PDF book library free download

Marine Biodiversity Conservation

Marine Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: Keith Hiscock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317934334
Size: 59.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 1374

Get Book


Effective marine biodiversity conservation is dependent upon a clear scientific rationale for practical interventions. This book is intended to provide knowledge and tools for marine conservation practitioners and to identify issues and mechanisms for upper-level undergraduate and Masters students. It also provides sound guidance for marine biology field course work and professionals. The main focus is on benthic species living on or in the seabed and immediately above, rather than on commercial fisheries or highly mobile vertebrates. Such species, including algae and invertebrates, are fundamental to a stable and sustainable marine ecosystem. The book is a practical guide based on a clear exposition of the principles of marine ecology and species biology to demonstrate how marine conservation issues and mechanisms have been tackled worldwide and especially the criteria, structures and decision trees that practitioners and managers will find useful. Well illustrated with conceptual diagrams and flow charts, the book includes case study examples from both temperate and tropical marine environments.

Protecting Forest And Marine Biodiversity

Protecting Forest and Marine Biodiversity PDF
Author: Ed Couzens
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786439492
Size: 34.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 5895

Get Book


This timely book contributes to discussions on the best legal practices to use to promote conservation, protection and sustainable use of biological diversity in forest and marine areas. The breadth of issues explored across these two themes is immense, and the book identifies both key differences, and striking commonalities between them.

Governance Of Marine Fisheries And Biodiversity Conservation

Governance of Marine Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: Serge M. Garcia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118392639
Size: 67.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 552
View: 388

Get Book


Governance of Marine Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservationexplores governance of the world’s oceans with a focus on theimpacts of two inter-connected but historically separate streams ofgovernance: one for fisheries, the other for biodiversityconservation. Chapters, most co-authored by leading expertsfrom both streams, investigate the interaction of these governancestreams from ecological, economic, social and legal perspectives,with emphasis on policies, institutions processes, and outcomes onscales from the global to the local community, and with coverage ofa range of themes and regions of the world. The book opens with chapters setting the historical context for thetwo marine governance streams, and framing the book’sexploration of whether, as the streams increasingly interact, therewill be merger or collision, convergence or co-evolution. Theconcluding chapter synthesizes the insights from throughout thebook, relative to the questions posed in the openingchapters. It also draws conclusions about future needs anddirections in the governance of marine fisheries and biodiversity,vital to the future of the world’s oceans. With cutting edge chapters written by many leading internationalexperts in fisheries management and biodiversity conservation, andedited by three leading figures in this crucially importantsubject, Governance of Marine Fisheries and BiodiversityConservation is an essential purchase for fisheries scientists,economists, resource managers and policymakers, and all thoseworking in fields of biodiversity conservation, marine ecology, andcoastal livelihoods. Libraries in all universities and researchestablishments where environmental and/or marine studies,conservation, ocean policy and law, biological and life sciences,and fisheries management are studied and taught, should have copiesof this most important book.

Marine Conservation Biology

Marine Conservation Biology PDF
Author: Marine Conservation Biology Institute
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 31.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 470
View: 4882

Get Book


'Marine Conservation Biology' brings together leading experts from around the world to apply the lessons and thinking of conservation biology to marine issues. The contributors cover what is threatening marine biodiversity and what humans can do to recover the biological integrity of the world's oceans.

Prioritization Of Marine Biodiversity Conservation In The Coral Triangle

Prioritization of Marine Biodiversity Conservation in the Coral Triangle PDF
Author: Irawan Asaad
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Marine biodiversity
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 7079

Get Book


This dissertation presents an integrated and systematic approach to prioritizing areas for biodiversity conservation, and aims to address significant knowledge gaps in the geographic priorities for marine biodiversity conservation in the Coral Triangle region. The Coral Triangle encompasses parts of South-East Asia and the Western Pacific, and is a priority for marine biodiversity conservation because it has the highest species richness, and perhaps endemicity, of any marine region globally. This study first synthesized ecological and biological criteria used in 15 international initiatives to assess an area’s importance for biodiversity conservation. Four criteria identified areas of high biodiversity significance based on habitat: (1) contained unique and rare habitats; (2) included fragile and sensitive habitats; (3) were important for ecological integrity; and (4) were representative of all habitats. Four additional criteria were based on species-specific attributes: (5) the presence of species of conservation concern; (6) the occurrence of restricted-range species; (7) species richness; and (8) importance for life history stages. These eight criteria can be measured by five biodiversity variables: habitat cover, species occurrence, species richness, species’ geographic range, and population abundance. To identify areas of importance for biodiversity conservation, a multi-criteria decision analysis was conducted using the above pre-defined ecological criteria. This study found that approximately 13% of the Coral Triangle region was clustered into areas of high biodiversity importance (biodiversity hotspots). These areas were clustered along the southern Philippines, north-eastern Malaysian Sabah, central and eastern Indonesia, eastern Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. The most significant areas included three sites in the Philippines (i.e., the Verde Island Passage, the southern part of Negros Island and Cebu Island) and four sites in Indonesia (i.e., the northern tip of Sulawesi, Ambon Island, Kei Islands, and Raja Ampat Archipelago). Spatial prioritization tools were applied to guide the identification of an effective MPA network for the Coral Triangle. This study showed that the application of evidencebased Marine Protected Area (MPA) network design tools illustrates MPA options that provide almost three times more representation of biodiversity features than that currently provided by the existing MPA network in the Coral Triangle. By systematically increasing MPA coverage to 10% of the Coral Triangle’s marine area, the average representation of biodiversity features within the MPA network would increase to over 37%. An MPA network that covered 30% of the Coral Triangle would include 65% of the biodiversity features. Marine areas in the Halmahera Sea, the outer island arc of the Banda Sea, the Sulu Archipelago, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the Malaita Islands were identified as priority areas for the designation of new MPAs. Further, this study identified several existing MPAs in the Coral Triangle that could be expanded to cover additional biodiversity features within their adjacent areas. Finally, an online atlas of the Coral Triangle was developed. This atlas consists of three sets of interlinked digital maps: (a) Biodiversity Features (providing comprehensive data on the region’s marine protected areas, biodiversity features, threats and environmental characteristics); (b) Areas of Importance for Biodiversity Conservation (highlighting the spatial distribution of areas of high biodiversity conservation value); and (c) Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Network Expansion (showing priority areas for expansion of current Coral Triangle MPAs or siting of new MPAs). This publicly-accessible digital map provides the most comprehensive biodiversity datasets available to date for the region and describes representative information to support a better understanding of the key marine and coastal characteristics of the Coral Triangle.

Biodiversity In The Marine Environment

Biodiversity in the Marine Environment PDF
Author: Philippe Goulletquer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940178566X
Size: 20.53 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 2012

Get Book


The oceans cover over 70% of our planet. They are host to a biodiversity of tremendous wealth. Its preservation is now a global priority featuring in several international conventions and a confirmed objective of European policies and national strategies. Understanding the dynamics and the uses of the marine biodiversity is a genuine scientific challenge. Fourteen international experts have got together and identified five priority research themes to address the problem, based on analysing the state of knowledge.

Marine Biodiversity

Marine Biodiversity PDF
Author: H. Queiroga
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402046979
Size: 18.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 4648

Get Book


This volume presents the four sub-themes of the 38th European Marine Biology Symposium. These are patterns and processes, assessment, threats and management and conservation. Understanding the functioning of marine ecosystems is the first step towards measuring and predicting the influence of Man, and to finding solutions for the enormous array of problems we face today. The papers in this book represent current research and concerns about Marine Biodiversity in Europe.

Marine Conservation Ecology

Marine Conservation Ecology PDF
Author: John Roff
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136538380
Size: 44.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6929

Get Book


This major textbook provides a broad coverage of the ecological foundations of marine conservation, including the rationale, importance and practicalities of various approaches to marine conservation and management. The scope of the book encompasses an understanding of the elements of marine biodiversity - from global to local levels - threats to marine biodiversity, and the structure and function of marine environments as related to conservation issues. The authors describe the potential approaches, initiatives and various options for conservation, from the genetic to the species, community and ecosystem levels in marine environments. They explore methods for identifying the units of conservation, and the development of defensible frameworks for marine conservation. They describe planning of ecologically integrated conservation strategies, including decision-making on size, boundaries, numbers and connectivity of protected area networks. The book also addresses relationships between fisheries and biodiversity, novel methods for conservation planning in the coastal zone and the evaluation of conservation initiatives.

The Living Ocean

The Living Ocean PDF
Author: Boyce Thorne-Miller
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781597268974
Size: 36.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 1565

Get Book


The first edition of The Living Ocean, published in 1991 by Island Press in association with Friends of the Earth, was widely praised by scientists, policymakers, instructors, and general readers as a useful and accessible introduction to the science and policy of biological diversity in marine environments. Since that time, much new research has been conducted and numerous national and international policy initiatives have been undertaken.With 1998 designated by the United Nations as the International Year of the Ocean, this new, revised and expanded, edition is a welcome and much-needed addition to the literature.This edition brings the volume up-to-date, and re-establishes it as an essential primer for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of marine biodiversity and how it can be protected. It provides an overview of basic concepts and principles and a review of relevant policy issues and existing instruments. The author:defines biological diversity and discusses the importance of threats to marine biodiversity reviews the current status of scientific knowledge describes the major coastal and oceanic ecosystem types and addresses the major threats in each presents a general discussion of the ways in which government and the public can protect marine biological diversity provides specific examples of national and international policies, legal instruments, programs, and institutions addresses how social, economic, political, and ethical considerations affect decisions to conserve marine biological diversity considers the involvement of citizens in developing ocean policy The book also includes a useful glossary that provides information about basic biological concepts, and a comprehensive bibliography. Throughout, the author emphasizes the relationship of human societies and governments to the living ocean, and the need to implement programs that will protect ecosystems and species.

Ecology And Conservation Of Tropical Marine Faunal Communities

Ecology and Conservation of Tropical Marine Faunal Communities PDF
Author: K. Venkataraman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642382002
Size: 59.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 481
View: 3700

Get Book


This book provides insights into various aspects of marine faunal communities in India, which are extremely diverse due to the geomorphologic and climatic variations along the Indian coasts. Consisting of 30 chapters by experts in their respective fields, it is divided into two parts: · Part I: Tropical Marine Faunal Communities · Part II: Ecology and Conservation Part I highlights the diversity and distribution of Foraminifera; sponges associated with seagrass; Polychaeta; Opisthobranchia; oysters; copepods; horseshoe and brachyuran crabs; echinoderms; ascidians; fishes; fish parasites; and sea mammals. Topics of Part II include the status and environmental parameters of benthos; the status of coral reefs; the invasion of snowflake coral; the recovery of bleached corals; the socioeconomics and management of dugong; marine biodiversity conservation and management in India; the assessment of the marine fauna of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act; and marine biodiversity protected areas in India. This book will serve as a valuable reference work for marine scientists, as well as for environmental managers and policy makers.

Marine Biodiversity

Marine Biodiversity PDF
Author: John Stuart Gray
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Marine pollution
Languages : en
Pages : 24
View: 5531

Get Book



Marine Environment Protection And Biodiversity Conservation

Marine Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: Julian Roberts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540376992
Size: 17.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 3132

Get Book


Despite the potential benefits that the IMO's Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) designation can deliver, recent practice within the IMO and by individual member states has considerably undermined confidence in this emerging concept. The focus of this book is on the events within the IMO that have led to this lack of confidence arising. In the process, this book presents an examination of coastal State practice with the PSSA concept.

Protecting Our Seas

Protecting Our Seas PDF
Author: New Zealand. Department of Conservation
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780478226911
Size: 10.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Marine animals
Languages : en
Pages : 13
View: 5227

Get Book



Marine Biodiversity Of Costa Rica Central America

Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica  Central America PDF
Author: Ingo S. Wehrtmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402082789
Size: 68.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 538
View: 3217

Get Book


Life began in the sea, and even today most of the deep diversity of the planet is marine. This is often forgotten, especially in tropical countries like Costa Rica, renowned for their rain forests and the multitude of life forms found therein. Thus this book focusing on marine diversity of Costa Rica is particularly welcome. How many marine species are there in Costa Rica? The authors report a total of 6,777 species, or 3. 5% of the world’s total. Yet the vast majority of marine species have yet to be formally described. Recent estimates of the numbers of species on coral reefs range from 1–9 million, so that the true number of marine species in Costa Rica is certainly far higher. In some groups the numbers are likely to be vastly higher because to date they have been so little studied. Only one species of nematode is reported, despite the fact that it has been said that nematodes are the most diverse of all marine groups. In better studied groups such as mollusks and crustaceans, reported numbers are in the thousands, but even in these groups many species remain to be described. Indeed the task of describing marine species is daunting – if there really are about 9 million marine species and Costa Rica has 3. 5% of them, then the total number would be over 300,000. Clearly, so much remains to be done that new approaches are needed. Genetic methods have en- mous promise in this regard.

Marine Biodiversity And Ecosystem Functioning

Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning PDF
Author: Martin Solan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637394
Size: 10.91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 254
View: 1270

Get Book


The biological composition and richness of most of the Earth's major ecosystems are being dramatically and irreversibly transformed by anthropogenic activity. Yet, despite the vast areal extent of our oceans, the mainstay of research to-date in the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning arena has been weighted towards ecological observations and experimentation in terrestrial plant and soil systems. This book provides a framework for extending these concepts to a variety of marine systems. Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning is the first book to address the latest advances in biodiversity-function science using marine examples. It brings together contributions from the leading scientists in the field to provide an in-depth evaluation of the science, before offering a perspective on future research directions for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today and in the future.

Dna Barcoding In Marine Perspectives

DNA Barcoding in Marine Perspectives PDF
Author: Subrata Trivedi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319418408
Size: 62.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 3176

Get Book


More than two third of the surface area of our planet is covered by oceans and assessment of the marine biodiversity is a challenging task. With the increasing global population, there is a tendency to exploit marine recourses for food, energy and other requirements. This puts pressure on the fragile marine environment and needs sustainable conservation efforts. Marine species identification using traditional taxonomical methods are often burdened with taxonomic controversies. Here in this book we will discuss the comparatively new concept of DNA barcoding and its significance in marine perspective. This molecular technique can be helpful in the assessment of cryptic species which are widespread in marine environment, and can also be used to link the different life cycle stages to the adult which is difficult to accomplish in marine ecosystems. Other advantages of DNA barcoding include authentication and safety assessment of seafood, wildlife forensics, conservation genetics and detection of invasive alien species (IAS). Global DNA barcoding efforts in the marine habitat include MarBOL, CeDAMar, CMarZ, SHARK-BOL, etc. DNA barcoding of different marine groups ranging from the microbes to mammals is to be revealed. In conjugation with newer and faster techniques like high throughput sequencing, DNA barcoding is serving as an effective modern tool in marine biodiversity assessment and conservation.