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The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: United Nations. Office of Public Information
Publisher: Ardent Media
ISBN:
Size: 80.59 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Human rights
Languages : en
Pages : 166
View: 3815

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The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Julie Mertus
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415343381
Size: 68.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 223
View: 496

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This book is designed to provide a framework for understanding contemporary United Nations (UN) human rights machinery.

The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Frédéric Mégret
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191544779
Size: 44.17 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 1771

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The very concept of human rights implies governmental accountability. To ensure that governments are indeed held accountable for their treatment of citizens and others the United Nations has established a wide range of mechanisms to monitor compliance, and to seek to prevent as well as respond to violations. The panoply of implementation measures that the UN has taken since 1945 has resulted in a diverse and complex set of institutional arrangements, the effectiveness of which varies widely. Indeed, there is much doubt as to the effectiveness of much of the UN's human rights efforts but also about what direction it should take. Inevitable instances of politicization and the hostile, or at best ambivalent, attitude of most governments, has at times endangered the fragile progress made on the more technical fronts. At the same time, technical efforts cannot dispense with the complex politics of actualizing the promise of human rights at and through the UN. In addition to significant actual and potential problems of duplication, overlapping and inconsistent approaches, there are major problems of under-funding and insufficient expertise. The complexity of these arrangements and the difficulty in evaluating their impact makes a comprehensive guide of the type provided here all the more indispensable. These essays critically examine the functions, procedures, and performance of each of the major UN organs dealing with human rights, including the Security Council and the International Court of Justice as well as the more specialized bodies monitoring the implementation of human rights treaties. Significant attention is devoted to the considerable efforts at reforming the UN's human rights machinery, as illustrated most notably by the creation of the Human Rights Council to replace the Commission on Human Rights. The book also looks at the relationship between the various bodies and the potential for major reforms and restructuring.

China The United Nations And Human Rights

China  the United Nations  and Human Rights PDF
Author: Ann Kent
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812200934
Size: 34.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 146

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Selected by Choice magazine as a Outstanding Academic Book for 2000 Nelson Mandela once said, "Human rights have become the focal point of international relations." This has certainly become true in American relations with the People's Republic of China. Ann Kent's book documents China's compliance with the norms and rules of international treaties, and serves as a case study of the effectiveness of the international human rights regime, that network of international consensual agreements concerning acceptable treatment of individuals at the hands of nation-states. Since the early 1980s, and particularly since 1989, by means of vigorous monitoring and the strict maintenance of standards, United Nations human rights organizations have encouraged China to move away from its insistence on the principle of noninterference, to take part in resolutions critical of human rights conditions in other nations, and to accept the applicability to itself of human rights norms and UN procedures. Even though China has continued to suppress political dissidents at home, and appears at times resolutely defiant of outside pressure to reform, Ann Kent argues that it has gradually begun to implement some international human rights standards.

Indigenous Peoples The United Nations And Human Rights

Indigenous Peoples  the United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Sarah Pritchard
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862872592
Size: 12.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Aboriginal Australians
Languages : en
Pages : 243
View: 4789

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Dr Julian Burger, Indigenous Peoples Program, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights says:Sarah Pritchard makes a welcome and practical contribution to the upholding of human rights. Her book brings together articles by the world's leading authorities... Congratulations ... for providing Aboriginal people and other interested individuals and organisations with this hands-on guide to the United Nations and human rights.

The Human Rights Field Operation

The Human Rights Field Operation PDF
Author: Michael O'Flaherty
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 0754685454
Size: 37.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 467
View: 4259

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This volume assesses the development of human rights field operations of the United Nations and other intergovernmental organizations. It addresses a range of aspects concerning the nature, role and activities of field operations, whilst drawing together the reflections of academics, policy makers and field practitioners.

Human Rights The Un And The Bah S In Iran

Human Rights  the UN and the Bah      s in Iran PDF
Author: Nazila Ghanea-Hercock
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041119537
Size: 15.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 628
View: 1353

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This book provides the first comprehensive assessment of the contribution of the United Nations to the human rights situation of the Bahá ís in Iran. It does this by examining the theoretical, legal, institutional and political dimensions of this issue in detail. The situation of the Bahá í community in Iran between 1979 and 2002 provides a particularly good test case for the international community due to its clarity. By giving attention to a singular case within a discrete time frame, this book is able to effectively examine the impact of UN human rights protection. Attention is given in this study to the clash between religion and human rights, the protection of freedom of religion or belief in international law, the workings of UN human rights charter-based and treaty bodies and their various mechanisms, and recommendations for the resolution of the Bahá í human rights situation in Iran.

Failing To Protect

Failing to Protect PDF
Author: Rosa Freedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190222549
Size: 20.31 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 140

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Every year tens of millions of individuals suffer grave abuses of their human rights. These violations occur worldwide, in war-torn countries and in the wealthiest states. Despite many of the abuses being well-documented, little seems to be done to stop them from happening. The United Nations was established to safeguard world peace and security, development, and human rights yet it is undeniable that currently is it failing to protect the rights of a great many people from the victims of ethnic cleansing, to migrants, those displaced by war and women who suffer horrendous abuse. This book looks at the reasons for that failure. Using concrete examples intertwined with explanations of the law and politics of the UN, Rosa Freedman offers clear explanations of how and why the Organisation is unable, at best, or unwilling, at worst, to protect human rights. Written for a non-specialist audience, her book also seeks to explain why certain countries and political blocs manipulate and undermine the UN s human rights machinery. Failing to Protect demonstrates the urgent need for radical reform of the machinery of human rights protection at the international level.

Human Rights

Human Rights PDF
Author: Avery Dulles
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 24.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Human rights
Languages : en
Pages : 21
View: 3674

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Beyond National Borders

Beyond National Borders PDF
Author: Sigrun Skogly
Publisher: Intersentia nv
ISBN: 9050954340
Size: 65.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 4620

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Within and outside the legal and academic professions, it is now increasingly recognised that the human rights consequences of states' actions are not limited to the domestic sphere but quite often transcend national borders. This is a challenge to the human rights community, which up to the present time has focused almost exclusively on human rights violations and protections solely within a national setting. The term "extraterritorial" effect/application/obligation in international law refers to acts that are taken by one actor (state) that have some kind of effect within another country's territory, with or without this second country's implicit or explicit agreement. Extraterritoriality within international human rights law, then, concerns actions or omissions by one state that have an effect on the human rights of individuals in another state - with or without this other state's agreement. This effect may be positive or negative in that such actions or omissions by foreign states may contribute positively to the enjoyment of human rights; or alternatively, they may result in a deteriorated human rights situation, and even human rights violations. This book gives, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of extraterritorial obligations in international human rights law by placing the discussion in a larger international law context, interpreting obligations in the various sources of international human rights law, and discussing the way in which extraterritoriality has been approached by international courts and human rights implementation bodies in theUnited Nations and regional systems.

Human Rights And World Public Order

Human Rights and World Public Order PDF
Author: Myres S. McDougal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190882638
Size: 25.47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 1112
View: 4304

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In 1980, Professors McDougal, Lasswell, and Chen published the original edition of Human Rights and World Public Order to present a "comprehensive framework of inquiry" from which to approach international human rights law, and international law, and inadequacies therein in the discourse of that time by combining theme, structure, method, and process. As a classic text of the New Haven School of International Law, this book explores human rights and international law in the broadest sense, taking into account social sciences research while embracing all values secured, or consequently fulfilled, or needed to thus be achieved. The book endured as a lasting contribution that reframed human rights within the New Haven School tradition, and as a magnificent work of scholarship freed from the confines of positivism and the static concerns of any one political or historical period. Co-author Lung-chu Chen spearheaded the re-issuance of this venerable title, complete with a contemporary, fresh Introduction to unveil this work to a new generation of scholars, students, and practitioners of international law and human rights. This Introduction surveys the major developments in human rights since 1980, including many doctrines and concepts that have emerged since. It covers contemporary events to provide today's readers with the opportunity to contextualize the chapters and to apply the book's framework to future endeavors.

The Law And Process Of The U N Human Rights Committee

The Law and Process of the U N  Human Rights Committee PDF
Author: Kirsten A. Young
Publisher: Transnational Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 23.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 355
View: 5124

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This book marks a departure from past studies. Kirsten Young focuses attention, not on the Committee's interpretation of the substantive provisions of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, but on how the Committee functions as a decision-making body. Few scholars have considered in such detail the actual operation of this important body, which has attempted to secure compliance with fundamental civil and political rights for a quarter of a century. The appearance of this study is a testament to the pivotal role the Committee plays in the protection of human rights and to the maturation of the United Nations human rights treaty regime. The problems identified by the author should be of concern to human rights scholars and activists, as well as to the Committee itself and to states parties. The Committee exercises several different types of authority, including review of periodic state reports and consideration of individual communications under the first Optional Protocol. Ms Young examines the Committee's performance in light of the principle of legality (whether the Committee is empowered to make the decisions that it does) and the principle of legitimacy (whether the Committee's processes are fair). In considering the principle of legitimacy, Ms Young analyses the Committee's impartiality and independence, its management of scarce resources, and the transparency of its procedures.