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Germany 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Germany

Germany  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498318541
Size: 69.70 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 1416

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KEY ISSUES Context: ? Germany fundamentals are sound: balance sheets are generally healthy, unemployment is at a historic low, and the fiscal position is strong. ? While a recovery is underway, medium-term growth prospects are subdued and the current account surplus remains high. The economy also faces a still weak international environment, lingering uncertainty (including about future energy costs), and fast approaching adverse demographic changes. ? Germany could do more to increase its growth, thus strengthening its role as an engine of euro area recovery. Policy recommendations: ? Germany has the fiscal space to finance an increase in needed public investment, particularly in the transport infrastructure. Unlike public consumption, this would durably raise German output and have measurable growth spillovers on the rest of the euro area. ? Further reforms in services sector regulation would boost competition and productivity. ? Greater clarity about the future energy sector regulatory framework would encourage private investment in the energy infrastructure and beyond and strengthen the outlook. ? Decisions on the future level of the minimum wage should take into account the employment effects in certain regions. ? Banks should keep strengthening their capital position ahead of the completion of the ECB’s Comprehensive Assessment. ? The macroprudential framework needs to be ready as monetary conditions are set to remain accommodative for a prolonged period.

Germany

Germany PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.52 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 243

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"Germany fundamentals are sound: balance sheets are generally healthy, unemployment is at a historic low, and the fiscal position is strong. While a recovery is underway, medium-term growth prospects are subdued and the current account surplus remains high. The economy also faces a still weak international environment, lingering uncertainty (including about future energy costs), and fast approaching adverse demographic changes. Germany could do more to increase its growth, thus strengthening its role as an engine of euro area recovery. Policy recommendations: Germany has the fiscal space to finance an increase in needed public investment, particularly in the transport infrastructure. Unlike public consumption, this would durably raise German output and have measurable growth spillovers on the rest of the euro area. Further reforms in services sector regulation would boost competition and productivity. Greater clarity about the future energy sector regulatory framework would encourage private investment in the energy infrastructure and beyond and strengthen the outlook. Decisions on the future level of the minimum wage should take into account the employment effects in certain regions. Banks should keep strengthening their capital position ahead of the completion of the ECB's Comprehensive Assessment. The macroprudential framework needs to be ready as monetary conditions are set to remain accommodative for a prolonged period"--Abstract.

Germany

Germany PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498307051
Size: 53.43 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 4501

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KEY ISSUES Context: ? Germany fundamentals are sound: balance sheets are generally healthy, unemployment is at a historic low, and the fiscal position is strong. ? While a recovery is underway, medium-term growth prospects are subdued and the current account surplus remains high. The economy also faces a still weak international environment, lingering uncertainty (including about future energy costs), and fast approaching adverse demographic changes. ? Germany could do more to increase its growth, thus strengthening its role as an engine of euro area recovery. Policy recommendations: ? Germany has the fiscal space to finance an increase in needed public investment, particularly in the transport infrastructure. Unlike public consumption, this would durably raise German output and have measurable growth spillovers on the rest of the euro area. ? Further reforms in services sector regulation would boost competition and productivity. ? Greater clarity about the future energy sector regulatory framework would encourage private investment in the energy infrastructure and beyond and strengthen the outlook. ? Decisions on the future level of the minimum wage should take into account the employment effects in certain regions. ? Banks should keep strengthening their capital position ahead of the completion of the ECB’s Comprehensive Assessment. ? The macroprudential framework needs to be ready as monetary conditions are set to remain accommodative for a prolonged period.

The Shifting Global Economic Architecture

The Shifting Global Economic Architecture PDF
Author: Jonathan Luckhurst
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319631578
Size: 64.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 6538

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This book analyzes the shifting global economic architecture, indicating the decentralizing authority in global economic governance since the Cold War and, especially, following the 2008-09 global financial crisis. The author examines recent adjustments to the organizational framework, contestation of policy principles, norms, and practices, and destabilizing actor hierarchies, particularly in global macroeconomic, trade, and development governance. The study's ‘analytical eclecticism’ includes a core constructivist IR approach, but also incorporates insights from several international relations theories as well as political and economic theory. The book develops a unique ‘analytical matrix’, which analyzes effects of strategic, political, and cognitive authority in the organizational, policy, and actor contexts of the global economic architecture. It concludes that, despite concerns about potential fragmentation, decentralizing authority has increased the integration of leading developing states and new actors in contemporary global economic governance.

Europ Ische Wirtschaftspolitik

Europ  ische Wirtschaftspolitik PDF
Author: Jens Klose
Publisher: Schäffer-Poeschel
ISBN: 3791041312
Size: 32.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 318
View: 1083

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Das Lehrbuch erläutert Grundlagen der europäischen Wirtschaftspolitik: Fiskalpolitik und ihre Institutionen auf nationaler Ebene Resultierende Koordinationsprobleme Institutionen und Ziele der europäischen Geldpolitik Mithilfe von Modellen werden Auswirkungen und das Zusammenspiel von Fiskal- und Geldpolitik untersucht. Besondere Beachtung finden die fiskal- und geldpolitischen Neuerungen im Gefolge der Finanzkrise von 2008/2009. Mit einem Ausblick auf die zukünftige wirtschaftliche Integration Europas.

Hungary 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Hungary

Hungary  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Hungary PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498306721
Size: 61.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 241

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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Hungary’s economy has emerged from the 2012 recession and posted 1.1 percent growth in 2013, mainly driven by government investment and consumption, and also net exports. Private demand—although strengthening on the back of accommodative monetary conditions and improved market confidence—remained weak, and credit to the retail and corporate sectors continued to contract, albeit at a slowing pace. Hungary’s medium-term growth prospects remain subdued, as private consumption is still hampered by the ongoing repair of households’ balance sheets; the weak business environment continues to weigh on private investment.

Shipping Business Unwrapped

Shipping Business Unwrapped PDF
Author: Okan Duru
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351864785
Size: 24.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 130
View: 6038

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The shipping business is a lesser-known industry, but it is an extremely influential element in the global economy. This book provides a snapshot of the shipping business with micro-foundations from the perspectives of institutional and behavioural economics while uncovering hidden facts about the industry. Rather than spending a great deal of time reading many books or consulting costly advisors about fundamental issues, readers can quickly and easily find core concepts examined from multiple perspectives. They will certainly enjoy the engaging, narrative-driven content and learn many surprising truths about this fascinating business.

Austria 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Austria

Austria  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498311806
Size: 48.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 73
View: 2962

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KEY ISSUES Context: Austria did not experience a severe boom-bust cycle and came through the crisis relatively well. The main impact was on the banking sector and public debt. With cyclical slack low and the recovery taking hold, this is the time to resolve crisis legacies and address long-standing structural issues. Outlook and risks: The recovery is taking hold, driven by a pick-up in exports. The most acute risks are mainly geopolitical and could in particular lead to financial spillovers. Financial sector policies: Bank restructuring should now be rapidly completed and bad asset disposal accelerated. Large internationally active banks should stand ready for further capital increases, and the EU banking union framework needs to be swiftly transposed at the national level. Public expenditure reforms: More decisive expenditure reforms in key areas such as pensions, health care, subsidies, and fiscal federalism would generate savings that could be used for both an accelerated debt reduction and lower labor taxation. Boosting potential output growth: Enhancing IT adaptation, improving the performance of the education system, facilitating access to financing for innovative start- ups, and reducing administrative barriers for new businesses would raise potential growth and labor productivity.

Das Euro Desaster

Das Euro Desaster PDF
Author: Heiner Flassbeck
Publisher: Westend Verlag
ISBN: 3864897092
Size: 72.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 224
View: 1117

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EUROPA OHNE KRISE IST MÖGLICH ARGUMENTE FÜR EINE ABKEHR VOM NEOLIBERALISMUS Der Euro steckt seit 2008 in einer tiefen Krise, die nicht enden will und den Fortbestand der Währungsunion gefährdet. Doch Deutschland verweigert sich der Einsicht, dass es selbst eine entscheidende Schuld an der Misere hat. Stattdessen werden "Krisenländer" wie Griechenland, Portugal und Spanien als Schuldige an den Pranger gestellt. Jörg Bibow und Heiner Flassbeck zeigen in ihrem Buch, dass die Eurogruppe unter der Führung Deutschlands für die unnötige Verlängerung der Krise verantwortlich ist. Die verordnete Austeritätspolitik und die sogenannte "Arbeitsmarktflexibilisierung" haben die Krise vertieft und verlängert. Bis heute wird nicht verstanden, dass Lohnsenkung unmittelbar die Arbeitslosigkeit erhöht, weil man damit die Binnennachfrage zerstört. Und Frankreich zeigt in diesen Tagen, dass es diese Lektion nicht gelernt hat.

Exportismus

Exportismus PDF
Author: Andreas Nölke
Publisher: Westend Verlag
ISBN: 3864898226
Size: 59.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 176
View: 2574

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Das deutsche Wirtschaftsmodell ist unausgewogen und hochgradig riskant. Der Grund: Die starke Abhängigkeit von der Droge Exportismus. Andreas Nölke zeigt die aktuellen Gefahren der Exportlastigkeit der deutschen Wirtschaft und liefert ein fulminantes Plädoyer für ein neues Wirtschaftsmodell, das nachhaltiger, stabiler und im globalen Kontext ausgewogener balanciert ist.