**Author**:

**Publisher:**臺灣商務印書館

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 34.11 MB

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## Key To Tarski S Introduction To Logic

**Author**:

**Publisher:** 臺灣商務印書館

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 34.11 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub

**Category : **

**Languages : **zh-CN

**Pages : **

**View:** 3105

## Wahrheit Und Korresponde N Z Bei Tarski

**Author**: Luis Fernández Moreno

**Publisher:** Königshausen & Neumann

**ISBN:** 9783884796504

**Size**: 78.43 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Category : **Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

**Languages : **de

**Pages : **183

**View:** 4561

## Introduction To Logic And To The Methodology Of The Deductive Sciences

**Author**: Alfred Tarski

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press

**ISBN:** 0198021399

**Size**: 28.83 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Docs

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **256

**View:** 3794

Now in its fourth edition, this classic work clearly and concisely introduces the subject of logic and its applications. The first part of the book explains the basic concepts and principles which make up the elements of logic. The author demonstrates that these ideas are found in all branches of mathematics, and that logical laws are constantly applied in mathematical reasoning. The second part of the book shows the applications of logic in mathematical theory building with concrete examples that draw upon the concepts and principles presented in the first section. Numerous exercises and an introduction to the theory of real numbers are also presented. Students, teachers and general readers interested in logic and mathematics will find this book to be an invaluable introduction to the subject.

## Philosophical Perceptions On Logic And Order

**Author**: Horne, Jeremy

**Publisher:** IGI Global

**ISBN:** 1522524444

**Size**: 46.44 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Docs

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **402

**View:** 7003

Strong reasoning skills are an important aspect to cultivate in life, as they directly impact decision making on a daily basis. By examining the different ways the world views logic and order, new methods and techniques can be employed to help expand on this skill further in the future. Philosophical Perceptions on Logic and Order is a pivotal scholarly resource that discusses the evolution of logical reasoning and future applications for these types of processes. Highlighting relevant topics including logic patterns, deductive logic, and inductive logic, this publication is an ideal reference source for academicians, students, and researchers that would like to expand their understanding of how society currently employs the use of logical reasoning techniques.

## Alfred Tarski Philosophy Of Language And Logic

**Author**: Douglas Patterson

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 0230367224

**Size**: 67.49 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **262

**View:** 4837

This study looks to the work of Tarski's mentors Stanislaw Lesniewski and Tadeusz Kotarbinski, and reconsiders all of the major issues in Tarski scholarship in light of the conception of Intuitionistic Formalism developed: semantics, truth, paradox, logical consequence.

## Zahl Und Numerale

**Author**: Heike Wiese

**Publisher:** De Gruyter Akademie Forschung

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 70.19 MB

**Format:** PDF, Mobi

**Category : **Grammar, Comparative and general

**Languages : **de

**Pages : **389

**View:** 2590

## Interdisciplinary Perspectives On Math Cognition

**Author**: Marcel Danesi

**Publisher:** Springer Nature

**ISBN:** 3030225372

**Size**: 71.63 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **344

**View:** 6986

This is an anthology of contemporary studies from various disciplinary perspectives written by some of the world's most renowned experts in each of the areas of mathematics, neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, semiotics, education, and more. Its purpose is not to add merely to the accumulation of studies, but to show that math cognition is best approached from various disciplinary angles, with the goal of broadening the general understanding of mathematical cognition through the different theoretical threads that can be woven into an overall understanding. This volume will be of interest to mathematicians, cognitive scientists, educators of mathematics, philosophers of mathematics, semioticians, psychologists, linguists, anthropologists, and all other kinds of scholars who are interested in the nature, origin, and development of mathematical cognition.

## An Introduction To Mathematical Logic

**Author**: Richard E. Hodel

**Publisher:** Courier Corporation

**ISBN:** 0486497852

**Size**: 80.46 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **491

**View:** 3380

This comprehensive overview ofmathematical logic is designedprimarily for advanced undergraduatesand graduate studentsof mathematics. The treatmentalso contains much of interest toadvanced students in computerscience and philosophy. Topics include propositional logic;first-order languages and logic; incompleteness, undecidability,and indefinability; recursive functions; computability;and Hilbert’s Tenth Problem.Reprint of the PWS Publishing Company, Boston, 1995edition.

## The History Of Philosophical And Formal Logic

**Author**: Alex Malpass

**Publisher:** Bloomsbury Publishing

**ISBN:** 1472505255

**Size**: 17.71 MB

**Format:** PDF, Kindle

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **256

**View:** 5980

The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic introduces ideas and thinkers central to the development of philosophical and formal logic. From its Aristotelian origins to the present-day arguments, logic is broken down into four main time periods: Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Aristotle and The Stoics) The early modern period (Bolzano, Boole) High modern period (Frege, Peano & Russell and Hilbert) Early 20th century (Godel and Tarski) Each new time frame begins with an introductory overview highlighting themes and points of importance. Chapters discuss the significance and reception of influential works and look at historical arguments in the context of contemporary debates. To support independent study, comprehensive lists of primary and secondary reading are included at the end of chapters, along with exercises and discussion questions. By clearly presenting and explaining the changes to logic across the history of philosophy, The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic constructs an easy-to-follow narrative. This is an ideal starting point for students looking to understand the historical development of logic.

## Don Pigozzi On Abstract Algebraic Logic Universal Algebra And Computer Science

**Author**: Janusz Czelakowski

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 331974772X

**Size**: 75.21 MB

**Format:** PDF

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **454

**View:** 5084

This book celebrates the work of Don Pigozzi on the occasion of his 80th birthday. In addition to articles written by leading specialists and his disciples, it presents Pigozzi’s scientific output and discusses his impact on the development of science. The book both catalogues his works and offers an extensive profile of Pigozzi as a person, sketching the most important events, not only related to his scientific activity, but also from his personal life. It reflects Pigozzi's contribution to the rise and development of areas such as abstract algebraic logic (AAL), universal algebra and computer science, and introduces new scientific results. Some of the papers also present chronologically ordered facts relating to the development of the disciplines he contributed to, especially abstract algebraic logic. The book offers valuable source material for historians of science, especially those interested in history of mathematics and logic.

## Studies In The World Public Order

**Author**: Myres S Mac Dougal

**Publisher:** Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

**ISBN:** 9780898389005

**Size**: 35.84 MB

**Format:** PDF

**Category : **Law

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **1

**View:** 7222

## Writings Of Charles S Peirce A Chronological Edition Volume 5

**Author**: Charles S. Peirce

**Publisher:** Indiana University Press

**ISBN:** 0253016681

**Size**: 36.20 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Docs

**Category : **Literary Criticism

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **676

**View:** 3432

"Highly recommended." —Choice "... an important event for the world of philosophy. For the first time we have available in an intelligible form the writings of one of the greatest philosophers of the past hundred years." —The Times Literary Supplement Volume 5 of this landmark edition covers an important transition in Peirce's life, marked by a rekindled enthusiasm for speculative philosophy. The writings include essays relating to his all-embracing theory of categories as well as papers on logic and mathematics.

## Logic

**Author**: Laurence Goldstein

**Publisher:** Continuum International Publishing Group

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 13.84 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **200

**View:** 7002

Key Concepts in Philosophy is a series of concise, accessible and engaging introductions to the core ideas and subjects encountered in the study of philosophy. Specially written to meet the needs of students and those with an interest in, but little prior knowledge of, philosophy, the books open up fascinating, yet sometimes difficult ideas. The series builds to give a solid grounding in philosophy and each book is also ideal as a companion to further study. An understanding of logic is fundamental to the study of philosophy. This stimulating and thorough guidebook offers clear explanation and exploration of the central issues and questions addressed when studying logic. The topics covered include: Reason and unreason; Proving a point; Entailment; Truth; The logic of components of speech and language. An invaluable resource for those studying logic for the first time, this text provides a sound grasp of a fascinating, but often complex - and even daunting - component of philosophy.

## Unity Truth And The Liar

**Author**: Shahid Rahman

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 1402084684

**Size**: 42.14 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **338

**View:** 5395

Andinmy haste, I said: “Allmenare Liars” 1 —Psalms 116:11 The Original Lie Philosophical analysis often reveals and seldom solves paradoxes. To quote Stephen Read: A paradox arises when an unacceptable conclusion is supported by a plausible argument from apparently acceptable premises. [...] So three di?erent reactions to the paradoxes are possible: to show that the r- soning is fallacious; or that the premises are not true after all; or that 2 the conclusion can in fact be accepted. There are sometimes elaborate ways to endorse a paradoxical conc- sion. One might be prepared to concede that indeed there are a number of grains that make a heap, but no possibility to know this number. However, some paradoxes are more threatening than others; showing the conclusiontobeacceptableisnotaseriousoption,iftheacceptanceleads to triviality. Among semantic paradoxes, the Liar (in any of its versions) 3 o?ers as its conclusion a bullet no one would be willing to bite. One of the most famous versions of the Liar Paradox was proposed by Epimenides, though its attribution to the Cretan poet and philosopher has only a relatively recent history. It seems indeed that Epimenides was mentioned neither in ancient nor in medieval treatments of the Liar 1 Jewish Publication Society translation. 2 Read [1].

## The Oxford Companion To Philosophy

**Author**: Ted Honderich

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press

**ISBN:** 0199264791

**Size**: 21.25 MB

**Format:** PDF, Kindle

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **1056

**View:** 5403

An in-depth philosophical reference work furnishes clear and reliable guidance on the ideas of philosophers, ranging from antiquity to the present day, and the major philosophical systems around the globe.

## Dynamic Logic New Trends And Applications

**Author**: Alexandre Madeira

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3319735799

**Size**: 31.48 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Docs

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **201

**View:** 7736

This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Workshop on Dynamic Logic, DALI 2017, held in Brasilia, Brazil, in September 2017. Both its theoretical relevance and practical potential make Dynamic Logic a topic of interest in a number of scientific venues, from wide-scope software engineering conferences to modal logic specific events. The workshop is promoted by an R&D project on dynamic logics for cyber-physical systems. The 12 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. The workshop is based on the project DaLí – Dynamic logics for cyber-physical systems: towards contract based design.

## The Publishers Trade List Annual

**Author**:

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 48.74 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Docs

**Category : **American literature

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **

**View:** 6969

## Introduction To Boolean Algebras

**Author**: Steven Givant

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 0387402934

**Size**: 23.71 MB

**Format:** PDF

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **574

**View:** 1609

This book is an informal though systematic series of lectures on Boolean algebras. It contains background chapters on topology and continuous functions and includes hundreds of exercises as well as a solutions manual.

## Biographisch Literarisches Handw Rterbuch Der Exakten Naturwissenschaften

**Author**: Johann Ch. Poggendorff

**Publisher:** Wiley-VCH

**ISBN:** 9783527401413

**Size**: 68.32 MB

**Format:** PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Category : **Science

**Languages : **de

**Pages : **334

**View:** 7087

## J C Poggendorffs Biographisch Literarisches Handw Rterbuch Zur Geschichte Der Exacten Wissenschaften

**Author**: Johann Christian Poggendorff

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Size**: 20.15 MB

**Format:** PDF, Kindle

**Category : **Science

**Languages : **de

**Pages : **

**View:** 5920

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Now in its fourth edition, this classic work clearly and concisely introduces the subject of logic and its applications. The first part of the book explains the basic concepts and principles which make up the elements of logic. The author demonstrates that these ideas are found in all branches of mathematics, and that logical laws are constantly applied in mathematical reasoning. The second part of the book shows the applications of logic in mathematical theory building with concrete examples that draw upon the concepts and principles presented in the first section. Numerous exercises and an introduction to the theory of real numbers are also presented. Students, teachers and general readers interested in logic and mathematics will find this book to be an invaluable introduction to the subject.

Strong reasoning skills are an important aspect to cultivate in life, as they directly impact decision making on a daily basis. By examining the different ways the world views logic and order, new methods and techniques can be employed to help expand on this skill further in the future. Philosophical Perceptions on Logic and Order is a pivotal scholarly resource that discusses the evolution of logical reasoning and future applications for these types of processes. Highlighting relevant topics including logic patterns, deductive logic, and inductive logic, this publication is an ideal reference source for academicians, students, and researchers that would like to expand their understanding of how society currently employs the use of logical reasoning techniques.

This study looks to the work of Tarski's mentors Stanislaw Lesniewski and Tadeusz Kotarbinski, and reconsiders all of the major issues in Tarski scholarship in light of the conception of Intuitionistic Formalism developed: semantics, truth, paradox, logical consequence.

This is an anthology of contemporary studies from various disciplinary perspectives written by some of the world's most renowned experts in each of the areas of mathematics, neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, semiotics, education, and more. Its purpose is not to add merely to the accumulation of studies, but to show that math cognition is best approached from various disciplinary angles, with the goal of broadening the general understanding of mathematical cognition through the different theoretical threads that can be woven into an overall understanding. This volume will be of interest to mathematicians, cognitive scientists, educators of mathematics, philosophers of mathematics, semioticians, psychologists, linguists, anthropologists, and all other kinds of scholars who are interested in the nature, origin, and development of mathematical cognition.

This comprehensive overview ofmathematical logic is designedprimarily for advanced undergraduatesand graduate studentsof mathematics. The treatmentalso contains much of interest toadvanced students in computerscience and philosophy. Topics include propositional logic;first-order languages and logic; incompleteness, undecidability,and indefinability; recursive functions; computability;and Hilbert’s Tenth Problem.Reprint of the PWS Publishing Company, Boston, 1995edition.

The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic introduces ideas and thinkers central to the development of philosophical and formal logic. From its Aristotelian origins to the present-day arguments, logic is broken down into four main time periods: Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Aristotle and The Stoics) The early modern period (Bolzano, Boole) High modern period (Frege, Peano & Russell and Hilbert) Early 20th century (Godel and Tarski) Each new time frame begins with an introductory overview highlighting themes and points of importance. Chapters discuss the significance and reception of influential works and look at historical arguments in the context of contemporary debates. To support independent study, comprehensive lists of primary and secondary reading are included at the end of chapters, along with exercises and discussion questions. By clearly presenting and explaining the changes to logic across the history of philosophy, The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic constructs an easy-to-follow narrative. This is an ideal starting point for students looking to understand the historical development of logic.

This book celebrates the work of Don Pigozzi on the occasion of his 80th birthday. In addition to articles written by leading specialists and his disciples, it presents Pigozzi’s scientific output and discusses his impact on the development of science. The book both catalogues his works and offers an extensive profile of Pigozzi as a person, sketching the most important events, not only related to his scientific activity, but also from his personal life. It reflects Pigozzi's contribution to the rise and development of areas such as abstract algebraic logic (AAL), universal algebra and computer science, and introduces new scientific results. Some of the papers also present chronologically ordered facts relating to the development of the disciplines he contributed to, especially abstract algebraic logic. The book offers valuable source material for historians of science, especially those interested in history of mathematics and logic.

"Highly recommended." —Choice "... an important event for the world of philosophy. For the first time we have available in an intelligible form the writings of one of the greatest philosophers of the past hundred years." —The Times Literary Supplement Volume 5 of this landmark edition covers an important transition in Peirce's life, marked by a rekindled enthusiasm for speculative philosophy. The writings include essays relating to his all-embracing theory of categories as well as papers on logic and mathematics.

Key Concepts in Philosophy is a series of concise, accessible and engaging introductions to the core ideas and subjects encountered in the study of philosophy. Specially written to meet the needs of students and those with an interest in, but little prior knowledge of, philosophy, the books open up fascinating, yet sometimes difficult ideas. The series builds to give a solid grounding in philosophy and each book is also ideal as a companion to further study. An understanding of logic is fundamental to the study of philosophy. This stimulating and thorough guidebook offers clear explanation and exploration of the central issues and questions addressed when studying logic. The topics covered include: Reason and unreason; Proving a point; Entailment; Truth; The logic of components of speech and language. An invaluable resource for those studying logic for the first time, this text provides a sound grasp of a fascinating, but often complex - and even daunting - component of philosophy.

Andinmy haste, I said: “Allmenare Liars” 1 —Psalms 116:11 The Original Lie Philosophical analysis often reveals and seldom solves paradoxes. To quote Stephen Read: A paradox arises when an unacceptable conclusion is supported by a plausible argument from apparently acceptable premises. [...] So three di?erent reactions to the paradoxes are possible: to show that the r- soning is fallacious; or that the premises are not true after all; or that 2 the conclusion can in fact be accepted. There are sometimes elaborate ways to endorse a paradoxical conc- sion. One might be prepared to concede that indeed there are a number of grains that make a heap, but no possibility to know this number. However, some paradoxes are more threatening than others; showing the conclusiontobeacceptableisnotaseriousoption,iftheacceptanceleads to triviality. Among semantic paradoxes, the Liar (in any of its versions) 3 o?ers as its conclusion a bullet no one would be willing to bite. One of the most famous versions of the Liar Paradox was proposed by Epimenides, though its attribution to the Cretan poet and philosopher has only a relatively recent history. It seems indeed that Epimenides was mentioned neither in ancient nor in medieval treatments of the Liar 1 Jewish Publication Society translation. 2 Read [1].

An in-depth philosophical reference work furnishes clear and reliable guidance on the ideas of philosophers, ranging from antiquity to the present day, and the major philosophical systems around the globe.

This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Workshop on Dynamic Logic, DALI 2017, held in Brasilia, Brazil, in September 2017. Both its theoretical relevance and practical potential make Dynamic Logic a topic of interest in a number of scientific venues, from wide-scope software engineering conferences to modal logic specific events. The workshop is promoted by an R&D project on dynamic logics for cyber-physical systems. The 12 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. The workshop is based on the project DaLí – Dynamic logics for cyber-physical systems: towards contract based design.

This book is an informal though systematic series of lectures on Boolean algebras. It contains background chapters on topology and continuous functions and includes hundreds of exercises as well as a solutions manual.