PDF book library free download

Mughal Gardens

Mughal Gardens PDF
Author: Wescoat, Jr. (James L.)
Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
ISBN: 9780884022350
Size: 24.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4170

Get Book


The Mughal dynasty (1526-1858) began with the visionary garden builder and conqueror, Zahir and Din Muhammad Babur. As he conquered new lands, he would build gardens to mark the beauty of the natural landscape and to lay claim to the new territory; the role of garden design and meaning thereafter evolved with each Mughal ruler.

Perspectives On Garden Histories

Perspectives on Garden Histories PDF
Author: Michel Conan
Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
ISBN: 9780884022695
Size: 53.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 682

Get Book


Comprising ten papers which critically examine the field of garden history, presented at the twenty-first Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture. Topics include changes in approaches to garden history and architectural studies over time and new historical investigations and discoveries in Italian and Mughal gardens. Good bandw illustrations. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Mughal Garden

The Mughal Garden PDF
Author: Mahmood Hussain
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 33.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Gardems
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 1344

Get Book



Middle East Garden Traditions

Middle East Garden Traditions PDF
Author: Former Director of Garden and Landscape Studies Michel Conan
Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
ISBN: 9780884023296
Size: 20.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 363
View: 4917

Get Book


This book unites new information and surprising results from the last fifteen years of garden research, at a remove from the clichs of Orientalism. Garden archaeology reveals the economic importance of Judean gardens in Roman times and the visual complexity of gardens created and transformed in Moorish Spain. More contemporary approaches unravel the cultural continuities, variations, and differences between gardens in the Middle East since Roman times and in the Islamic world. Scholars present new sources for studies of gardens in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, the Ottoman world, Judea, Morocco, and Moorish Spain. They explore the interplay of conflicting influences, the cultural reception of gardens in religious and mystical societies, and the political uses of gardens, presenting an unexpected diversity of garden forms in all levels of society.

Islamic Gardens And Landscapes

Islamic Gardens and Landscapes PDF
Author: D. Fairchild Ruggles
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812207289
Size: 70.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 2673

Get Book


"In the course of my research," writes D. Fairchild Ruggles, "I devoured Arabic agricultural manuals from the tenth through the fourteenth centuries. I love gardening, and in these texts I was able to enter the minds of agriculturalists and botanists of a thousand years ago who likewise believed it was important and interesting to record all the known ways of propagating olive trees, the various uses of rosemary, and how best to fertilize a garden bed." Western admirers have long seen the Islamic garden as an earthly reflection of the paradise said to await the faithful. However, such simplification, Ruggles contends, denies the sophistication and diversity of the art form. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes immerses the reader in the world of the architects of the great gardens of the Islamic world, from medieval Morocco to contemporary India. Just as Islamic culture is historically dense, sophisticated, and complex, so too is the history of its built landscapes. Islamic gardens began from the practical need to organize the surrounding space of human civilization, tame nature, enhance the earth's yield, and create a legible map on which to distribute natural resources. Ruggles follows the evolution of these early farming efforts to their aristocratic apex in famous formal gardens of the Alhambra in Spain and the Taj Mahal in Agra. Whether in a humble city home or a royal courtyard, the garden has several defining characteristics, which Ruggles discusses. Most notable is an enclosed space divided into four equal parts surrounding a central design element. The traditional Islamic garden is inwardly focused, usually surrounded by buildings or in the form of a courtyard. Water provides a counterpoint to the portioned green sections. Ranging across poetry, court documents, agronomy manuals, and early garden representations, and richly illustrated with pictures and site plans, Islamic Gardens and Landscapes is a book of impressive scope sure to interest scholars and enthusiasts alike.

Royal Mughal Ladies And Their Contributions

Royal Mughal Ladies and Their Contributions PDF
Author: Soma Mukherjee
Publisher: Gyan Books
ISBN: 9788121207607
Size: 67.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Harem
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 6755

Get Book


The present study deals with the royal Mughal ladies in details and is concerned with their achievements and contributions which till today form a part of rich cultural heritage. It provides a detailed account of the life and contributions of the royal Mughal ladies from the times of Babar to Aurangzeb's, with special emphasis on the most prominent among them.

Bibliography Of Art And Architecture In The Islamic World 2 Vol Set

Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World  2 Vol  Set  PDF
Author: Susan Sinclair
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004170588
Size: 17.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1512
View: 4678

Get Book


Following the tradition and style of the acclaimed Index Islamicus, the editors have created this new Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World. The editors have surveyed and annotated a wide range of books and articles from collected volumes and journals published in all European languages (except Turkish) between 1906 and 2011. This comprehensive bibliography is an indispensable tool for everyone involved in the study of material culture in Muslim societies.

Gardens Of Renaissance Europe And The Islamic Empires

Gardens of Renaissance Europe and the Islamic Empires PDF
Author: Mohammad Gharipour
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271080671
Size: 30.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 889

Get Book


The cross-cultural exchange of ideas that flourished in the Mediterranean during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries profoundly affected European and Islamic society. Gardens of Renaissance Europe and the Islamic Empires considers the role and place of gardens and landscapes in the broader context of the information sharing that took place among Europeans and Islamic empires in Turkey, Persia, and India. In illustrating commonalities in the design, development, and people’s perceptions of gardens and nature in both regions, this volume substantiates important parallels in the revolutionary advancements in landscape architecture that took place during the era. The contributors explain how the exchange of gardeners as well as horticultural and irrigation techniques influenced design traditions in the two cultures; examine concurrent shifts in garden and urban landscape design, such as the move toward more public functionality; and explore the mutually influential effects of politics, economics, and culture on composed outdoor space. In doing so, they shed light on the complexity of cultures and politics during the Renaissance. A thoughtfully composed look at the effects of cross-cultural exchange on garden design during a pivotal time in world history, this thought-provoking book points to new areas in inquiry about the influences, confluences, and connections between European and Islamic garden traditions. In addition to the editor, the contributors include Cristina Castel-Branco, Paula Henderson, Simone M. Kaiser, Ebba Koch, Christopher Pastore, Laurent Paya, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Jill Sinclair, and Anatole Tchikine.

A Short History Of Gardens

A Short History of Gardens PDF
Author: Gordon Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191087556
Size: 61.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Gardening
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 5243

Get Book


Gardens take many forms, and have a variety of functions. They can serve as spaces of peace and tranquilty, a way to cultivate wildlife, or as places to develop agricultural resources. Globally, gardens have inspired, comforted, and sustained people from all walks of life, and since the Garden of Eden many iconic gardens have inspired great artists, poets, musicians, and writers. In this short history, Gordon Campbell embraces gardens in all their splendour, from parks, and fruit and vegetable gardens to ornamental gardens, and takes the reader on a globe-trotting historical journey through iconic and cultural signposts of gardens from different regions and traditions. Ranging from the gardens of ancient Persia to modern day allotments, he concludes by looking to the future of the garden in the age of global warming, and the adaptive spirit of human innovation.

Earthly Paradise

Earthly Paradise PDF
Author: Jonas Benzion Lehrman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520043633
Size: 80.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4474

Get Book



A Companion To Asian Art And Architecture

A Companion to Asian Art and Architecture PDF
Author: Rebecca M. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119019532
Size: 62.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 688
View: 7772

Get Book


"This companion presents new critical views on crucial aspects of the large and varied field of Asian art and architectural history. The essays collected here provide scholars and the pubic with an opportunity to engage with the field in all its diversity - from coinage to monastic spaces to imperial commissions and beyond. Regions and topics covered include Korea, Japan, China, several regions of Southeast Asia, South Asia, global and colonial interactions, as well as art and architecture in the UK and UK diasporas"--

Floriculture In India

Floriculture in India PDF
Author: G. S. Randhawa
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9788170234944
Size: 24.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 660
View: 2103

Get Book



Garden History A Very Short Introduction

Garden History  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Gordon Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191004170
Size: 76.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Gardening
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1796

Get Book


Gardens take many forms, and have a variety of functions. They can serve as spaces of peace and tranquilty, a way to cultivate wildlife, or as places to develop agricultural resources. Globally, gardens have inspired, comforted, and sustained people from all walks of life, and since the Garden of Eden many iconic gardens have inspired great artists, poets, musicians, and writers. In this Very Short Introduction, Gordon Campbell embraces gardens in all their splendour, from parks, and fruit and vegetable gardens to ornamental gardens, and takes the reader on a globe-trotting historical journey through iconic and cultural signposts of gardens from different regions and traditions. Ranging from the gardens of ancient Persia to modern day allotments, he concludes by looking to the future of the garden in the age of global warming, and the adaptive spirit of human innovation. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Muqarnas

Muqarnas PDF
Author: Gülru Necipoğlu
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004108721
Size: 60.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 1329

Get Book



The Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire PDF
Author: John F. Richards
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521566032
Size: 48.35 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6311

Get Book


This traces the history of the Mughal empire from its creation in 1526 to its breakup in 1720. It stresses the quality of Mughal territorial expansion, their innovation in land revenue, military organization, and the relationship between the emperors and I

Heritage Conservation In Postcolonial India

Heritage Conservation in Postcolonial India PDF
Author: Manish Chalana
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000296369
Size: 71.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 6129

Get Book


Heritage Conservation in Postcolonial India seeks to position the conservation profession within historical, theoretical, and methodological frames to demonstrate how the field has evolved in the postcolonial decades and follow its various trajectories in research, education, advocacy, and practice. Split into four sections, this book covers important themes of institutional and programmatic developments in the field of conservation; critical and contemporary challenges facing the profession; emerging trends in practice that seek to address contemporary challenges; and sustainable solutions to conservation issues. The cases featured within the book elucidate the evolution of the heritage conservation profession, clarifying the role of key players at the central, state, and local level, and considering intangible, minority, colonial, modern, and vernacular heritages among others. This book also showcases unique strands of conservation practice in the postcolonial decades to demonstrate the range, scope, and multiple avenues of development in the last seven decades. An ideal read for those interested in architecture, planning, historic preservation, urban studies, and South Asian studies.

India News

India News PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3543

Get Book



Agriculture Science A Complete Study Package

Agriculture Science  a Complete Study Package  PDF
Author: Pushpendra K. karhana
Publisher: Arihant Publications India limited
ISBN: 9324197053
Size: 36.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 686
View: 2788

Get Book


India, being an agrarian society, has always regarded agriculture as the back-bone of her economy. Time and again, the agriculture sector has highlighted its importance by contribution towards the overall growth of the whole nation. Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. As the book name suggests “Master Guide Agriculture Science” covering various sections viz. Principle of Crop Production, Gardening Science, Soil Science, Soil Fertility and Fertilizers, Agricultural Economics, Genetics of Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology and Entomology, etc. The study guide provides the complete syllabus into 8 Units in total that are further divided into 22 Chapters giving complete theory in Chapterwise manner, sufficient number of MCQs has been incorporated in each chapter. Apart from theory stuff this book also concentrates on the practice part providing Latest question papers of various exams. The book will be equally useful for UPSC, State PSCs, ARS, JRF, NET & BHU which covers the subject of Agriculture Science. As the book contains ample number study as well as practice material, it for sure will help the aspirants score high in the upcoming examinations. TABLE OF CONTENT UNIT– 1: agriculture Science, UINIT– 2: Gardening, UNIT– 3: Genetics and Plant Breeding, UNIT– 4: Soil Science and Fertility and Fertilizers, UNIT– 5: Plant Pathology and Entomology, UNIT– 6: Agriculture Extensions and Agricultural Economics, UNIT– 7: Agricultural Statistics, UNIT– 8: Animal Science and Dairy Science, Glossary, Question Papers: FSO Food Safety Officer Exam 2019, AAO Assistant Agriculture Officer Exam 2018, BHU MSc. Agriculture Entrance Exam 2017.

South Asian Borderlands

South Asian Borderlands PDF
Author: Farhana Ibrahim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108967574
Size: 17.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4230

Get Book


This is an interdisciplinary volume exploring a range of historical, anthropological and literary ideas and issues in South Asian Borderlands. Going beyond the territorial and geo-political imaginaries of contemporary borderlands in South Asia, chapters in this book engage with the questions of sovereignty, control, policing as well as continuing affections across politically divided borderlands. Modern conceptions of nationhood have created categories of legality and illegality among historically, socially, economically and emotionally connected residents of South Asian borderlands. This volume provides unique insights into the interconnected lives and histories of these borderland spaces and communities.

Persian Gardens And Pavilions

Persian Gardens and Pavilions PDF
Author: Mohammad Gharipour
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857733206
Size: 61.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6707

Get Book


From Timur's tent in Samarqand to Shah 'Abbas's palace in Isfahan and Humayun's tomb in Delhi, the pavilion has been an integral part of Persianate gardens since its earliest appearance at the Achaemenid garden in Pasargadae in the sixth century BC. Here, Mohammad Gharipour places both the garden and the pavilion within their historical, literary and artistic contexts, emphasizing the importance of the pavilion, which has hitherto been overlooked in the study of Iranian historical architecture. Starting with an examination of the depictions and representations of gardens in religious texts, Gharipour analyses the how the idea of the garden developed from the model of pre-Islamic gardens in Achaemenid and Sassanian Persia to its mentions in the Zoroastrian text of Aban Yasht and on to its central role as paradise in the Qur'an. Continuing on with an exploration of gardens and pavilions in Persian poetry, Gharipour offers in-depth analysis of their literal and metaphorical values. It is in the poetry of major Persian poets such as Ferdowsi, Naser Khosrow, Sa'di, Rumi and Hafez that Gharipour finds that whilst gardens are praised for their spiritual values, they also contain significant symbolic worth in terms of temporal wealth and power. Persian Gardens and Pavilions then goes onto examine the garden and the pavilion as reflected in Persian miniature painting, sculpture and carpets, as well as accounts of travelers to Persia. With masters such as Bizhad representing daily life as well as the more mystical prose and poetry in, for example, Sa'di's Bustan (The Orchard) and Golestan (The Rose Garden), the garden and the pavilion can be seen to have crucial semiotic significances and cultural meanings. But in addition to this, they also point to historical patterns of patronage and ownership which were of central importance in the diplomatic and social life of the royal courts of Persia. Gharipour thereby highlights the metaphorical, spiritual, symbolic and religious aspects of gardens, as well as their more materialistic and economic functions. This book reaches back through Persia's rich history to explore the material and psychological relationships between human beings, pavilions and gardens, and will be a valuable resource for Art History, Architecture and Iranian Studies.