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United States 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release

United States  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498342736
Size: 69.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 65
View: 7206

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Focus. The 2014 Article IV Consultation focused on five broad themes to strengthen the recovery and improve the long-term outlook: raising productivity growth and labor force participation, confronting poverty, keeping public debt on a sustained downward path, smoothly managing the exit from zero policy rates, and securing a safer financial system. Main policy issues. • Policies are needed to boost longer-term potential output through investments in infrastructure, raising educational outcomes, improving the tax structure, and developing and expanding a skilled labor force (including through immigration reform, job training, and providing childcare assistance for working families). • Forging agreement on a credible, medium-term consolidation plan should be a high priority and include steps to lower the growth of health care costs, reform social security, and increase revenues. In the absence of such a comprehensive agreement, efforts should still focus on identifying more modest opportunities to relax the near- term budget envelope, paid for with future fiscal savings. • An enduring consequence of the past recession has been a jump in the number of families living in poverty. Improved employment prospects and economic growth will be essential to reverse this upward movement. An expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit and an increase in the minimum wage should also be part of the solution. • The goal for monetary policy is to manage the exit from zero interest rates in a manner that allows the economy to converge to full employment with stable prices while avoiding financial instability and negative spillovers to the global economy. This is a complex undertaking. To facilitate it, steps could be taken to expand the Fed’s communications toolkit so as to provide greater clarity on how the Federal Open Market Committee assesses progress toward its longer-run goals. • Continued regulatory oversight is needed to counter the emergence of financial imbalances, particularly those that may be growing outside of the banking system. Policies should also be deployed to keep mortgage credit accessible and attract more private capital into housing finance while minimizing risks to taxpayers. • The U.S. external position is assessed to be broadly consistent with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies.

Panama 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Panama

Panama  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Panama PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 149836375X
Size: 22.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 1962

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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Panama’s economic performance remains buoyant. Real GDP growth averaged about 8.5 percent over the past decade, the highest in Latin America, supported by an ambitious public investment program, and accompanied by strong reduction in unemployment, poverty, and income inequality. After exceeding 10 percent in 2011–2012, growth slowed to 8.4 percent in 2013 reflecting mainly a decline in Colon Free Zone activity and in Canal traffic. Growth is expected to remain strong over the medium term. Inflation is moderating, owing to the deceleration of international food and oil prices. The baseline outlook is favorable, with moderate risks.

Switzerland 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Switzerland

Switzerland  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Switzerland PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498330509
Size: 27.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 53
View: 1141

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This 2014 Article IV Consultation outlines that the growth of the Swiss economy has gathered pace, but inflation remains close to zero. The recovery is expected to continue and inflation should rise gradually although the output gap will progressively close. The fiscal position is healthy, with a broadly neutral stance projected for 2014. Despite improved market confidence toward the euro area and tapering in the United States, the exchange rate has remained close to the floor. The authorities have taken several measures to contain risks, including raising the countercyclical capital buffer and adopting prudential measures to tighten lending standards and conditions.

Mexico 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report And Press Release

Mexico  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  and Press Release PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498326560
Size: 23.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 390

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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that after a sharp slowdown in 2013, growth in Mexico is projected to recover to 2.4 percent this year. The strong recovery in the United States in the second quarter of 2014 has triggered a rebound in Mexico’s manufacturing production and exports. In addition, construction activity is firming up, supported by a rebound of residential investment and an increase of government spending on infrastructure. Mexico’s external position remains broadly consistent with fundamentals and desirable policy settings. In 2014, the current account deficit is projected to remain unchanged with an improving trade balance offset by a continued increase in factor payments.

Peru 2015 Article Iv Consultation Press Release Staff Report And Statement By The Executive Director For Peru

Peru  2015 Article IV Consultation Press Release  Staff Report  and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 151355669X
Size: 53.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 81
View: 6825

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KEY ISSUES Context: Peru remains one of the best performing economies in Latin America, with solid macroeconomic fundamentals, strong policy frameworks, and visible gains in poverty reduction. Like most of the region, Peru faced a challenging external environment in 2014. External shocks were compounded by domestic supply disruptions and a drop in subnational public investment, and growth decelerated sharply. Headline inflation was slightly above the upper band of the central bank’s (BCRP) target range due to supply shocks, but expectations remained well anchored. The external current account deficit declined slightly despite weaker external conditions. Outlook and risks: Growth is expected to recover in 2015 and over the medium term, contingent on production at new mines approaching capacity, priority infrastructure projects advancing, and shocks to terms of trade fading. However, downside risks dominate. Externally, these include a surge in global financial volatility, further dollar appreciation, or lower commodity prices and external demand. Domestic downside risks include weaker investment, uncertainties surrounding 2016 Presidential elections, and persistent social conflicts. A faster unwinding of supply shocks or a more complete pass- through of lower food and fuel global prices constitute upside risks. Near-term policy mix: The policy mix is broadly adequate to support the recovery and maintain macroeconomic stability. The immediate priority is expediting the execution of public investment in line with government plans, while avoiding increases in non-priority current spending. Monetary policy should remain responsive to inflation expectations and external developments. Exchange rate flexibility should be the main line of defense against any additional external pressures. The timely use of macro-prudential tools and ongoing de-dollarization efforts should further solidify financial stability. Medium-term prospects: With the end of the commodity boom, a push to deepen structural reforms will be necessary to sustain potential growth and diversify the economy. Revenue losses would need to be offset to finance structural reforms, investment, and inclusion along a gradual fiscal consolidation path. Streamlining legal requirements and red tape is rightly a government reform priority and the ambitious education reform and inclusion polices should stay their course within the framework of fiscal discipline. Persevering with labor market reform remains important.

Peru

Peru PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513539310
Size: 63.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 81
View: 7655

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This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Peru remains one of the best performing economies in Latin America, with solid macroeconomic policies and fundamentals and visible gains in poverty reduction. However, like most of the region, Peru faced a challenging external environment in 2014. Lower metal prices and weaker demand from trading partners were a major drag on private investment and exports. On the domestic front, an unexpected drop in subnational public investment level and temporary supply disruptions in mining, fishing, and agriculture compounded external shocks. Real GDP is projected to expand at about 3.75 percent in 2015, contingent on the reversal of the supply shocks and policy stimulus of 2014. Growth is expected to rise in 2016–17.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513516337
Size: 62.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019.

Peru

Peru PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475572158
Size: 64.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 6671

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This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Peru has successfully navigated the commodity cycle and the 2008–09 global financial crisis, and still leads growth among large Latin American economies. Following a sharp and unexpected drop in 2014, growth picked up in 2015, reaching 3.3 percent largely owing to higher metals production and fishing, and a partial recovery in services and commerce. Peru is now positioned to grow faster in the next two years, as mining production reaches full capacity and large infrastructure projects advance. Inflation is expected to decline. Risks to the outlook are balanced, and downside risks are mostly on the external side.

United States 2021 Article Iv Consultation Press Release Staff Report And Statement By The Executive Director For The United States

United States  2021 Article IV Consultation Press Release  Staff Report  and Statement by the Executive Director for the United States PDF
Author: International Monetary
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513591819
Size: 68.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 91
View: 3542

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The new administration’s policies have put the U.S. economy on a strong footing. An effective vaccine rollout has put the number of new COVID-19 cases on a firmly downward path. At the same time, unprecedented fiscal support is quickly restoring the economy back to full employment and generating positive outward spillovers to the world economy. These efforts have not been costless: the path for public debt is far higher; the current account deficit has grown; and very accommodative financial conditions have led to increased corporate and nonbank leverage and rising valuations across a range of assets. The pandemic continues to weigh heavily on those at the lower end of the income distribution, exposing longstanding inequities in access to quality healthcare and education (many of which have an important gender and racial dimension).

Economic Report Of The President Transmitted To The Congress

Economic Report of the President Transmitted to the Congress PDF
Author: United States. President
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 64.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4690

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Represents the annual report of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Appendix B contains historical tables (from 1959 or earlier) on aspects of income (national, personal, and corporate), production, prices, employment, investment, taxes and transfers, and money and finance.

Economic Report Of The President January 2017 Together With The Annual Report Of The Council Of Economic Advisers

Economic Report of the President January 2017 Together with the Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers PDF
Author: Executive Office of the President, Council of Economic Advisers
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160936104
Size: 51.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 600
View: 5646

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Do you remember President Barack Obama's economic priorities during his presidency? The Economic Report of the President is an annual report written by the Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers. An important vehicle for presenting the Administration's domestic and international economic policies, it provides an overview of the nation's economic progress with text and extensive data appendices. This volume pertains to President Barack Obama administration and reviews the efforts of the Obama Administration to ensure economic growth among all American families. This authoritiative resource covers highlights from the eight years of President Barack Obama and his administration's service to the United States of America. American citizens, economists, political scientists, fiscal forecasters, policymakers, market research analysts, financial analysts, policy analysts, management consultants, financial and business reporters may be interested in this volume. High school teachers may be able to use this report for teaching activity-based lessons to high school students as a way to make economics relevant to current events, economic growth, and the role of Government with impact on the fiscal and monetary policy. Undergraduate and graduate students pursuing coursework for economic majors may find this volume useful for research in Economics History, History of Economic Thought, and Economics of Government Regulations classes, while political science students may find this volume useful for research in Public Fiscal Policy, and Political Economics classes. Check out our Economic Policy resources collection here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/budget-economy/economic-policy U.S. Federal Budgets available by year are available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/budget-economy/federal-budgets-year Other publications relating to President Barack Obama presidency can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/presidential-history/44-barack-obama

Peru

Peru PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 77.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 81
View: 2490

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KEY ISSUES Context: Peru remains one of the best performing economies in Latin America, with solid macroeconomic fundamentals, strong policy frameworks, and visible gains in poverty reduction. Like most of the region, Peru faced a challenging external environment in 2014. External shocks were compounded by domestic supply disruptions and a drop in subnational public investment, and growth decelerated sharply. Headline inflation was slightly above the upper band of the central bank's (BCRP) target range due to supply shocks, but expectations remained well anchored. The external current account deficit declined slightly despite weaker external conditions. Outlook and risks: Growth is expected to recover in 2015 and over the medium term, contingent on production at new mines approaching capacity, priority infrastructure projects advancing, and shocks to terms of trade fading. However, downside risks dominate. Externally, these include a surge in global financial volatility, further dollar appreciation, or lower commodity prices and external demand. Domestic downside risks include weaker investment, uncertainties surrounding 2016 Presidential elections, and persistent social conflicts. A faster unwinding of supply shocks or a more complete pass- through of lower food and fuel global prices constitute upside risks. Near-term policy mix: The policy mix is broadly adequate to support the recovery and maintain macroeconomic stability. The immediate priority is expediting the execution of public investment in line with government plans, while avoiding increases in non-priority current spending. Monetary policy should remain responsive to inflation expectations and external developments. Exchange rate flexibility should be the main line of defense against any additional external pressures. The timely use of macro-prudential tools and ongoing de-dollarization efforts should further solidify financial stability. Medium-term prospects: With the end of the commodity boom, a push to deepen structural reforms will be necessary to sustain potential growth and diversify the economy. Revenue losses would need to be offset to finance structural reforms, investment, and inclusion along a gradual fiscal consolidation path. Streamlining legal requirements and red tape is rightly a government reform priority and the ambitious education reform and inclusion polices should stay their course within the framework of fiscal discipline. Persevering with labor market reform remains important.

Switzerland 2021 Article Iv Consultation Press Release Staff Report Staff Statement And Statement By The Executive Director For Switzerland

Switzerland  2021 Article IV Consultation Press Release  Staff Report  Staff Statement  and Statement by the Executive Director for Switzerland PDF
Author: International Monetary
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513585606
Size: 14.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 1175

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Switzerland has navigated the COVID-19 pandemic well. The pandemic has had major social and economic impacts, but an early, strong, and sustained health and economic policy response helped contain the contraction of activity. Coordinated efforts targeting households and firms stemmed a loss of purchasing power and a rise of unemployment and bankruptcies. Recovery has commenced, but uncertainty and risks remain high, dominated by pandemic dynamics. The rebound should deepen, as vaccination proceeds, containment is eased, and domestic and global demand picks up. Fiscal support has been rightly extended in 2021, and monetary policy remains accommodative. Policies should remain supportive until there are clear signs of sustained recovery; the authorities should expand support if needed. Redirection to fostering green, digital transformation with attention to low-income earners will be needed, including to ensure that prolonged emergency support does not hinder structural changes in the economy.

Resilience And Growth In The Small States Of The Pacific

Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific PDF
Author: Hoe Ee Khor
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513507524
Size: 25.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 460
View: 2782

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Pacific island countries face unique challenges to realizing their growth potential and raising living standards. This book discusses ongoing challenges facing Pacific island countries and policy options to address them. Regional cooperation and solutions tailored to their unique challenges, as well as further integration with the Asia and Pacific region will each play a role. With concerted efforts, Pacific island countries can boost potential growth, increase resilience, and improve the welfare of their citizens.

China And The Middle East

China and the Middle East PDF
Author: James M. Dorsey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331964355X
Size: 76.35 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278
View: 7327

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This book explores China’s significant economic and security interests in the Middle East and South Asia. To protect its economic and security interests, China is increasingly forced to compromise its long-held foreign policy and defence principles, which include insistence on non-interference in the domestic affairs of others, refusal to envision a foreign military presence, and focus on the development of mutually beneficial economic and commercial relations. The volume shows that China’s need to redefine requirements for the safeguarding of its national interests positioned the country as a regional player in competitive cooperation with the United States and the dominant external actor in the region. The project would be ideal for scholarly audiences interested in Regional Politics, China, South Asia, the Middle East, and economic and security studies.