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The Economic Sociology Of Capitalism

The Economic Sociology of Capitalism PDF
Author: Victor Nee
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691217939
Size: 36.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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This book represents a major step forward in the use of economic sociology to illuminate the nature and workings of capitalism amid the far-reaching changes of the contemporary era of global capitalism. For the past twenty years economic sociologists have focused on mesa-level phenomena of networks, but they have done relatively little to analyze capitalism as an overall system or to show how such phenomena emerge from and shape the dynamics of capitalism. The Economic Sociology of Capitalism seeks to change this, by presenting both big-picture analyses of capitalism and more focused pieces on institutions crucial to capitalism. The book, which includes sixteen chapters by leading scholars in economic sociology, is organized around three broad themes. The first section addresses core issues and problems in the new study of capitalism; the second considers a variety of topics concerning America, the leading capitalist economy of the world; and the third focuses attention on the question of convergence stemming from the global transformation of capitalism and the challenge of explaining institutional change. The contributions, which follow a foreword by economic historian Avner Greif and the editor's introduction, are by Mitchel Abolafia, James Baron and Michael Hannan, Mary C. Brinton, John Campbell, Gerald Davis and Christopher Marquis, Paul DiMaggio and Joseph Cohen, Peter Evans, Neil Fligstein, John Freeman, Francis Fukuyama, Ko Kuwabara, Victor Nee, Douglass C. North, AnnaLee Saxenian, Richard Swedberg, and Viviana Zelizer.

On Capitalism

On Capitalism PDF
Author: Frank and Rosa Rhodes Professor Victor Nee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 6897

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This important interdisciplinary work suggests a number of economic as well as sociological reasons why modern capitalism is such a uniquely dynamic force.

On Capitalism And Inequality

On Capitalism and Inequality PDF
Author: Robert U. Ayres
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030396503
Size: 15.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 245
View: 3501

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Capitalism is under attack. Defenders say that capitalism has raised billions of people from poverty. But a central activity of capitalism today, Wall Street style, is speculation (gambling), using other people’s money, and privatizing the profits while socializing the debts. Skeptics argue that capitalism has redistributed the wealth of the planet in favor of a very few, meanwhile leaving the planet in bad shape and leaving billions of people out in the cold. Wealth is now extremely mal-distributed, opportunity is far from equal, and upward social mobility has declined significantly in recent decades. This book reviews the evidence and arguments pro and con in considerable detail. The evidence is mixed. The main virtue of capitalism is its emphasis on competition as a driver of innovation and, thus, of economic growth. It is true that economic growth has accelerated in recent centuries, and it is true that billions of people have been lifted from poverty. But it is not necessarily true that intense “winner take all” competition in the marketplace is the explanation for growth. Neoclassical economic theory posits that self-interest is the primary motive for all economic decisions, leaving little room for cooperation and even less for altruism. The theory applies to an unrealistic “model” of human behavior, known as Homo economicus or “economic man”, whose characteristic activity is buying or selling. The reason for using the adjective word “social” – as in socialism” or “social service” or “social democracy” -- is, essentially, to deny those postulates of standard economic theory. Real humans are not rational utility maximizers (whatever that is) and very often do things that are not in their own personal best interests. This can happen because other interests, such as family loyalty, professional, religious, or patriotic duty, may take precedence. Real people rarely behave like Homo economicus, who has rivals but no friends. He (or she) does not trust anyone, hence cannot cooperate with others, and can never create, or live in, a viable social system (or marriage). Yet social systems, ranging from families and tribes to firms, cities, and nations do (and must) exist or civilization cannot exist. A viable social system must not allow “winner takes all”. It must reallocate some of the societal wealth being created by competitive activities to support the young, the old and the weak, because all of those people have equal rights, if not the same luck or the same skills. Both competition and cooperation have important roles to play. A hybrid capitalism involving both is the only viable solution. The book ends with a specific suggestion, namely Universal Basic Income, or UBI.

The New Spirit Of Capitalism

The New Spirit of Capitalism PDF
Author: Luc Boltanski
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859845547
Size: 38.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 601
View: 3913

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In this major work, the sociologists Eve Chiapello and Luc Boltanski go to the heart of the changes in contemporary business culture. Via an unprecedented analysis of the latest management texts that have formed the thinking of employers in their organization of business, the authors trace the contours of a new spirit of capitalism. They argue that from the middle of the 1970s onwards, capitalism abandoned the hierarchical Fordist work structure and developed a new network-based form of organization which was founded on employee initiative and autonomy in the workplace – a 'freedom' that came at the cost of material and psychological security. The authors connect this new spirit with the children of the libertarian and romantic currents of the late 1960s (as epitomised by dressed-down. cool capitalists such as Bill Gates and 'Ben and Jerry') arguing that they practice a more successful and subtle form of exploitation. In a work that is already a classic in Europe, Boltanski and Chiapello show how the new spirit triumphed thanks to a remarkable recuperation of the Left's critique of the alienation of everyday life – a recuperation that simultaneously undermined the power of its social critique.

The Relentless Revolution A History Of Capitalism

The Relentless Revolution  A History of Capitalism PDF
Author: Joyce Appleby
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393339394
Size: 30.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 512
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In a beautifully written history, the award-winning UCLA historian gives us an insightful account of the development of capitalism, from its first stirrings in seventeenth-century England to the present worldwide phenomenon. Appleby's overall strategy is to focus on the turning points and the critical factors. She succeeds in restoring the unexpected to this story, showing that what may seem to us inevitable was in fact contingent and surprising. She peoples her story with a fresh cast of characters, including not only the doers but the thinkers - those who first grasped and articulated the new social arrangements taking shape around them. Within her narrative Appleby addresses some important questions: did capitalism originate in the trade of the early-modern world or in some other way? Why the West - why did this set of practices and beliefs get its start there? What about religious belief - what role did that play in the early grwoth of capitalism? Are the business cycles we see all too clearly a necessary component of this dynamic system? Overall a beautifully written introduction to the history of this global phenomenon.

Religion And The Rise Of Capitalism

Religion and the Rise of Capitalism PDF
Author: R. H. Tawney
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1781682380
Size: 23.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 7697

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A classic of political economy that traces the influence of religious thought on capitalism In one of the true classics of twentieth-century political economy, R. H. Tawney investigates the way religion has moulded social and economic practice. He tracks the influence of religious thought on capitalist economy and ideology since the Middle Ages, shedding light on the question of why Christianity continues to exert a unique role in the marketplace. The book offers an incisive analysis of the morals and mores of contemporary Western culture. In tough, muscular, richly varied prose, Tawney tells an absorbing and meaningful story. Today, the dividing line between the spheres of religion and the secular is shifting, and Religion and the Rise of Capitalism is more pertinent than ever.

The Future Of Capitalism

The Future of Capitalism PDF
Author: Paul Collier
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 024133389X
Size: 55.84 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1709

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*FEATURED IN BILL GATES'S 2019 SUMMER READING RECOMMENDATIONS* From world-renowned economist Paul Collier, a candid diagnosis of the failures of capitalism and a pragmatic and realistic vision for how we can repair it Deep new rifts are tearing apart the fabric of Britain and other Western societies: thriving cities versus the provinces, the highly skilled elite versus the less educated, wealthy versus developing countries. As these divides deepen, we have lost the sense of ethical obligation to others that was crucial to the rise of post-war social democracy. So far these rifts have been answered only by the revivalist ideologies of populism and socialism, leading to the seismic upheavals of Trump, Brexit and the return of the far right in Germany. We have heard many critiques of capitalism but no one has laid out a realistic way to fix it, until now. In a passionate and polemical book, celebrated economist Paul Collier outlines brilliantly original and ethical ways of healing these rifts - economic, social and cultural - with the cool head of pragmatism, rather than the fervour of ideological revivalism. He reveals how he has personally lived across these three divides, moving from working-class Sheffield to hyper-competitive Oxford, and working between Britain and Africa, and acknowledges some of the failings of his profession. Drawing on his own solutions as well as ideas from some of the world's most distinguished social scientists, he shows us how to save capitalism from itself - and free ourselves from the intellectual baggage of the 20th century.

Only People Make Their Own History

Only People Make Their Own History PDF
Author: Samir Amin
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583677712
Size: 33.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 3948

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A collection of Samir Amin’s ten most influential essays of the 21st century Radical political economist Samir Amin left behind a cherished oeuvre of Marxist writings. Amin’s intellectual range—from economics to culture—was admirable, and his lessons remain essential. Monthly Review Press is honored to publish this volume, culled from the Monthly Review magazine, of ten of Samir Amin’s most significant essays written in the twenty-first century. The collection is introduced by Amin’s friend and comrade, the Marxist philosopher Aijaz Ahmad, who provides a comprehensive survey of Amin’s life and path-breaking work. Ahmad also offers a contextual focus by which to read such stunningly astute pieces as “Revolution or Decadence?” and “Contemporary Imperialism.” Only People Make Their Own History is a loving and enlightening look at what the work of Samir Amin has meant—and will mean— to millions of people the world over.

Postkapitalismus

Postkapitalismus PDF
Author: Paul Mason
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874478X
Size: 26.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 429
View: 4558

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Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen « könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

23 Things They Don T Tell You About Capitalism

23 Things They Don t Tell You About Capitalism PDF
Author: Ha-Joon Chang
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1608193381
Size: 34.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3040

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Challenges popular misconceptions while making startling revelations about free-market practices, explaining the author's views on global capitalism dynamics while making recommendations for reshaping capitalism to humane ends.