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The Informal Economy In Developing Nations

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations PDF
Author: Erika Kraemer-Mbula
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316798941
Size: 32.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 596

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The informal economy represents a significant share of output and employment in many developing countries. Yet little is known about this hidden engine of innovation. This pioneering study addresses some crucial questions, including: what is the role of the informal sector in economic development? How does innovation occur in the informal economy? How does it spread, who are the key actors and what impacts does it have? How do inventors and entrepreneurs in the informal economy reap benefits from their innovations? What stops informal sector innovation from scaling up? How can informal sector innovation in developing countries be measured? And what policies might support informal sector innovation and improve its impacts? This book will stimulate further work on this crucial but under-researched subject. As well as rich empirical evidence from several groundbreaking studies, it includes conceptual and methodological tools and policy recommendations to help researchers and policy-makers understand innovation in the informal economy.

The Informal Economy In Developing Countries

The Informal Economy in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Jean-Pierre Cling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317912225
Size: 57.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 4230

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Informality is ubiquitous in most developing countries. Understanding the informal economy is therefore of utmost importance from a political, economic and social point of view. Paradoxically, despite its economic importance, knowledge is extremely limited regarding the informal economy. It remains largely unrecognized by researchers, is neglected by politicians, and is even negatively perceived as it is meant to disappear with development. This book aims to amend this situation by presenting recent high level research which studies the informal sector and informal employment. Fresh research into this subject is presented through empirical analysis which covers Asia, Africa and Latin America. Each chapter relies on data and a detailed knowledge of the context of the countries studied in order to question the dominant schools of thought on the origins and causes of informality. The results provide interesting insights into the constraints faced by informal workers, the dynamics of the informal economy and its link with poverty issues. On the basis of the evidences provided by results adequate policies could be defined to address informality issues. The principal characteristics of the informal sector testify to some profound similarities between developing countries: low qualifications and the precariousness of jobs, mediocre incomes and working conditions, atomization of production units and lack of articulation with the formal economy, etc. This general statement does not contradict the observation that there is a high level of heterogeneity in the sector and in informal employment within each country, confirmed by several chapters in this work. In the absence of a sufficient number of job creations, the informal sector essentially constitutes a refuge for workers seeking and is here to stay in the short and medium term, even in emerging countries.

The Informal Economy In Developing Nations

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations PDF
Author: Erika Kraemer-Mbula
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781316799390
Size: 17.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Informal sector (Economics)
Languages : en
Pages : 444
View: 4197

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This pioneering study offers a conceptual model and rich empirical evidence to help researchers and policy-makers understand informal innovation in developing countries.

Informal Work In Developed Nations

Informal Work in Developed Nations PDF
Author: Enrico Marcelli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135219958
Size: 35.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 3011

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Almost everyone residing in a developed nation knows someone who has engaged in paid work that is licit but not reported to the government (e.g., babysitting, gardening, construction, financial consulting). But while most acknowledge that such work is helpful to the individuals involved, and that informal work may enhance a sense of community, most scholars view it as a pre-modern form of exchange and something that disappears as capitalist markets expand globally. Both mainstream and heterodox economics typically assume that there is an inevitable shift towards the formalization of goods and services provisioning as societies become more "advanced" or "developed" (the "formalization thesis"). In these views, the existence of informal activities is a manifestation of backwardness and it is assumed that they will disappear as an economy becomes more "modern." This book challenges these conventional theses about the linear trajectory of informal work and economic development by arguing that informal work is not trivial for understanding modern capitalist economies, and that both mainstream and heterodox theories about the economy must be altered to address the role of informal work in relatively developed economies. This edited collection focuses on informal work in various developed nations, including Canada, the United States, and several in Europe. It will therefore be of interest to policymakers, as well as students and researchers in development studies, social policy, sociology, anthropology, public health, geography, economics and planning. Enrico Marcelli is Assistant Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, USA. Colin C. Williams is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Sheffield, UK. Pascale Joassart is Assistant Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, USA.

Entrepreneurship In The Informal Economy

Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy PDF
Author: Mai Thi Thanh Thai
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135076243
Size: 41.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 284
View: 4538

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Although entrepreneurship in the informal economy occurs outside state regulatory systems, informal commercial activities account for an estimated 30% of economic activity around the world. Informal entrepreneurship goes unmonitored despite the fact that it significantly contributes to poverty reduction and economic development. As a result, the informal sector is open to unethical practices including corruption, worker exploitation, and natural environment abuse to name just a few. In the media, debates have formed around whether informal entrepreneurship should be assisted or legitimized. Hence, a deep understanding of the phenomenon is vitally important. This book is the first on the market to offer models and approaches to informal entrepreneurship as well as to its prospects for economic development. Offering an in-depth examination of informal entrepreneurship in many different countries, it reveals the motivations for engaging in entrepreneurship in the informal economy, characteristics of informal entrepreneurship, and informal entrepreneurs’ response to ethical issues. This volume illustrates the relationship between formal and informal economies and the conditions for the benefits of informal entrepreneurship to outweigh its disadvantages. And finally, it gives recommendations about when and how the informal economy can be formalized, which sectors should be formalized, and which ones can remain informal. This book offers much-needed guidance for stakeholders involved in economic development programs and scholars and entrepreneurs interested in the field of informal entrepreneurship as it is developing around the globe.

Informal Sector In A Developing Economy

Informal Sector in a Developing Economy PDF
Author: Utpal Chowdhury
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Informal sector (Economics)
Languages : en
Pages : 229
View: 1794

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This Book Presents A Natural Search On The Quantum Of Employment And Its Opportunity In The Informal Sector: The Oldest Mode Of Economic Operation, This Globe Is Still Experiencing With. Owing To The Crisis Of The World Wide Unemployment, This Sector Deserves An Enquiry In To Its Employment Potential Capacity Which Has Been Successfully Enlightened In This Book.

Development Centre Studies Tackling Vulnerability In The Informal Economy

Development Centre Studies Tackling Vulnerability in the Informal Economy PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926461320X
Size: 65.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 4055

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A majority of workers in the world are informally employed and contribute to economic and social development through market and non-market activities that are not protected, regulated, well-recognised or valued. This study provides an in-depth diagnosis of informality and the vulnerability prevailing in the informal economy. It explores new ideas to improve the lives of workers in the informal economy based on the ILO indicators of informality and the new OECD Key Indicators of Informality based on Individuals and their Household (KIIbIH).

Work Without Protections

Work Without Protections PDF
Author: Gregory K. Schoepfle
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Employee fringe benefits
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 5222

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Management Society And The Informal Economy

Management  Society  and the Informal Economy PDF
Author: Paul Godfrey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317633180
Size: 32.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 4981

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Informal economic activity, defined as exchanges made by individuals and organizations in extra-legal or non-bureaucratic contexts, represents a significant and growing share of global economic activity. The informal economy brings to mind images of street vendors in markets and bazaars throughout the developing world; indeed, informal economic activity ranges from 25-75% of economic activity, depending on the country under study. Informal activity also includes "under the table," or "off the books" business in the developed world, such as informal labor arrangements in child care, construction, or home cleaning in the United States or Western Europe. What many fail to realize, however, is the increasing presence of informal economic activity in the developed world’s largest corporations and most innovative entrepreneurial ventures, such as technology development work in Silicon Valley, open source software agreements, or employment arrangements between "technology stars" and firms. Management, Society, and the Informal Economy brings to light the role of the informal economy in the 21st century. The book does more than illuminate, however – it also calls for increased focus on the informal economy by management scholars. Each chapter contains a call to action, as well as practical and methodological advice for scholarship on the topic. Management, Society, and the Informal Economy contains a multi-faceted set of arguments, descriptions, and illustrations designed to convince management scholars that they should attend to the informal economy and view it as a serious and rigorous context for theorizing, empirical research, and even practical advocacy.

Informal Economy Centrestage

Informal Economy Centrestage PDF
Author: Renana Jhabvala
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761997105
Size: 31.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 1812

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`The aim of this edited volume is to improve the measurement of the informal economy in the Indian contect and to make the concerns of its workers central to mainstream economic analysis.... Overall the book makes in important contribution in its effort to bring the informal economy into mainstream economic theory and policy.... [It] provides detailed empirical work on the informal economy in India and takes the first step in achieving the goal of bridging theory and empiricism through a focus on measurement' - Development and Change This volume, the result of a creative collaboration between research and action, is aimed at highlighting the contribution of informal workers to the Indian economy. It provides a unique perspective on informal employment in India, from both a macro and a micro perspective. The contributors put forth the argument that while the informal economy already has a place in official statistics, the existing methods of data collection are inadequate to capture the actual size of this sector or to measure its significant contribution to macroeconomic aggregates. They also maintain that there is a need to constantly revisit assumptions and test findings against field level evidence. Overall, this volume provides greater clarity to the nebulous concept of informal economy and establishes that it creates employment, provides goods and services, creates savings and investments, and yet the workers and producers of this economy usually live in poverty.

How To Manage Informal Economy In Ethiopia Differentiation Within The Informal Economy In Addis Ababa

How to Manage Informal Economy in Ethiopia  Differentiation Within the Informal Economy in Addis Ababa PDF
Author: Emebet Hailemichael
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346235513
Size: 52.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 14
View: 6013

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Essay from the year 2019 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A-, Ethiopian Civil Service University (College of Urban Development and Engineering), course: Managing Informality, language: English, abstract: This paper look sin to different theoretical and empirical literature concerning the trends of informal economy, segmentation and differentiation within informal economy and ways in which informal economy is segmented, ways of measuring informal economy, and the size and significance of informal economy. A strong effort is made to get vast recent empirical evidence regarding the size and significance of informal economy and differentiation and segmentation within it in Addis Ababa. Based on this concept, the level of informality in Addis Ababa is measured and informal economy appears to be a vast sector, with low value added and limited innovation and dynamics. In fact, value added has reduced over time. For most, it offers a quality of life far below that of the formal sector.

The Informal Economy Revisited

The Informal Economy Revisited PDF
Author: Martha Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575386
Size: 64.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 4645

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This landmark volume brings together leading scholars in the field to investigate recent conceptual shifts, research findings and policy debates on the informal economy as well as future challenges and directions for research and policy. Well over half of the global workforce and the vast majority of the workforce in developing countries work in the informal economy, and in countries around the world new forms of informal employment are emerging. Yet the informal workforce is not well understood, remains undervalued and is widely stigmatised. Contributors to the volume bridge a range of disciplinary perspectives including anthropology, development economics, law, political science, social policy, sociology, statistics, urban planning and design. The Informal Economy Revisited also focuses on specific groups of informal workers, including home-based workers, street vendors and waste pickers, to provide a grounded insight into disciplinary debates. Ultimately, the book calls for a paradigm shift in how the informal economy is perceived to reflect the realities of informal work in the Global South, as well as the informal practices of the state and capital, not just labour. The Informal Economy Revisited is the culmination of 20 years of pioneering work by WIEGO (Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing), a global network of researchers, development practitioners and organisations of informal workers in 90 countries. Researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and advocates will all find this book an invaluable guide to the significance and complexities of the informal economy, and its role in today’s globalised economy.

Globalization And Informal Jobs In Developing Countries

Globalization and Informal Jobs in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Marc Bacchetta
Publisher: International Labour Organisation
ISBN:
Size: 54.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 187
View: 4722

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This study presents an overview of current research on the relationship between trade globalization and informal jobs (those with no formal contracts or benefits) in developing economies. Based on existing academic literature and complemented by new research by ILO and the World Trade Organization, the book discusses the impact of trade reforms on different dimensions of informal employment. Various transmission mechanisms are discussed, setting results from country studies against international comparisons. The volume analyzes the policies necessary for countries with large informal economies to take advantage of trade reforms and maximize the benefits from international trade. It discusses the obstacles to translating trade openness into sustainably higher long-term growth rates and focuses on the connections between trade, labor, and social policies that can create conditions for countries to integrate successfully into the world economy.

The Informal Economy In Sub Saharan Africa

The Informal Economy in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Leandro Medina
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484309030
Size: 76.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 31
View: 4542

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The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable. To address this issue, this paper applies for the first time the light intensity approach (instead of GDP). It also uses the Predictive Mean Matching (PMM) method to estimate the size of the informal economy for Sub-Saharan African countries over 24 years. Results suggest that informal economy in Sub-Saharan Africa remains among the largest in the world, although this share has been very gradually declining. It also finds significant heterogeneity, with informality ranging from a low of 20 to 25 percent in Mauritius, South Africa and Namibia to a high of 50 to 65 percent in Benin, Tanzania and Nigeria.