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Theoretical Foundations Of Molecular Magnetism

Theoretical Foundations of Molecular Magnetism PDF
Author: Roman Boča
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080542713
Size: 80.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 873
View: 478

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Magnetochemistry is a highly interdisciplinary field that attracts the interest of chemists, physicists and material scientists. Although the general strategy of theoretical molecular magnetism has been in place for decades, its performance for extended systems of interacting magnetic units can be very complicated. Professor Boca's book treats the "mosaic" of the theoretical approaches currently used in the field. This book presents a review of the theoretical concepts of molecular magnetism. The first chapter of the book recapitulates the necessary mathematical background. An overview of macroscopic magnetic properties is then presented. Formulation of magnetic parameters and methods of their calculation are given, followed by a brief summary of magnetic behaviour. The core of the book deals with the temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility for mononuclear complexes, dimers, and exchange-coupled clusters. This book will be particularly useful for those scientists and students working in the field of molecular magnetism who need to refer to a complete and systematic treatment of the mathematics of magneto-chemical theory.

Theoretical Foundations Of Electron Spin Resonance

Theoretical Foundations of Electron Spin Resonance PDF
Author: John E. Harriman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483191664
Size: 19.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 510

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Theoretical Foundations of Electron Spin Resonance deals with the theoretical approach to electron paramagnetic resonance. The book discusses electron spin resonance in applications related to polyatomic, probably organic, free radicals in condensed phases. The book also focuses on essentially static phenomena, that is, the description and determination of stationary-state energy levels. The author reviews the Dirac theory of the electron in which a four-component wave function is responsible for the behavior of the electron. The author then connects this theory with the nonrelativistic wave function theory. The book also addresses the relationship between spin Hamiltonian parameters and observable energy levels, as well as the expressions for specific spin Hamiltonian parameters concerning operators and wave functions. The book discusses wave- functions for open-shell systems; as well as how to extract values of spin Hamiltonian from information related to wave functions. The author then examines empirically adjusted parameters that can determine the wave function itself. This book can prove valuable for scientists involved with nuclear physics, molecular physics, and researchers in chemical physics.

High Resolution Nmr Spectroscopy Understanding Molecules And Their Electronic Structures

High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy  Understanding Molecules and their Electronic Structures PDF
Author:
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444594140
Size: 66.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 141

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The progress in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy that took place during the last several decades is observed in both experimental capabilities and theoretical approaches to study the spectral parameters. The scope of NMR spectroscopy for studying a large series of molecular problems has notably broadened. However, at the same time, it requires specialists to fully use its potentialities. This is a notorious problem and it is reflected in the current literature where this spectroscopy is typically only used in a routine way. Also, it is seldom used in several disciplines in which it could be a powerful tool to study many problems. The main aim of this book is to try to help reverse these trends. This book is divided in three parts dealing with 1) high-resolution NMR parameters; 2) methods for understanding high-resolution NMR parameters; and 3) some experimental aspects of high-resolution NMR parameters for studying molecular structures. Each part is divided into chapters written by different specialists who use different methodologies in their work. In turn, each chapter is divided into sections. Some features of the different sections are highlighted: it is expected that part of the readership will be interested only in the basic aspects of some chapters, while other readers will be interested in deepening their understanding of the subject dealt with in them. Shows how NMR parameters are useful for structure assignment as well as to obtain insight on electronic structures Emphasis on conceptual aspects Contributions by specialists who use the discussed methodologies in their everyday work

Epr Of Free Radicals In Solids Ii

EPR of Free Radicals in Solids II PDF
Author: Anders Lund
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400748876
Size: 40.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 6371

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EPR of Free Radicals in Solids: Trends in Methods and Applications, 2nd ed. presents a critical two volume review of the methods and applications of EPR (ESR) for the study of free radical processes in solids. Emphasis is on the progress made in the developments in EPR technology, in the application of sophisticated matrix isolation techniques and in the advancement in quantitative EPR that have occurred since the 1st edition was published. Improvements have been made also at theoretical level, with the development of methods based on first principles and their application to the calculation of magnetic properties as well as in spectral simulations. EPR of Free Radicals in Solids II focuses on the trends in applications of experimental and theoretical methods to extract structural and dynamical properties of radicals and spin probes in solid matrices by continuous wave (CW) and pulsed techniques in nine chapters written by experts in the field. It examines the studies involving radiation- and photo-induced inorganic and organic radicals in inert matrices, the high-spin molecules and metal-based molecular clusters as well as the radical pro-cesses in photosynthesis. Recent advancements in environmental applications in-cluding measurements by myon resonance of radicals on surfaces and by quantitative EPR in dosimetry are outlined and the applications of optical detection in material research with much increased sensitivity reviewed. The potential use of EPR in quantum computing is considered in a newly written chapter. This new edition is aimed to experimentalists and theoreticians in research involving free radicals, as well as for students of advanced courses in physical chemis-try, chemical physics, materials science, biophysics, biochemistry and related fields.

Magnetic Functions Beyond The Spin Hamiltonian

Magnetic Functions Beyond the Spin Hamiltonian PDF
Author: R. Boca
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540260790
Size: 25.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 7168

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Using the spin-Hamiltonian formalism, this work introduces the magnetic parameters through the components of the Lambda-tensor involving only the matrix elements of the angular momentum operator. It presents theoretical formulae necessary in performing the energy level calculations for a multi-term system.

A Handbook Of Magnetochemical Formulae

A Handbook of Magnetochemical Formulae PDF
Author: Roman Boča
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012416014X
Size: 25.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 991
View: 2216

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Magnetochemistry is concerned with the study of magnetic properties in materials. It investigates the relationship between the magnetic properties of chemical compounds and their atomic and molecular structure. This rapidly growing field has a number of applications, and the measuring and interpreting of magnetic properties is often conducted by scientists who are not specialists in the field. Magnetochemistry requires complex mathematics and physics and so can be daunting for those who have not previously studied it in depth. Aimed at providing a single source of information on magnetochemistry, this book offers a comprehensive and contemporary review of the mathematical background and formula for predicting or fitting magnetic data, including a summary of the theory behind magnetochemistry to help understand the necessary calculations. Along with tables listing the key formula, there is also a model of the magnetic functions showing the effect of individual magnetic parameters. The clear structure and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of magnetochemistry will make this an essential book for advanced students and practitioners. Provides comprehensive overview of the mathematical background of magnetochemistry Uses clear and accessible language so scientists in a variety of fields can utilize the information Detailed explanations of equations and formula

High Resolution Nmr Spectroscopy

High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy PDF
Author: Juha Vaara
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128082976
Size: 53.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 5932

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The theory and quantum-chemical calculations of the spectral parameters of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are well established in the case of diamagnetic, closed-shell molecules. In contrast, NMR calculations of paramagnetic, open-shell molecules (pNMR) are scarce, limited by both assumptions within the underlying theoretical background as well as the availability of computational implementations. We discuss the systematic development of pNMR theory that recently culminated in a novel, general and systematic electronic structure approach for the shielding tensor and the associated chemical shift for paramagnetic, open-shell atoms, molecules, and nonmetallic solids. The approach has now been extended for the first time to a higher than doublet spin state as well as arbitrary spatial symmetry. The approach is formulated without reference to spin susceptibility, in contrast to the contemporary experimental procedure and approximate quantum-chemical treatment of axial zero-field splitting. As a result of the systematic procedure, all the temperature-dependent hyperfine shielding terms are generalized and, for example, the leading-order nonrelativistic dipolar term now provides an isotropic chemical shift contribution for species with triplet and higher spin multiplicity. Recent first-principles quantum-chemical calculations of pNMR chemical shifts are reviewed both using the novel theory as well as earlier approaches.

Solution Nmr Of Paramagnetic Molecules

Solution NMR of Paramagnetic Molecules PDF
Author: Ivano Bertini
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080541488
Size: 79.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 5681

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NMR is a growing technique which represents a generalized, spread, common tool for spectroscopy and for structural and dynamic investigation. Part of the field of competence of NMR is represented by molecules with unpaired electrons, which are called paramagnetic. The presence of unpaired electrons is at the same time a drawback (negative effect) and a precious source of information about structure and dynamics. New phenomena and effects are described which are due to the high magnetic fields and advances in the methodology. Solution NMR of Paramagnetic Molecules is unique in dealing with these matters. The scope is that of presenting a complete description, which is both rigorous and pictorial, of theory and experiments of NMR of paramagnetic molecules in solution. Pertinent examples are described. From the time dependent behaviour of electrons in the various metal ions including polimetallic systems to the hyperfine-based information, and from NMR experiments to constraints for solution structure determination. The book's major theme is how to perform high resolution NMR experiments and how to obtain structural and dynamic information on paramagnetic metal ion containing systems.