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Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments PDF
Author: Marcus J. Healey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471292265
Size: 52.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4519

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Pollution prevention technologies are experiencing great growth as organizations seek the economies and benefits of their implementation. Environmental audits, anticipation of International Standards Organization (ISO) 9000, the desire to avoid future liabilities, costs, and accidental chemical releases, as well as to promote worker safety and a "green" image in the United States and internationally, combine to encourage businesses to adopt pollution prevention programs. The implementation of pollution prevention requires diverse engineering and management practices that reduce or preclude the pollution that reaches the air, water, or soil. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments, along with its accompanying software, provides business and technical managers with straightforward guidance on how to perform pollution prevention. The compiled software, HOW2DOP2, is industry- and process-tailored and will run on virtually any machine equipped with a Web browser. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments is geared for small businesses that do not have large environmental staffs trained in pollution prevention principles or the time to learn thoroughly all of the background information necessary to develop a specific pollution prevention plan. Concentrating on the technical and practical subjects associated with performing pollution prevention, this book, with the accompanying software, provides practitioners with the tools to develop pollution prevention plans and to enable their businesses to benefit from their implementation.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments For Research And Development Laboratories

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments for Research and Development Laboratories PDF
Author: Jill Engel-Cox
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 100
View: 3445

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This handbook presents proven tools and examples of ways to reduce waste generated by R&D processes, projects, and programs. It assists researchers, environmental compliance staff, and managers of R&D programs in private industry, government, and university research departments in identifying ways to reduce chemical and material use, minimize the generation of waste, and lower associated costs. It includes a pollution prevention opportunity assessment that provides a simple and systematic approach for finding pollution prevention opportunities, developing them, and documenting these efforts. This method, coupled with a strong Pollution Prevention Program, has saved the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory $1.9 million in avoided waste-related costs over three years.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment For The Protective Forces

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the Protective Forces PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 13.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 16
View: 6662

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Department of Energy (DOE) orders 5400.1 and 5400.3 mandate the development of a waste minimization program. The program's goals are to: (1) reduce volumes of hazardous wastes and toxicity, (2) implement a system of tracking and reporting improvements, and (3) devise a method for performing tasks. To satisfy the requirements of this program, Sandia conducts pollution prevention opportunity assessments (PPOAs) to identify waste-generating processes. The information collected from a PPOA then is used to identify waste minimization opportunities. This PPOA was conducted for the Protective Forces, according to the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Plan for SNL/California.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment For Landscape Waste

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for Landscape Waste PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 15
View: 444

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DOE orders mandate the development of a waste minimization program. The program's goals are to: reduce volumes of wastes and toxicity; implement a system of tracking and reporting improvements; and devise a method for performing tasks. To satisfy the requirements of this program, Sandia conducts pollution prevention opportunity assessments (PPOAs) to identify waste-generating processes. The information collected from a PPOA then is used to identify waste minimization opportunities. This pollution prevention opportunity assessment was conducted using Sandia's new methodology for prioritizing, evaluating and managing site-wide waste streams. This new methodology and the list of priority waste streams are described in the wastes revision of the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Plant. This PPOA addresses landscape waste minimization, partially in response to recent legislation and regulations.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Benchmarking

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Benchmarking PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 61.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 6
View: 4032

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Most people agree that Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (P2OAs) are a critical first step in any pollution prevention activity. P2OAs are used to identify waste streams, examine the processes which generate waste, and discover ways to reduce this waste. Formerly called Process Waste Assessments (PWAs), P2OAs were originally developed by the Environmental Protection Agency for use by companies to examine their individual manufacturing processes, seeking process improvements which would reduce hazardous and material waste while saving money. The current status of the Hanford site makes traditional P2OAs/PWAs difficult. Hanford covers 1,450 square kilometers (560 square miles) of land with almost 200 hundred on and off-site waste generators and thousands of waste streams. Additionally, Hanford's current mission of environmental restoration (ER) causes operations to be discontinuous and project oriented, unlike a production facility. Clearly, Hanford's P2OA process must be able to handle and prioritize the number and uniqueness of D & D/ER waste streams in a manageable fashion. In order to determine an appropriate P2OA process, the Pollution Prevention group at Westinghouse Hanford Company benchmarked P2OA programs at other Department of Energy sites, reviewed guidelines from the Environmental Protection Agency, as well as examined a few facilities at Hanford already performing P2OAs. This process revealed that, although there has been significant discussion of the problem, very few organizations are actually conducting P2OAs on D & D/ER work. This paper presents the comparisons of the different programs that were found, details on the situation at Hanford, and makes recommendations for an efficient P2OA process for Hanford's ER mission. These recommendations include: complete a P2OA process on the planned activity itself, keep the assessments simple, seek to overcome recycling barriers, and find a consistent way to show progress.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 41.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 17
View: 489

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The objective of this paper is to promote the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) technique as a fundamental of pollution prevention for waste management. All key elements of an effective PPOA program are presented. These key elements include impacts of environmental laws on pollution prevention, PPOA concepts and overview, waste minimization opportunities assessment, reporting and monitoring waste minimization progress, and PPOA program implementation. As environmental laws evolve the focus is shifting from end-of-pipe pollution control to front-end source reduction. Waste minimization was mistakenly interpreted to mean the reduction of hazardous waste after generation in the past. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 has clearly defined its requirement on resource reduction. Waste reduction can be viewed as a criterion to assess all industrial processes and operations. The fundamental approach of PPOA focuses on a mass balance concept. This concept deals with tracking of chemicals from the point of purchase, through storage, utilization in the process, and waste generation at the end of process. In other words, PPOA is a technique to analyze this input/output process. By applying PPOA techniques, the framework of applicable compliance requirements to the current operation process is established. Furthermore, documentation of PPOA itself can meet as documentation requirements for environmental compliance. In general, the PPOA process consists of two phases. The first phase involves input and output process description and waste characterization. The second phase is an opportunities assessment for waste minimization from input/output waste characterization. These two phases are explained in detail in the paper.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Benchmarking

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Benchmarking PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 52
View: 4693

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Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (P2OAs) are an important first step in any pollution prevention program. While P2OAs have been and are being conducted at Hanford, there exists no standard guidance, training, tracking, or systematic approach to identifying and addressing the most important waste streams. The purpose of this paper then is to serve as a guide to the Pollution Prevention group at Westinghouse Hanford in developing and implementing P2OAs at Hanford. By searching the literature and benchmarks other sites and agencies, the best elements from those programs can be incorporated and pitfalls more easily avoided. This search began with the 1988 document that introduces P2OAs (then called Process Waste Assessments, PWAS) by the Environmental Protection Agency. This important document presented the basic framework of P20A features which appeared in almost all later programs. Major Department of Energy programs were also examined, with particular attention to the Defense Programs P20A method of a graded approach, as presented at the Kansas City Plant. The graded approach is a system of conducting P2OAs of varying levels of detail depending on the size and importance of the waste stream. Finally, private industry programs were examined briefly. While all the benchmarked programs had excellent features, it was determined that the size and mission of Hanford precluded lifting any one program for use. Thus, a series of recommendations were made, based on the literature review, in order to begin an extensive program of P2OAs at Hanford. These recommendations are in the areas of: facility Pollution Prevention teams, P20A scope and methodology, guidance documents, training for facilities (and management), technical and informational support, tracking and measuring success, and incentives.

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments At Hanford

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments at Hanford PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 26.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 35
View: 296

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The Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) is a pro- active way to look at a waste generating activity and identify opportunities to minimize wastes through a cost benefit analysis. Hanford's PPOA process is based upon the graded approach developed by the Kansas City Plant. Hanford further streamlined the process while building in more flexibility for the individual users. One of the most challenging aspects for implementing the PPOA process at Hanford is one overall mission which is environmental restoration, Now that the facilities are no longer in production, each has a different non- routine activity making it difficult to quantify the inputs and outputs of the activity under consideration.