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Sovereign Individuals Of Capitalism Rle Social Theory

Sovereign Individuals of Capitalism  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650727
Size: 76.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 5682

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In this sequel to their acclaimed The Dominant Ideology Thesis, the authors develop their analysis of the social and cultural underpinnings of modern capitalism. They confront a central assumption of western culture: namely, that the individual is sovereign, and that capitalism above all other economic forms depends on individualism. These ideas have an unbroken history from Alexis de Tocqueville to Milton Friedman. The paradox of the modern world is that the moral emphasis on the individual is contradicted by the actual organization of economy and society. The authors suggest that individualism and capitalism have no enduring or necessary relationship. Their linkage is entirely accidental and was confined to one particular historical period in the West. Against the background of what they term the Discovery of the Individual, the authors show how individualism gave capitalism a particular shape, and capitalism in turn highlighted the possessive features of the individual. Oriental capitalism and late capitalism in the West bear no particular relationship to individualism; indeed, they flourish best in the absence of individualistic culture. Collectivism increasingly dominates both economic and social life. These issues once informed the sociological enterprise, but have not been systematically addressed in recent times. This book revives the classical tradition of the historical and comparative analysis of culture and economy in capitalist society, in the context of the late twentieth-century world.

Sovereign Individuals Of Capitalism Rle Social Theory

Sovereign Individuals of Capitalism  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650735
Size: 62.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 6720

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In this sequel to their acclaimed The Dominant Ideology Thesis, the authors develop their analysis of the social and cultural underpinnings of modern capitalism. They confront a central assumption of western culture: namely, that the individual is sovereign, and that capitalism above all other economic forms depends on individualism. These ideas have an unbroken history from Alexis de Tocqueville to Milton Friedman. The paradox of the modern world is that the moral emphasis on the individual is contradicted by the actual organization of economy and society. The authors suggest that individualism and capitalism have no enduring or necessary relationship. Their linkage is entirely accidental and was confined to one particular historical period in the West. Against the background of what they term the Discovery of the Individual, the authors show how individualism gave capitalism a particular shape, and capitalism in turn highlighted the possessive features of the individual. Oriental capitalism and late capitalism in the West bear no particular relationship to individualism; indeed, they flourish best in the absence of individualistic culture. Collectivism increasingly dominates both economic and social life. These issues once informed the sociological enterprise, but have not been systematically addressed in recent times. This book revives the classical tradition of the historical and comparative analysis of culture and economy in capitalist society, in the context of the late twentieth-century world.

Neoliberalism In Multi Disciplinary Perspective

Neoliberalism in Multi Disciplinary Perspective PDF
Author: Adrian Scribano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319776010
Size: 40.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 5081

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This volume brings together well-versed authors from four continents to critically discuss the roots of neoliberalism and how academics use the word today. Neoliberalism has recently recycled and mutated towards new forms of radicalization where fear plays a leading role legitimating policies, which would otherwise be overtly neglected by citizens. The authors ignite a new discussion within social sciences, combining the advances of sociology, history, anthropology, communication and the theory of mobilities to understand the different faces and guises of neoliberalism.

Dominant Ideologies Rle Social Theory

Dominant Ideologies  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652401
Size: 76.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 7558

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In this volume leading international scholars elaborate upon the central issues of the analysis of ideology: the nature of dominant ideologies. The ways in which ideologies are transmitted; their effects on dominant and subordinate social classes in different societies; the contrast between individualistic and collectivist belief systems; and the diversity of cultural forms that coexist within the capitalist form of economic organization. This book is distinctive in its empirical and comparative approach to the study of the economic and cultural basis of social order, and in the wide range of societies that it covers. Japan, Germany and the USA constitute the core of the modern global economy, and have widely differing historical roots and cultural traditions. Argentina and Australia are white settler societies on the periphery of the capitalist world-system and as a result have certain common features, that are cut across in turn by social and political developments peculiar to each. Britain after a decade of Thatcherism is an interesting test of the efficacy of an ideological project designed to change the cultural values of a population. Poland shows the limitations of the imposition of a state socialist ideology, and the cultural complexities that result.

Citizenship And Capitalism Rle Social Theory

Citizenship and Capitalism  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652436
Size: 11.38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 6059

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In this study of politics in capitalist society Bryan Turner explores the development of citizenship as a way of demonstrating the effective use of political institutions by the working class and other subordinate groups to promote their interests. Marxist criticisms of reformism are rejected; it is shown that subordinate groups can achieve significant advances in social and economic rights, and that democracy is not a sham but a necessary mechanism for the pursuit of interests.

Baudrillard Rle Social Theory

Baudrillard  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Mike Gane
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652460
Size: 27.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250
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Baudrillard is widely recognised as a powerful new force in cultural and social criticism, and is often referred to as the ‘High Priest of Postmodernism’. This study presents a detached assessment of his social thought and his reputation, challenging the way his work has been received in postmodernism and proposing a new reading of his contribution to social theory. Using many sources currently available only in French, Mike Gane provides the keys to understanding Baudrillard’s project and reveals the extent and scope of Baudrillard’s challenge to modern social theory and cultural criticism. He looks at the sources of Baudrillard’s ideas, analysing how Baudrillard has turned these sources against themselves. He describes Baudrillard’s dramatic encounter with critical Marxist theory and psychoanalysis, showing how Baudrillard’s post-Marxist writings define, through the exploration of fatal theory, a new episode in cultural history: a period of cultural implosion. This balanced account of Baudrillard’s social theory emphasises the originality of his work and argues that his significance can only be understood by grasping the paradoxes of his project – Baudrillard’s work is poetic, yet, at the same time, critical and fatal.

Social Philosophy Rle Social Theory

Social Philosophy  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Hans Fink
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131765112X
Size: 21.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 126
View: 6301

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The programmes of political parties and movements are attempts to formulate policies or guidelines in relation to social change. Social philosophy concerns the fundamental issues on which those programmes divide. This introductory work gives an account of several highly influential systems of social philosophy – systems which serve as the landmarks by reference to which modern discussions still orientate themselves. The description of various stages in the history of social philosophy is set within an account of its changing social environment – from feudalism and the philosophy of Aquinas to the rise of the working class and socialism. The book confines itself to the Western tradition and one could say that it charts the rise and fall of the free market as the central institution and the key to the understanding of society.

Conservative Capitalism In Britain And The United States Rle Social Theory

Conservative Capitalism in Britain and the United States  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Raymond Plant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651995
Size: 63.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 3598

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The shock waves of conservative advances have reached into every corner of American and British politics. Parties of the right have prospered, while parties of the left have stumbled, retreated, and are now regrouping. The agenda for both right and left is set by the terms of the free-market doctrines that have displaced the post-war consensus politics of liberal capitalism. This volume describes and challenges the ideological basis of the free-market right. Though critiques of the policies of the Reagan and Thatcher governments are hardly in short supply, this major new study offers the most thorough and up-to-date analysis available. No other book considers in such depth conservative ideas and policies on both sides of the Atlantic. It provides the first clear account of the distinction between conservative and other forms of capitalism. It also examines the fault lines dividing opposing camps within conservative capitalism and their consequences for domestic policy in Britain and the US. Linking political theory and public policy, it is one of the few critical appraisals of the New Right based on a clear understanding of what the arguments for the free market really are. Finally, the authors demonstrate what the left needs to learn from its failures, how to remould its understanding of the relationship between politics and the market, and how to recapture the lost initiative.

Classes Strata And Power Rle Social Theory

Classes  Strata and Power  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Wlodzimierz Wesolowski
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652053
Size: 17.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 178
View: 6756

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Professor Wesolowski presents a detailed study of Marx's theory of class structure and compares it with non-Marxist theories of social stratification, in particular the functionalist theory of stratification and the theory of power elite. He is also concerned to develop and extend the Marxist approach to the study of class structure and social stratification in a socialist society. The book begins with a thorough and original reconstruction of Marx's theory of class domination in a capitalist society, and goes on to show that contemporary non-Marxist theories of power elites complement rather than contradict Marx's concept of class domination. The author examines in detail the functionalist theory of stratification, but rejects it, preferring the Marxist approach. Finally, though, he demonstrates the complementary nature of the two approaches to the study of class structure by expounding a comprehensive paradigm for empirical research based on Marxist theory but including some elements of contemporary stratification theories as well.

Marx S Construction Of Social Theory Rle Marxism

Marx s Construction of Social Theory  RLE Marxism  PDF
Author: J.M. Barbalet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317499557
Size: 44.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 204

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This study, first published in 1983, explores the connections between Marx’s philosophy and his empirical analysis of society and state, by showing the different meanings of many of Marx’s concepts as their role in his theory changes and the theory itself develops. Beginning with an examination of Marx’s search for a sound epistemological basis on which to build a social theory, Dr Barbalet then gives an analysis of the way in which Marx continually modifies the concepts he uses, and continues with an examination of the different functions they are given in different theoretical settings. Various nuances of Marx’s thought, often obscured by the simplistic ‘early-late’ dichotomy, are revealed by Dr Barbalet’s close attention to the progressive transformation of Marx’s concepts and by his scrupulous analysis of them in not only their textual but also their theoretical context. Finally, the book examines the manner in which Marx’s construction of social theory, by its very nature, means that some material is replaced by other theoretical fabric as the theoretical structure itself is in different ways dismantled and reorganised, as Marx’s thought evolves and develops.

Talcott Parsons On Economy And Society Rle Social Theory

Talcott Parsons on Economy and Society  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652258
Size: 36.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 2755

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'In this remarkable collection of essays, Holton and Turner demonstrate that Parsonian sociology addresses the most central problems of our time – issues of sickness and health, power and inequality, the nature of capitalism and its possible alternatives. They develop a mature and original perspective on Parsons as the only classical theorist who avoided crippling nostalgia. Holton and Turner not only talk about Parsonian sociology in a profound and insightful way, they do it, and do it well. As sociology moves away from the rigid dichotomies of earlier debate, this book will help point the way.' – Jeffrey Alexander, Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in Sociology, UCLA

Agency And Structure Rle Social Theory

Agency and Structure  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Piotr Sztompka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652584
Size: 17.34 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 5703

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A striking feature of the human condition is its dual, contradictory, inherently split character; on the one hand, autonomy and freedom; on the other, constraint and dependence on social structure. This volume addresses this central problem of the linkage between human action and social structure in sociological and social science theory. Contributions cover several different approaches to the agency-structure problematic, and represent the work of a number of leading international sociologists. Their efforts point to a reorientation of social theory, both on philosophical and methodological levels.

Social Forms Human Capacities Rle Social Theory

Social Forms Human Capacities  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Philip Corrigan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000155811
Size: 50.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 5763

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This is an exhilarating book, written by one of sociology’s most imaginative theorists and critics. Professor Corrigan proceeds by turning old answers into new questions. He draws on a rich tradition of thought from sociology, philosophy, structuralism, post-structuralism, and literary criticism to explore major ongoing problems in everyday life: moral regulation, schooling, the capitalist world economy, intellectuals, and the problem of difference, masculinity. The result is one of the most dazzling contributions to critical sociology published in recent years.

Philosophical Foundations Of The Three Sociologies Rle Social Theory

Philosophical Foundations of the Three Sociologies  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Ted Benton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651413
Size: 24.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 549

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An extended historical and philosophical argument, this book will be a valuable text for all students of the philosophy of the social sciences. It discusses the serious alternatives to positivist and empiricist accounts of the physical sciences, and poses the debate between naturalism and anti-naturalism in the social sciences in new terms. Recent materialist and realist philosophies of science make possible a defence of naturalism which does not make concessions to positivism and which recognizes the force of several of the anti-positivist arguments from the main anti-naturalist (neo-Kantian) tradition. The author presents a critical evaluation of empiricist and positivist theories of knowledge, and investigates some classic attempts at using them to provide the philosophical foundation for a scientific sociology. He takes the Kantian critique of empiricism as the starting point for the main anti-positivist and anti-naturalist philosophical approaches to the social studies. He goes on to investigate the inadequacy of post-Kantian arguments from Rickert, Weber, Winch and others, both against non-positivist forms of naturalism and as the possible source of a distinctive philosophical foundation for the social studies. The book concludes with a critical investigation of the Marxian tradition and an attempt to establish the possibility of a materialist and realist defence of the project of a natural science of history, which escapes the fundamental flaws of both positivist and neo-Kantian attempts at philosophical foundation.

Back To The Future Rle Social Theory

Back to the Future  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Philip Cooke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652509
Size: 19.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 4882

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Is modernity being replaced by an opposite culture of postmodernity, or is postmodernism simply an internal critique of modernist culture? This key question is central to this stimulating book which explores the transformations taking place in social life, cultural preferences, economic organization and political attitudes, particularly in the context of the contemporary city as a lived or written experience. This book contains accounts of the development of modern ways of life and their erosion in the 20th century. The author argues that a whole set of modern institutions, from the corporation to the novel, are being exposed to internal critique and external competition. As a result, new ways of seeing and thinking are moving us into what some observers see as postmodern culture. However, these tendencies may in fact be the continuation of modernity by other means.

Regional Geography Rle Social Cultural Geography

Regional Geography  RLE Social   Cultural Geography  PDF
Author: Ron Johnston
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317820614
Size: 67.95 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 3993

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This book urges the case for reinstating regional geography as a contemporary and relevant methodology. Much interest was shown in the 1980s in reviving, yet restructuring, the field of regional geography. The essays in this book both review that work and propose a way forward. The essays divide into three sections. The first assesses traditional regional geography and its relevance to the study of contemporary situations; the second, the alternative approaches of world-systems analysis, diffusion and structuration theory. The book concludes by considering the potential of regional geography to interpret the structures within which society operates and its claim to remain at the core of the discipline.