation And Adaptation

Carbon Sequestration for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation PDF
Author: David A. N. Ussiri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319538454
Size: 60.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 549
View: 630

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This book provides an understanding of the role of human activities in accelerating change in global carbon cycling summarizes current knowledge of the contemporary carbon budget. Starting from the geological history, this volume follows a multidisciplinary approach to analyze the role of human activities in perturbing carbon cycling by quantifying changes in different reservoirs and fluxes of carbon with emphasis on the anthropogenic activities, especially after the industrial revolution. It covers the role of different mitigation options – natural ecological, engineered, and geoengineered processes as well as the emerging field of climate engineering in avoiding dangerous abrupt climate change. Although the targeted audience is the educators, students, researchers and scientific community, the simplified analysis and synthesis of current and up to date scientific literature makes the volume easier to understand and a tool policy makers can use to make an informed policy decisions.

Geochemistry Of Geologic Co2 Sequestration

Geochemistry of Geologic CO2 Sequestration PDF
Author: Donald J. DePaolo
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501508075
Size: 75.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 553
View: 1177

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Volume 77 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry focuses on important aspects of the geochemistry of geological CO2 sequestration. It is in large part an outgrowth of research conducted by members of the U.S. Department of Energy funded Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) known as the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC). Eight out of the 15 chapters have been led by team members from the NCGC representing six of the eight partner institutions making up this center - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (lead institution, D. DePaolo - PI), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, The Ohio State University, the University of California Davis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Washington University, St. Louis.

Carbon Capture

Carbon Capture PDF
Author: Ronald E. Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847559174
Size: 55.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 7507

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Reports on methods of capturing and storing CO2 from major sources to reduce the levels emitted to the atmosphere by human activities.

Algal Biofuel

Algal Biofuel PDF
Author: Richa. Kothari
Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
ISBN: 9386530945
Size: 23.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 5241

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Present energy situation around the globe is unsustainable due to unequal distribution of natural resources as well as different environmental, geopolitical, and economical concerns. Rise in population with accelerated increase in industrial sector has led to rapid increase in the consumption of energy sources, which will make them extinct soon. To combat environmental pollution and mitigate the effects of greenhouse gases, it has become imperative that an alternative energy source is found which is sustainable and renewable. Biofuels is one such renewable, sustainable and affordable energy source that has the potential to replace conventional energy sources. Algal Biofuel: sustainable solution explores a wide spectrum of bioenergy sources, including their applications. It provides latest information in the field of bioenergy technologies and their future prospect including lipid content. It discusses governance of biofuel at global and national level and the potential of biofuel to meet the rising energy demand. The book focuses towards the strategies to ensure the availability of algal biomass, effective cultivation and harvesting techniques. The strategies to enhance the algal lipid synthesis and its conversion for biodiesel production have been also elaborated. Detailed Table of Contents: Foreword Preface 1. Biorefinery: A Future Approach for a Sustainable Bioeconomy Introduction Role of Government, Public, and Private Stakeholders Conclusion 2. Algal biomass harvesting for biofuel production Introduction Harvesting process Future prospects and conclusions 3. Biogas as Bioenergy Option: Advances and Challenges Introduction Biochemical Processes of Anaerobic Digestion Feedstock materials Microbial community Important parameters Properties of Biogas Upgradation of Biogas Types of Digesters Applications of Biogas Challenges/bottlenecks Conclusion 4. Application of algal biomass as a feedstock 93for fermentative biohydrogen production Introduction Microalgae Advantages and Limitations of Biohydrogen from Microalgae Conclusion 5. Bioethanol Production from Lignocellulosic/Algal Biomass: 107Potential Sustainable Approach Introduction Bioethanol from Lignocellulosic Material Conclusion 6. Crop Residues as a Potential Substrate for 121Bioenergy Production: An Overview Introduction Agricultural Residues for Bioenergy Production Biomass-to-bioenergy Conversion Pathways Conclusion 7. Magnetic Harvesting of Microalgae Biomass forCost-effective Algal Biofuel Production Introduction Magnetic Materials for Microalgae Harvesting Factors Influencing Magnetic Harvesting Process Recovery of Magnetic Materials and Biomass Detachment Biocompatibility of Magnetic Nanoparticles and Recovery of Growth Medium Conclusion 8. Biodiesel Production from Non-edible Oilseeds Introduction Non-edible Oilseeds as Biodiesel Feedstock Properties of Free Fatty Acids in Non-edible Oils Biodiesel Production Technology for Non-edible Oilseeds Fuel Properties of Biodiesel Economic Feasibility of Biodiesel from Non-edible Oils Advantages of Non-edible Oilseed Crops National Efforts to Promote Non-edible Plant Species Conclusion 9. Carbon Sequestration and Biofuel Production byMicroalgae: An Integrated and Sustainable Approach Introduction Carbon Sequestration Carbon Sequestration by Microalgae Carbon Concentrating Mechanism Algal Species Factors Affecting Microalgal Efficiency Biosynthesis of Lipids in Microalgae Microalgal Biomass Harvesting and Processing Microalgal Lipid Extractions Production of Biofuels Chemical Conversion Thermochemical Conversion Biochemical Conversion Conclusion 10. Role of Meteorological Parameters on Atmospheric Aerosols Concentration and Its Control through Modern Biomass Application Introduction Aerosols Shape and Size of Aerosols Aerosol Sources Aerosol Removal Processes Implications of Aerosols Brief History of Earlier Aerosol Studies Experimental Technique Used Results and Discussion Modern Biomass Application to Control Aerosol Emission Conclusion 11. Application of Immobilized Algae in Water and Wastewater Treatment Immobilization Immobilization Techniques Application of Immobilized Algae Nutrient Removal Metal Removal Removal of Organic Compounds Lipid Content of Immobilized Algae Conclusion and Future Work 12. Recent Biotechnological Approaches for Bioenergy Production: The Path Forward Introduction Biotechnological Approaches in Bioenergy Production Different Biotechnological Approaches for Bioenergy Production Biotechnology and Sustainable Society Conclusion 13. Lipid induction in algal biomass for sustainable bioenergy production Introduction Composition of Microalgal Lipid Factors affecting lipid productivity in algal biomass Engineering efforts of lipid enhancement Conclusion About the Editors Index

Structural Geology And Rock Engineering

Structural Geology and Rock Engineering PDF
Author: John W Cosgrove
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1783269596
Size: 70.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 552
View: 2106

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The exploration and extraction of the earth's resources are key issues in global industrial development. In the 21st century, emphasis has increasingly being placed on geo-engineering safety, engineering accountability and sustainability. With focus on rock engineering projects, Structural Geology and Rock Engineering uses case studies and an integrated engineering approach to provide an understanding of projects constructed on or in rock masses. Based on Professors Cosgrove and Hudson's university teaching at Imperial College London, as well as relevant short course presentations, it explains the processes required for engineering modelling, design and construction. The first half of the book provides step-by-step presentations of the principles of structural geology and rock mechanics with special emphasis on the integration between the two subjects. The second half of the book turns principles into practice. A wealth of practical engineering examples are presented, including evaluations of bridge foundations, quarries, dams, opencast coal mining, underground rock engineering, historical monuments and stone buildings. This up-to-date, well-illustrated guide is ideal for teachers, researchers and engineers interested in the study and practice of rock-based projects in engineering.

The Irish Yearbook Of International Law Volume 6 2011

The Irish Yearbook of International Law  Volume 6  2011 PDF
Author: Fiona de Londras
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250972
Size: 32.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 254
View: 4165

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The Irish Yearbook of International Law is intended to stimulate further research into Ireland's practice in international affairs and foreign policy, filling a gap in existing legal scholarship and assisting in the dissemination of Irish thinking and practice on matters of international law. On an annual basis, the Yearbook presents peer-reviewed academic articles and book reviews on general issues of international law. Designated correspondents provide reports on international law developments in Ireland, Irish practice in international fora and the European Union, and the practice of joint North-South implementation bodies in Ireland. In addition, the Yearbook reproduces documents that reflect Irish practice on contemporary issues of international law. Publication of the Irish Yearbook of International Law makes Irish practice and opinio juris more readily available to Governments, academics and international bodies when determining the content of international law. In providing a forum for the documentation and analysis of North-South relations the Yearbook also makes an important contribution to post-conflict and transitional justice studies internationally. As a matter of editorial policy, the Yearbook seeks to promote a multilateral approach to international affairs, reflecting and reinforcing Ireland's long-standing commitment to multilateralism as a core element of foreign policy.