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Trends In Venture Capital Finance In Developing Countries

Trends in Venture Capital Finance in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Anthony H. Aylward
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821343036
Size: 67.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 31
View: 349

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IFC Discussion Paper No. 36. This paper presents an analysis of new data on venture capital in developing countries. The data from the regional venture capital associations detail sources and uses of venture financing flows by region, country, industry, type of investing institution, and stage of venture investment. The survey data detail fund organization, deal screening, capital structure, agency cost characteristics of asset structure, measures of entrepreneur human capital, and investment monitoring and control.

Trends In Private Investment In Developing Countries

Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Stephen S. Everhart
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821350102
Size: 64.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 54
View: 6896

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La edicion de 2001 se centra en la relacion entre inversion publica e inversion privada. El foco de este a?o esta en la calidad de la inversion publica, de su interaccion con la corrupcion, y del impacto que resulta en la inversion privada.

Trends In Private Investment In Developing Countries

Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Lawrence Bouton
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821347850
Size: 24.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 46
View: 3104

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This discussion paper examines in its first part, the role of private investment in economic growth. While theoretical growth models developed in the economics literature, make no distinction between private, and public components of investment, there is an emerging appreciation that private investment is more efficient, and productive tan public investment. Results from the recent empirical literature, updated here with the recent data on private investment, suggest that private investment has a stronger association with long run economic growth than public investment. The second part shows trends in private, and public fixed investment in fifty developing countries. On average, the ratio of private investment to GDP continued its upward trend, reaching record levels in 1998, the most recent year for which comparable data exist. That year, average private investment reached 14.3 percent of GDP, but public investment, fell to only 7.0 percent of GDP, its lowest level since 1974.

Trends In Private Investment In Developing Countries

Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Guy Pierre Pfeffermann
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821344750
Size: 79.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 46
View: 7009

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This is the tenth annual edition of "Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries." To mark this event, this report includes figures for each of the countries for which data are available as well as the first country-specific results of a worldwide survey on obstacles to doing business perceived by executives in 74 countries (including several industrial countries for comparison). The first part of this report documents trends in private and public fixed investment. The second part presents country-specific results of a 1996/97 worldwide survey of business executives. The discussion focus on obstacles to doing business and their relationship to levels of private investment. A few factors emerge as being of particular importance to private investment decisions:the real exchange rate, the rule of law, predictability of judiciary systems, and the extent to which financing is available to enterprises.

Financial Systems Corporate Investment In Innovation And Venture Capital

Financial Systems  Corporate Investment in Innovation  and Venture Capital PDF
Author: Anthony Bartzokas
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1845420640
Size: 32.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 835

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"Financial Systems, Corporate Investment in Innovation, and Venture Capital is a text for scholars and students of the theory and practice of financing innovation. It will also be a source for governments, NGOs, financial institutions and multilateral agencies interested in the practicalities of promoting technology-based small and medium enterprises."--BOOK JACKET.

Time To Rethink Privatization In Transition Economies

Time to Rethink Privatization in Transition Economies  PDF
Author: John R. Nellis
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821345030
Size: 75.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 29
View: 6902

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IFC Discussion Paper No. 38.QUOTEIt is now universally acknowledged that ownership matters; that private ownership in and of itself is a major determinant of good performance in firms... Decent economic policy and well-functioning legal and administrative institutions... matter greatly as well.QUOTEThis paper looks at what happens when the shift to private ownership gets far out in front of the effort to build the institutional underpinnings of a capitalist economy. The emphasis is on what went wrong and why and what, if anything, can be done to be correct it. Proposals include renationalization and/or postponement of further privatization, both to be accompanied by measures to strengthen the managerial capacities of the state. Neither approach seems likely to produce short-term improvements. The regrettable fact is that governments that botch privatization are equally likely to botch the management of state-owned firms. In a number of Central European transition countries, privatization is living up to expectations; and there is no need for such measures. For institutionally-weak countries, the less dramatic but reasonable short-term course of action is to push ahead more slowly with case- by-case and tender privatization in cooperation with the international assistance community in hopes of producing some success stories that will lead by example.

Firm Size And The Business Environment

Firm Size and the Business Environment PDF
Author: Mirjam Schiffer
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821350034
Size: 48.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 51
View: 4397

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The development of the small and medium enterprise sector is deemed crucial for economic growth and poverty alleviation. Such firms are often though to be at a disadvantage when compared with larger enterprises, but the reverse can apply, for example in the more flexible approach of the smaller firm. This paper draws on a private sector survey in 80 countries examining whether business obstacles are related to firm size. It finds a bias against small firms, which experience significantly greater problems than large firms with financing, taxes and regulations, inflation, corruption and street crime. These problems should be the prime targets of policies aimed at reducing inequity.

Leapfrogging

Leapfrogging  PDF
Author: Robert R. Miller
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821349502
Size: 61.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 31
View: 3463

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IT and the Internet have been seen as a way to enable developing countries to leapfrog over the development path and increase their rate of growth. This paper reviews the situation in India, where the government has strongly encouraged the development of information technology. Although the software sector has become a large and growing export industry there are still the general problems of poor infrastructure and low public investment alongside regulations and controls that can stifle growth. These factors will limit any leapfrogging as economic growth depends on complementary and complicated interactions.

A Market Oriented Strategy For Small And Medium Scale Enterprises

A Market oriented Strategy for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises PDF
Author: Kristin Hallberg
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821347270
Size: 16.52 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 25
View: 6443

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This paper investigates the economic rationale for intervention in support of small and medium scale enterprises, on both theoretical and empirical grounds. It argues that the justification for SME interventions lies in market and institutional failures that bias the size distribution of firms, rather than on any inherent economic benefits provided by small firms. The role of the state is mainly to provide an enabling business environment that opens access to markets and reduces policy-induced biases against small firms. Governments can accelerate the development of markets for financial and non-financial services suited to SMEs by promoting innovation in products and delivery mechanisms, and by building institutional capacity. Improving the development impact of SME strategies will require much more attention to the monitoring and evaluation of intervention outcomes.

Primary Securities Markets

Primary Securities Markets PDF
Author: Anthony H. Aylward
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821345221
Size: 63.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 37
View: 6293

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IFC Discussion Paper No. 39.During the period 1980-95, the level of activity increased dramatically for funds raised domestically via issues of debt and equity securities in public capital markets in 32 countries. There were also substantial differences in the level of activity across markets and countries. This paper examines aggregate domestic primary capital market activity in a cross section of countries, including 24 emerging markets. It defines exactly how important a role financial markets have played in raising capital for investment.In this pioneering work, the authors compile aggregate data on primary market activity for a recent period of time, which allows them to quantify the size of the markets and how they have evolved over time. Through their analysis, the authors document the rapidly increasing importance of primary capital markets in many developing countries, where, relative to GDP, these markets now source as much private capital as their developed country counterpart.